Language
How does the
language we
use reveal
who we are?
List it!


Make a list of words that we, as
Michiganders, say differently or
completely slaughter.
Also consider words that your family
uses that may be unique compared
to others.
AGENDA




“Malk”
The Michigan Accent
Choice Reading
Homework: Read Amy Tan’s “Mother
Tongue”


Pg. 542 (question #7, pg. 46 of Comp)
New Book: Pg. 700 (question #4, pg. 46 of
Comp book)
Videos


“Malk” Julian Smith
“Dialect Maps” Huffington Post
The Michigan Accent


“The Michigan Accent and
Michiganders Slang Words”
HubPages Blog
Separate Slideshow on website
Homework

Read Amy Tan’s “Mother Tongue”


Pg. 542 (question #7, pg. 46 of Comp)
New Book: Pg. 700 (question #4, pg.
46 of Comp book)
AGENDA




Discussion of homework
Amy Tan video
Choice Reading
Homework:


Pg. 562: “Bilingualism in American: English
should be the Official Language” by S.I.
Hayakawa
Question #2- Outline argument on page 47 of
Composition Book
Amy Tan
What is Amy Tan’s attitude toward
her mother?
Homework


Pg. 562: “Bilingualism in American:
English should be the Official
Language” by S.I. Hayakawa
Question #2- (pg. 47 of Comp. Book)


Outline Hayakawa’s argument for
making English the country's official
language. What are his unstated
assumptions?
New Book: see me or link on website
AGENDA



“The Californians”
Outline
iPads:



Harvard Dialect Map survey
Search articles on languages
Homework: “Mother Tongue” Multiple
Choice questions with explanations
SI Hayakawa

Outline the development pattern
that SI Hayakawa uses in this piece
“Bilingualism in America”
AGENDA


Amy Tan: MC Questions
Choice Reading and Conferring
LANGUAGE
Choice-Reading
DO
YOU SPEAK
AMERICAN? (2005)
with Robert MacNeil
NOTE MAKING








Pronunciation in New England
and NYC
Prescriptivism vs. Descriptivism
What is standard English?
Dialects
Written English
Language change
African-American
Hip-Hop
Thoughts on Language







Didja/ couldja
Canya
“d” replaces “t” (water, Pontiac)
Vernors, Faygo
Kleenex, Pop
“yer”
“Look it”
MAP OF THE UNITED STATES

On your map, circle the states or areas
of the country where the
language/dialect might cause you to
have preconceived notions about





Education level
Nature of values (conservative/liberal)
Vacations/destination hot spots
Racial or ethnic populations
Make a color-coded key that includes
the above
“Do You Speak American?”
AGENDA
“Do You Speak American”
NOTE MAKING








Pronunciation in New England
and NYC
Prescriptivism vs Descriptivism
What is standard English?
Dialects
Written English
Language change
African-American
Hip-Hop

Descriptive grammarians ask the question, "What is
English (or another language) like? What are its forms
and how do they function in various situations?" By
contrast, prescriptive grammarians ask, "What should
English be like? What forms should people use and what
functions should they serve?" Prescriptivists follow the
tradition of the classical grammars of Sanskrit, Greek and
Latin, which aimed to preserve earlier forms of those
languages so that readers in subsequent generations
could understand sacred texts and historical documents.
Modern descriptivists aim to describe rather than
prescribe linguistic forms and their uses. Dictionary
makers also strive for descriptive accuracy in reporting
which words are in use and which senses they carry.

Development patterns in
Hayakawa’s “Bilingualism in
America”
THE GOOD OL’ USA
SLANG
ACCENT
CULTURALLY-DERIVED
VOCABULARY
SOUND
AGENDA



Finish Do You Speak American
Class discussion
SSR
Quick Write


To you, what does it mean to “speak
American”?
What important aspects need to be
considered when forming an opinion
on what is acceptable language
(written and spoken) in our country?
DISCUSSION WARM-UP

What is the
difference
between teen
slang and poor
grammar in
terms of how
people perceive
you as a person?
SLANG

Make list of slang words and their
definitions
SHARE YOUR FINDINGS


Partner-teams switch with another
team
Share the results of the map and
your article
DISCUSSION WARM-UP

What is the
difference
between teen
slang and poor
grammar in
terms of how
people perceive
you as a person?
AGENDA
Video:
Amy Walker “21 Accents”
“Aria: Memoirs of a Bilingual
Childhood” student-led
discussions
Choice Reading
Quick Write


To you, what does it mean to “speak
American”?
What important aspects need to be
considered when forming an opinion
on what is acceptable language
(written and spoken) in our country?
HOMEWORK

Read and take notes on
“Aria: Memoir of a Bilingual Child”
from Hunger of Memory
(Rodriguez p. 509/303)
Assignment:



Write a Purpose statement for
each of the four sections
Review the questions at the end
of the chapter and design a
concept map 8 ideas for one of
the discussion-question ideas
(page 50/51 of Comp. Book)
DISCUSSION IDEA
Proposed by Hispanic-American
Social activists in the 60s
supported by
Congress
an effort to
level the
playing field
BILINGUAL EDUCATION
family language used at school
family language
Is intimate
Rodriguez feels this cannot happen
soothing
sounds
of home
AGENDA




Fitzgerald vs. Armstrong
Group Work
Response Questions
Choice-Reading
SMALL-GROUP DISCUSSIONS
FROM RODRIGUEZ ARTICLE

In groups of 4, each member should
lead a 5-minute discussion on
his/her concept map


Be sure to reference the text
Each member of the group should
participate in each discussion
20 MINUTES
BRINGING IT ALL TOGETHER…

Extend your own discussion map by
adding 3 alternative viewpoints you
assimilated from the discussion
DISCUSSION IDEA
Counterargument
of immersing in
English to better
learn the language
Proposed by Hispanic-American
Parents complying
Social activists in the 60s
for the sake of the
children
supported by
Congress
an effort to
level the
playing field
BILINGUAL EDUCATION
How language can be a
family aria
family language used at school
family language
Is intimate
Rodriguez feels this cannot happen
soothing
sounds
of home
FOCUS QUESTION



In light of Rodriguez’ article,
explain why “family” language
should be music to our ears
Include at least one quote from his
article to support your ideas
Make a connection to the video Do
You Speak American? (This could be
a comparison or an actual quote in
one of your sentences.) eloquiently
15 minutes
AGENDA




Frozen clip
Close Reading Imitative WritingRodriguez
RAD writing
Choice Reading
Close Reading

P. 525 second to last paragraph

What do you notice?

Model paragraph
Replace, Add, Delete

Basically,
MAKE IT BETTER… MAKE IT… RAD!
Homework




Underline your CLAIM
Star any rhetorical schemes that you
purposely added
Circle any “elevated diction”
Bracket your quote(s) and squiggle a
line under your “bread” that goes WITH
your quote (in the same sentence)
Agenda



Visual Analysis
Review RAD writing
“Conversation” focus reading


P. 579/757
Choice Reading
Conversation





P. 579/757
Read ONE of the articles from that
section
Pg. 52(ish) of Composition Book
Write a purpose statement for that
entire piece (including fundamentals)
Pick ONE of the associated questions
to answer
AGENDA



Jigsaw homework in groups
“Currently” Journal
iPad work: Current Events
MISC.


The following slides and lessons
were not used in 2014 due to
cutbacks in subunits.
Keep slides for potential use in the
future
JIG-SAW ANALYSIS


In small groups, analyze
the assigned section of
George Orwell’s “Politics
and the English Language”
Prepare an activity to
teach us the “guts” of
his message
HOMEWORK



Read George Orwell’s “Politics and
the English Language”
Take it SLOW!
Make notes in one of the following
ways:



Concept map (10 concepts)
Bulleted lists of word categories
An outline
AGENDA
Daily
Infograph
George Orwell clip/ rewrite
Ellen DeGeneres on Proper English
Newspaper research
Bad-Writing Read-Around
A LITTLE ABOUT GEORGE ORWELL
VIDEO
CLIP
NEWSPAPER RESEARCH



Scour the newspaper, searching for
evidence of good/better/best
writing
Find what you consider to be an
interesting piece
Rewrite the article, deliberately
using difficult “empty” words
BAD-WRITING READ-AROUND
FOCUS QUESTION #16


Explain how Orwell is guilty of the
faults that characterize the writing
he is describing
Support your claim with at least two
quotes from the text
LANGUAGE LOOTING (if time)


Compare Toni Morrison’s and
Orwell’s ideas about language
Explain how Morrison moves from
language as a “victim” to language
as a “looter.” Is this a shift in blame
– or not?
AGENDA



Ellen DeGeneres clip
Daily Infograph
Read Tan, Thiong’o, Cao, Lee


Quadrant note-taking
SSR
ELLEN DEGENERES
ON PROPER ENGLISH
IN-CLASS READING





Read the following articles:
“Mother Tongue” (542-546)
Excerpt from Decolonizing the Mind
(547-555)
Monkey Bridge (568-569)
Native Speaker (569-570)
NOTE MAKING: QUADRANTS
Amy Tan
Lan Cao
Ngugi Wa Thiong’o
Chang-Rae-Lee
INCLUDE INFORMATION SIMILAR TO WHAT YOU WOULD
WRITE IN A PRECIS SUMMARY, ESPECIALLY INFORMATION
ABOUT HOW THE ARTICLE IS STRUCTURED – GOOD PRACTICE
FOR UPCOMING AP EXAM!
MAKING CONNECTIONS


Tan
What common thread runs
through all of the articles?
How does each author deal with
this issue?
Thiong’o
Cao
Lee
AGENDA
That’s
So Punny!
Daily Infograph
Amy Tan on writing
Professor John McWhorter on language
Family language and culture
AMY TAN
On Writing
LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
“Only with Aunt Mary and Uncle Michael could I give
myself an inheritance my parents never gave me:
the gift of language” (Cao 568).
Lan Cao
Professor John McWhorter
Ph.D. in
Linguistics,
Stanford University
Academic Specialty:
language change
and
Language contact
THE STORY OF HUMAN LANGUAGE
I
Language more than words
II
Communication among lower
animals: bees, apes (Washoe),
displacement, productivity
III
Spontaneous communication:
imitation, parrots
IV
When human language began
THE GIFT OF LANGUAGE

journal
Describe the gift of language given
to you by your family
AGENDA



Daily Infograph
Conversation (579-589)
Jigsaw activity
Conversation (579-589)
1. “How Much Wallop Can One Simple Word Pack?”
(Nunberg)

History and use of word “terror”
2. “The War of Words…” (Okrent)

“terrorist and terrorism” reporting in Middle East
4. “Pride to One is Prejudice to Another” (Milloy)

Sports teams names derived from Native Amer.
5. “Help Us Overthrow the Tall/Short Mafia” (Magliozzi)

The language of Starbucks
Conversation (579-589)
Assignment:
 Pick a section to read
 Highlight key points in notes
Author, Development, Purpose, Audience
Consider:
 How does “language” play a role?
 So what?
AGENDA


Focus Question
SSR
MAKING CONNECTIONS
FOCUS QUESTION #9
AGENDA

Visual Analysis and Deconstruction
Tone Review
SSR

Homework:





Bring in a “visual” to share
Write a GRAPESSS analysis on back
NEEDS TO BE PRINTED BEFORE CLASS
Visual Analysis Aspects
Zoom
 Particle


Wave


Close up
Mid way
Field

Distance
Location
 Focal Point
 Coloring
 Purpose
 Juxtaposition
Draw your own!


Pick a visual that you understand
well
Draw a particle, wave, field
representation of it
Tone Review


Handouts
While analyzing:


Establish tone of piece
Why is it such?
AGENDA




“The Californians”
Share visual pieces in groups
Present one to class
SSR
Have a safe and enjoyable
Spring Break!


The following are Misc. and Extra
Slides
Not used in 2013
AGENDA
“Bilingualism
in America”
Spanglish clip
Exit slip
SILENT READING


Read “Bilingualism in America:
English Should Be The Official
Language” (562-567)
Take notes on the way S.I.
Hayakawa structures his argument
Pros
1.
2.
3.
Cons
1.
2.
3.
Solution:
HOMEWORK


Read “Always Living in Spanish” by
Marjorie Agosin (556-558)
Prepare 1 question for guest
speaker on bilingual families, using
ideas from the readings (to turn in)
“Bilingualism in America”
Samuel Ichiye
Hayakawa
U.S. Senator
from California
PAIR/SHARE



How does S.I. Hayakawa structure
his argument that English should be
our official language?
What are his minor and major
premises?
How does he counter the
opposition?
FOCUS QUESTION #18



How would Marjorie Agosin address
Hayakawa’s proposal?
Write a letter that
either refutes or
concedes his points
Be sure to include
ideas from her article
“Always Living in
Spanish”
What do you notice?
Education
Work
Gender
Pop culture
Language
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