Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
INTRODUCTION - RATIONAL
Why do we do WHMIS training?
Legal Obligations
Required by the Occupational Health and Safety Act
Advise workers of hazards
Protect staff and students
Protect the environment
Protect our own families
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
INTRODUCTION
What is WHMIS?
WHMIS stands for
Workplace
Hazardous
Material
Information
System
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
INTRODUCTION – LEGISLATION
Federal Legislation
Ontario Legislation
The Hazardous Products Act
The Occupational Health and
Safety Act
The WHMIS Regulation
The Controlled Products Reg.
The Ingredient Disclosure List
The Hazardous Materials
Information Review Act
The Hazardous Materials
Information Review Reg.
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
INTRODUCTION – LEGISLATION
WHMIS
CLASSIFICATION
LABELS
MSDS
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TRAINING
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
INTRODUCTION – LEGISLATION
Training will include:
 Generic WHMIS training
• Taken by all employees once or more frequently as determined by
Administration
 Annual WHMIS review training
• Taken by all employees every year
 Secondary Module training
• Taken by Secondary Science, Technology, Visual Arts and Cooperative Education teachers once or more frequently as determined
by Administration
 Annual Secondary Module review training
• Taken by all Secondary Science, Technology, Visual Arts and Cooperative Education teachers every year
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
INTRODUCTION – LEGISLATION
What does WHMIS regulate?
WHMIS does not regulate:
»
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Explosives
Food & Drugs
Pesticides
Hazardous Wastes
Consumer Products
Wood & Wood Products
Tobacco & Tobacco Products
Manufactured Goods
Radioactive Materials
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
INTRODUCTION- RESPONSIBILITIES
Manufacturer/Supplier
Employer
• Classification
• Label all controlled
products as a condition of
sale
• Provide a MSDS as a
condition of sale
• Review and update MSDS
every three years
• Ensure that controlled
products are labeled or
identified
• Obtain an up to date
MSDS for all controlled
products used in the
workplace
• Educate workers
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
INTRODUCTION- RESPONSIBILITIES
Workers
• The right to know about hazardous materials you may be
exposed to on the job including the right to review labels
and MSDS and to receive training
• The right to be consulted in the content and delivery of the
training
• Responsible to report missing or illegible labels, missing
or out of date MSDS, and
• Responsible to work in a safe manner and follow all work
procedures required by the employer
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
TOXICITY - INTRODUCTION
What is toxicity?
Toxicity is an inherent physical property of a
substance to cause harm.
In order to be at risk, there must be exposure of an
individual to the toxic substance.
The degree to which the exposure may result in
harm is a determined by the dose.
Dose is a function of concentration over a period
of time.
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
ROUTES OF ENTRY - INHALATION
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
ROUTES OF ENTRY – SKIN CONTACT
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
ROUTES OF ENTRY – EYE CONTACT
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
ROUTES OF ENTRY - INGESTION
Ingestion of a hazardous material can occur
while eating or smoking after handling
hazardous materials if hands are not
properly washed.
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
TOXICITY – ACUTE VS CHRONIC
Acute:
• Single large dose
• Effects felt immediately or shortly after
• Mild effects usually reversible
Chronic
• Multiple, smaller doses over a long period of time
• Effects have long on-set period
• Effects usually not reversible
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
TOXICITY – CONTROLS
At the Source
• Substitution
• Isolation
Along the Path
• Ventilation
• Barriers
At the Worker
• Personal Protective Equipment (ppe)
• Administrative Controls
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
CLASSIFICATION
WHMIS requires the manufacturer of a
hazardous material to classify the material
according to its inherent physical properties
into one or more of 6 hazard classes.
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
CLASS A: COMPRESSED GAS
A compressed gas is a material that is normally in the
gaseous form at room temperatures.
Hazards:
• Explosion, Projectile
• Frost Bite
Precautions:
• Store securely, upright
and away from sources of
heat
• Do not puncture
• Protect valves
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
CLASS B: FLAMMABLE & COMBUSTIBLE
Class B is sub-divided into 6 divisions:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Flammable Gases
Flammable Liquids
Combustible Liquids
Flammable Solids
Flammable Aerosols
Reactive Flammable
Materials
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
CLASS C: OXIDIZING MATERIALS
Oxidizing materials cause/contribute to the combustion of
other materials.
Hazards:
• Fire
• Fire burns more
vigorously
Precautions:
• Keep away from
incompatible materials
and flammable or
combustible materials
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
CLASS D: POISONOUS & INFECTIOUS
Division D1: Toxic Immediate and Severe
Example:
Carbon Monoxide
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
CLASS D: POISONOUS & INFECTIOUS
Division D3: Biohazardous and Infectious
Example:
blood-contaminated
materials (Hepatitis A, B,
C, HIV)
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
CLASS D: POISONOUS & INFECTIOUS
Division D2: Other Toxic Effects
Examples:
Latex Paint
Solvents (e.g varsol)
Asbestos
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
CLASS E: CORROSIVE
Corrosives are materials that can attack and destroy on
contact human tissues, clothes, and other materials, even
metals.
Hazards:
• Burns to skin and eyes
• Respiratory irritation or
damage
Precautions:
• Use appropriate ppe
• Avoid splashing
• Avoid mist generation
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
CLASS F: DANGEROUSLY REACTIVE
These materials can undergo vigorous reactions when
heated, pressurized or agitated. They may also react with
water to evolve a poisonous gas.
Hazards:
• Thermal burns Respiratory
irritation or damage
Precautions:
• Use appropriate ppe
• Avoid incompatible materials
or conditions
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
LABELS
There are two types of labels:
1. Supplier Labels: Suppliers are required to ensure
that all containers of WHMIS Controlled
products they offer for sale are labeled with a
supplier label that meet the requirements of
WHMIS.
2. Workplace Labels:When a WHMIS Controlled
product is decanted from its original container or
if the Supplier label becomes illegible or lost, a
workplace label is required.
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
LABELS – SUPPLIER LABELS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Product Identifier
Supplier Identifier
Statement referring to the
MSDS
Hazard Symbol(s)
Risk Phrase
Precautionary Measures
First Aid Measures
Should you require a
workplace label, or have any
difficulty interpreting
information on a label,
contact your supervisor.
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
LABELS - WORKPLACE
1.
2.
3.
Product Identifier
Safe handling instructions
Statement referring to the
MSDS
Should you require a
workplace label, or have
any difficulty interpreting
information on a label,
contact your supervisor.
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) contain
product-specific information including hazardous
ingredients, first aid measures, health, fire and
reactivity data, safe handling instructions, and
special instructions for spills and waste disposal.
MSDS must be updated every 3 years.
You should always read the MSDS BEFORE
using a new product.
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
MSDS are kept in a binder located at the front of
the room.
Should you notice that an MSDS is missing or is
dated from more than 3 years ago, it is your
responsibility to tell your supervisor immediately.
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Occupational Health and Safety, Human Resources Services
CONCLUSION
•
•
•
•
•
Before using a new product, always read the
label and material safety data sheet!
If you have any questions about how to use the
product safely, ask your supervisor!
Make sure that you have the appropriate personal
protective equipment, that it is in good repair and
you know how to use it!
Always follow the instructions!
Work safe!
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WHMIS GENERIC TRAINING