Alan Turing Enigma Chris Jager Contents Introduction Childhood & Youth The Turing Machine Second World War Turing Test Turing’s Death References Questions Introduction Paper not finished (yet) A lot of information about the works of Turing Less information about the person itself Childhood & Youth (1) Father, Julius Mathison Turing, Indian Civil Service Mother, Ethel Sarah Stoney, daughter of chief engineer of the Madras Railways Brother, John Turing, London solicitor Alan Turing, born at 23rd of june, 1912 Childhood & Youth (2) Father went to India Grown up in different kind of families First Science book resulted in experiments “If he is to be solely a Scientific Specialist, he is wasting his time at a Public School “ Turing Machine (1) Christopher Morcom’s death 1931 King’s College “Could there exist, at least in principle, a definite method or process by which it could be decided whether any given mathematical assertion was provable” Turing Machine (2) Kurt Gödel : • “Any consistent system cannot be used to prove its own consistency“ • “In any consistent formalization of mathematics that is sufficiently strong to define the concept of natural numbers, one can construct a statement that can be neither proved nor disproved within that system“ Turing Machine (3) 1: A tape which is divided into cells, one next to the other. 2: A head that can read and write symbols on the tape and move left and right. 3: A state register that stores the state of the Turing machine 4: An action table (or transition function) Turing Machine (4) Universal Turing Machine Programs Paper in 1936: no method could decide whether an assertion is provable, “On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem” at Princeton University Lambda-calculus of Church Church-Turing thesis: “ Turing Machine (5) Church-Turing thesis: “Any computer program in any of the conventional programming languages can be translated into a Turing machine, and any Turing machine can be translated into most programming languages, so the thesis is equivalent to saying that the conventional programming languages are sufficient to express any algorithm” Turing Machine (6) Mechanical Turing Machine http://www.igs.net/~tril/tm/tm.html Second World War (1) 1918 Arthur Scherbius built the Enigma Before that, all coding systems were lingual based Advantage Enigma: Enigma machine useless when stolen, cypher produced was very difficult Polish were good at cracking codes Second World War (2) Second World War (3) Polish enable to crack the code Bought a commercial Enigma Called for help: mathematicians The French bought keys, couldn’t do anything with it Poland foresaw its invasion by Germany: gave all knowledge to England and France, destroyed it afterwards (1939) Second World War (4) Enigma machine exists out of: • Plugboard • 3/ 4/ 5 rotors • “mirror” rotor • http://www.enigmaco.de/ Second World War (5) 1939 Turing was asked to help to crack the Enigma Built with a team the Colussus, the first programmable computer Based on: • his own 1936 concept of the universal machine • the potential speed and reliability of electronic technology • the inefficiency in designing different machines for different logical processes Cyphercode could be decrypted from 1943 All computers were destroyed, ordered by Churchill Second World War (6) Second World War (7) Second World War (8) Turing Test (1) Because of the construction of the Colussus Turing thought it could be possible to construct a computer with the mind of a human being Wasn’t focused anymore on what a TM could NOT do, but could do “Turing was convinced that if a computer could do all mathematical operations, it could also do anything a person can do, a still highly controversial opinion“ Turing Test (2) Manchester University Neurology & physiology Neville Johnson Turing liked running very much: he even ran the Marathon http://www-history.mcs.standrews.ac.uk/history/Miscellaneous /Turing/Running.html Turing Test (3) 1950 “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” Turing Test 2000 a computer could pass Round 1990 no computer came near breaking through the test, and still there isn’t any computer who can Turing Test (4) Focused more on biology Used computers for his equations First one who used computers for that purpose Turing’s Death Arrested for being homosexual Accepted a year being treated with oestrogen Because of Cold War he was excluded from main projects He wasn’t accepted anymore Committed suicide by eating a cyanide poisoned apple, 8th of June 1954 References http://artzia.com/History/Biography/ Turing/ http://www.turing.org.uk/bio/part1.h tml http://www-history.mcs.standrews.ac.uk/history/Miscellaneous /Turing/Running.html http://www.enigmaco.de/ Questions?

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# Alan Turing - Institute for Computing and Information …