24 Feb 00
RIMPAC
2000
NH Camp Pendleton
Mercy
Fleet Hospital
Kernel Blitz ‘99
insertion
BES, BAS, STP
Essex
Surgical Company
Rim of the Pacific 2000



May - July 2000
Hawaiian OPAREA
Every 2 years
– seven nations
» US, UK, Canada, Australia
» Chile, Japan, Korea
SCENARIO / GEOGRAPHY
Kauai
Niihau
Kaula Rock
Oahu
Molokai
Honolulu
Maui
Lanai
Kahoolawe

Two Countries
– Orange
– Green
– Historical tensions along the border

Orange is the dominant military power
Hilo
Big Island
The missions we really do, most of the time…
•
Overwhelming stand-off firepower
– Specifically to minimize our own casualties
» Northern Watch, Southern Watch
» DS/DS, Desert Fox, Desert Thunder
» Kosovo, Afghanistan, Sudan
•
Humanitarian Operations
– SECNAV 1998 Christmas Message
– Often with significant risk
– ALWAYS with others. And we need to do it better.
Six years…

Indonesia

Haiti

Bosnia

Somalia

Eritrea

Sudan

Sierra Leone

Colombia

Kosovo

Afghanistan
USCINCPAC humanitarian efforts...
o
o
100 E
95 W
JTF Marianas
Typhoon Omar
Guam
COMNAVMARIANAS
JTF Sea Angel
Cyclone Marion
Bangladesh
CG, III MEF
JTF Prompt Return
Chinese Migrant Repatriation
Wake Island
ADC Ops, 25ID (L)
JTF Hawaii
Hurricane Iniki
Kauai
CG, USARPAC
JTF Bevel Edge
NEO
Cambodia
COMSOCPAC
JTF Provide Refuge
Chinese Migrant Repatriation
Kwajalein
ADC Ops, 25ID (L)
JTF Fiery Vigil
Mt. Pinatubo Eruption
Philippines
13AF/CC
o
17 E
JTF Pacific Haven
Kurdish Refugee Relocation
Guam
13 AF/CC
PACIFIC
COMMAND
o
92 W
The 1999 National Military Strategy document…
“It is imperative that our Joint Forces also enhance
their ability to operate in consonance with other US
government agencies, and with Non-governmental
Organizations (NGOs), International Organizations
(IOs), and Private Voluntary Organizations (PVOs)
in a variety of settings. The specialized access and
knowledge these organizations possess can
facilitate prompt, efficient action to prevent conflict,
resolve a crisis, mitigate suffering, and restore civil
government…”
“The military were actually the last players to
arrive on the scene, not the first…”
Haiti – A Case Study
National Defense University, 1996
Presidential Decision Directive #56
(on managing complex contingencies)
“The US government is one player
among many…”
Sometimes,
the best
information
comes from
outside the
US military.
Refugee Camp
Ngara, Tanzania, 1996
Pinatubo
Sarajevo, 1996
zmit, Turkey
September 1999
Earthquake relief warehouse
Izmit, Turkey
September 1999
CIVIL - MILITARY
OPERATIONS CENTER
UNICEF
INTERACTION
WORLD FOOD
PROGRAMME
DEPT OF
PEACEKEEPING
OPERATIONS
CARE
MILITARY
NGOs
&
PVOs
UN
CMOC
UN HIGH
COMMISSIONER
FOR REFUGEES
DOCTORS
WITHOUT
BORDERS
SAVE THE CHILDREN
INTERNATIONAL
RESCUE COMMITTEE
OTHER RELIEF &
BENEFIT ORGANIZATIONS
OFDA / DART
U.S.GOV
AGENCIES
ICRC
IFRC
JP 3-57, IV-18
COUNTRY
TEAM
AMERICAN
RED CROSS
Courtesy of
LT Randy Myrick
Civil-Military Operations Center
Virtual Workspace
Collaborative partners…
1. 1st Marine Expeditionary Force
2. Center of Excellence for Disaster Management and
Humanitarian Assistance (COE)
3. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
4. World Health Organization (WHO)
5. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), US-AID
6. UNICEF
7. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
8. Center for the Management of Information
Desirable traits in a CMOC…
1.
Physical security, with reasonable comfort
2.
Representation from all major participants
3.
Information accrual with effective dissemination
4.
Communication across all boundaries
5.
Encouragement toward collaboration
6.
Resource management
7.
Proximity to the area of interest
8.
Flexibility as circumstances alter
CMOC afloat on USS Coronado

Unique space dedicated to non-military support

NIPRNET, SIPRNET, HF, VHF, cellular

CENTAUR incident management software

GroupSystems collaborative software (CMI)

Multiple classification levels

Virtual Workspace management
– Logistics, Medical, Air Operations, Security
CMOC stations
CMOC in Action
CMOC
Third Fleet
C E N T A U R
Combined Event Notification Technology and Unified Reporting
Center of Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance
Humanitarian Assistance

The scenario…RIMPAC Phase 2H
–Strong Angel (internal name)
– Increasing violence against Green minority in Orange
– Green minority refugees massing in border mountains
» Ethnic Green crossing into Green, though Orange citizens
– Hazardous environment
– Basics in short supply
» water, shelter, medical care
RIMPAC Humanitarian Operation

Goals and Objectives (13)
– Civil-Military coordination
– Complex Emergency support

Mechanics
– Extent of the Civ-Mil exercise: 06 - 17 June
– Refugee management: 10 – 16 June
– 125 live participants (with daily flux)
– Camp developed from nothing on moonscape
– Sea-borne Joint logistics
» CSSG-3, Hawaii
Partners...



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






COMTHIRDFLT
MAGTF-3
PACFLT
PACOM
SOUTHCOM
MSC
MERCY
OSD
Canada
Australia
Japan











UNHCR
BUMED
Army
Air Force
COE
PAHO
UNICEF
OFDA
IFRC
WFP
DARPA
This group has never exercised together…
Timeline…
UN Coalition tasked by the Security Council to
respond to a refugee migration.
June 2000
Amphib
on
load
Amphib
off
load
Site
Team
06
UN
task
07
Camp
construction
08
09
Coronado
present
10
Refugees present
11
12
13
14
End
15
Break
down
16
Coronado
present
17
18
19
Hot
wash
Refugee volunteers…
• Source under consideration
• Red Cross, military dependents, others…
• 125 people, variable daily
• NOT real refugees!!!
• Range of humanity is most educational
• 12-70
• Both genders
• Chronic, stable medical conditions OK
• Safe in the boondocks for a few days
• Patient. Tolerant. Flexible. Cooperative.
• Incentive-free
Volunteers…

We’ll provide…
– Food (sort of…)
– Shelter (sort of…)
– Sanitation (really)
– Something like a plan
– Gratitude

You provide…
– Time
– Creative energy
– A sense of goodwill
Exercise design…

In-port training during the workup period

Measures Of Effectiveness
– Communications
– Logistics
– Medical
– Security
– Joint and Combined Force cooperation
– Civil-Military Cooperation
– Public Affairs
– Legal
Refugee
Management
Wiamea
Safe Haven
Hilo
Big Island
Big Island,
northwest tip
1
2
1 = K-docks
2 = Puu Paa
Airport Road entrance to both sites
Highway 190,
looking south
Puu Paa from the CMOC site
Puu Paa Refugee Camp site
Phase 2H Conceptual Layout
Recreation
Recreation
Route 190
Shower
Medical
Food Service
Admin
CMOC Area
C3F Housing
Bulk Storage
Refugee Area
CVB
CIB
C3F Housing
CMOC
Shower Pt
Bulk Storage
Experiments
Bulk Storage
CSSD Tentage
Waimea Airport
Approx. 3 kms
CMOC Layouts
OPS CELL FUNCTIONS
PLANING CELL FUNCTIONS
Daily Meeting (looking out 24-72 Hrs) Monitor Support Actions
Validate Support Requests
Establish Priorities
Coord Support
UN/NGO/IO/OFDA/JTF Policies
Exchange Information
Plan Transition
Plans Cell
Operations Cell
OFDA Dep Dir
COE
IO
NGO
UN HQ & JTF Personnel
Afloat Collaboration Center
CA Off
Ops NCO
UN
Ops Off
LNO
Plans Off
CA Off
DIr
Country Team Members & JTF/Components
Afloat CMOC
TRANSITION TO ASHORE CMOC
After the situation stabilizes ashore,
the Land Component will establish
a CMOC and members of the
UN/NGO/IOs will coordinate,
operate, and plan with the military
from the CMOC ashore
JTF Operations/Plans Cell
COE
IO
NGO
CA Off
HQ Personnel & JTF Staff
USS Coronado
CA Off
Dep Dir
DIr
Plans Off
OFDA
Ops NCO
UN
Component Operations/Plans Cell
Ops Off
LNO
CMOC
ASHORE
UHF
VHF
Systems
UN Country Tm/MARFOR & JTF Liaison
Parker Ranch
Stabilization and Transition to
Land Component Lead
3rd Flt CMOC (military only)
monitors the FHA ashore
CMOC
ASHORE
Component to JTF Operations/Plans Cell
DIr
CA Off
Plans Off
3rd Flt commences other
operations, UN HQ
personnel redeploy to
NY/etc….
UHF
VHF
Systems
UN, MARFOR, & JTF Liaison
Parker Ranch
RIMPAC...
Strong Angel...
Sea Breeze
Experimentation

Sea Breeze (C-B-R-E)
a) Suspicious exposure in arrivals
» Sudan-like
b) Internal biological event for camp intimidation
» Agro-terrorism

Information requirement
– TIDES Portal
– Translation on-site
– Expert knowledge off-site
Strong Angel Experiments (1):
1.
DARPA: TIDES Portal
1. (with Two-Way Translation and Interactive Drama)
•
2.
DARPA: One-Way Translation System
•
3.
POC: Eric Rasmussen, review by Allen Sears
DARPA: RIM Interactive Paging System
•

POC: Andy Merlino, review by Allen Sears
POC: Mike Hopmeier, review by Mark Prutsalis
ECU: Distributed Medical Intelligence
•
POC: David Balch, review by Dave Warner
Strong Angel Experiments (2):
7.
COE: Civil-Military Communications
•
8.
COE: CENTAUR Information Management
•
9.
POC: Enzo Bolletino, review by Annette Sobel
C3F: Solar Power in Disaster Response
•
10.
POC: Mark Prutsalis, review by Jim Rogers
POC: Eric Rasmussen, review by Jim Rogers
CMI: CommandNet Humanitarian Integration
•
POC: Mark Adkins, review by Jim Rogers
MERCY 2001
Mission to the Americas
Strong Angel
Metrics
Measures of Effectiveness
&
Measures of Performance
Communications

Understand mutual communications limitations
and develop workable solutions (MOP)

Provide pathway between strategic and field-level
IO personnel via the afloat CMOC (MOP)

Establish common effective and reliable voice and
data communication (MOE)
Logistics

Develop a cooperative logistics plan,
including procurement and distribution, with
all participants (MOP)

Establish a logistics infrastructure for
transitioning to civilian management (MOP)

Provide food, water, shelter, and sanitation
to SPHERE standards (MOE)
Medical

Establish sustainable water, food and sanitation
programs for transitioning to civilian
organizations (MOE)

Maintain a measles vaccination program per
WHO protocol (MOE)

Compare baseline Green health data to camp
data for trend analysis (MOE)
Security

Re-establish law and order for
transitioning to a civilian security force
(MOP)

Establish security boundaries to ensure
no camp support is available to
persistently belligerent forces (MOP)
Joint and Combined Military

Establish coordination between forces to
ensure synchrony of effort and provision of
necessary support (MOP)

Develop collaborative tools for the formation
and execution of a Joint and Combined Task
Force for the support of HA/DR operations
(MOE)

Understand the political and operational
support limitations of each service (MOP)
Civil-Military Interaction

Establish an effective afloat CMOC with
representatives from all agencies (MOE)

Establish an effective ashore CMIC using a selfcontained and deployable management center
(MOP)

Transition from CMOC to self-sustainment
(MOE)
Public Affairs

To be developed with the C3F and COE
PAOs
Legal

To be developed by the C3F and COE
counsels
Sea Breeze
Experimentation
Metrics
Milestones
1. TIDES Portal
Andy Merlino / Allen Sears

Use a commercial laptop computer to deliver an
effective small-footprint user interface to a remote
knowledge-synthesis source.

Deliver appropriate information in a usable form
within 24 hours of a field request

Establish a system for routine delivery of
unclassified information in an austere environment
2. Two-Way Translation
Cliff Weinstein / Lee Kollmorgen

Accrue translingual answers to three sealed and
scripted questions in a defined topic domain
through computer-based interaction

Use a commercial laptop to deliver simultaneous
computer-based translation in an austere
environment

Use local camp staff to accrue computer-based
translingual information with no more than four
hours training
3. One-Way Refugee Interviews
Eric Rasmussen / Lee Kollmorgen

Conduct an effective refugee registration to
UNHCR standards using local camp staff

Effectively capture an Event description using the
One-Way 2000 and a digital recorder.

Conduct an effective medical screening interview
to UNHCR standards using local camp staff
4. Advanced Collaborative Prototype
Bran Ferren / Mark Adkins

Conduct a meeting between civilian and military
collaborators

Independently evaluate participants for spatial and
temporal orientation

Communicate with three other shipboard spaces
using voice and data

Communicate off-hull from the room using four
distinct modes of communication
5. Interactive Drama
Lee Kollmorgen / Annette Sobel

Bio: Accrue new information concerning a biological
exposure symptom complex using voice interaction
with a computer

Chem: Develop a Course of Action for chlorine
exposure

Rad: Develop a Course of Action and an exposure
risk table for the finding of an unshielded Cobalt-60
source

Envirotoxic: Establish a prophylaxis plan against
organophosphate pesticide intoxication
6. RIM Interactive Paging System
Mike Hopmeier / Mark Prutsalis

Establish communication between two RIM pagers
on opposite sides of the refugee camp

And between the refugee camp and the CMOC site

And between the refugee camp and UNICEF
Security in New York

And between the refugee camp and UNHCR in
Geneva
7. Civil-Military Communications
Mark Prutsalis / Jim Rogers

Exchange scripted voice information between World
Food Programme representatives and the Third
Fleet Battle Watch Captain with a ten minute
response

Exchange scripted voice information over nonmilitary HF radio from the CMOC site to the Adv
Collaborative Workspace aboard Coronado

Convey binary data over HF radio from the CMOC
site ashore to the Afloat CMOC
8. Ultra-Small Aperture Terminal
John Hines / Dave Warner

Exchange data between the CMOC Site ashore and
a second site at 1.55Mb or better.

Exchange data at T1 rates within 3 hours of the
system tasking at the CMOC site ashore

Maintain T1 or better connectivity 20 hours each
day while refugees are present
9. CENTAUR
Enzo Bolletino / Annette Sobel

Manage dynamic refugee accountability to UNHCR
standards using commercial laptops

Conduct effective medical screening with initial registration

Tag each refugee with unique and effective evidence of
registration

Accrue and disseminate accurate refugee demographic
reports by 2100 each evening that refugees are present

Establish effective and dynamic refugee accountability
reports within the first 24 hours

Establish effective and dynamic refugee epidemiology
reports within the first 24 hours
10. Solar Power
Eric Rasmussen / Jeff Lewis

Transport to the CMOC Site in a single SUV enough
solar power capacity for the following:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–


Laptop computer (2)
Inkjet printer (1)
Cell phone charger
VHF handheld charger
HF radio
HF data modem
Tent lighting
Power the above list without interruption for 5 days
Achieve self-contained shortwave reception ashore
11. CommandNet
Mark Adkins / Mark Prutsalis

Establish information complementarity between
Command Net and CENTAUR

Establish a system for routine exchange of
unclassified information in an austere environment
12. Distributed Medical Intelligence
David Balch / Dave Warner

Receive an effective, referenced answer to a
refugee-based medical question within one hour of
the request

Accrue physiological information within the refugee
camp and analyze it remotely

Exchange medical information about a refugee
using four different communications options.
MERCY 2001
Mission to the Americas
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