Voivodship Labour Office
in Gdańsk
Monika Dapczyńska
EURES Adviser
Haugesund and Stavanger,
5-6 th September 2012
Current situation in employment market
for engineers – general unemployment
rate
General unemployment rate in Poland in June 2012
Current situation in employment market
for engineers:
There is no exact data but unemployment rate for engineers but it
seems to be rather low.
Only about 16 078 engineers were registered in labour offices in Poland in
the end of 2011 which is about 0,81% of all unemployed people.
The percentage of unemployed up to 27 years of age who completed higher
studies (there is no differentiation between types of higher education) is 1%
of 12,4% of the general unemployment rate in Poland for June 2012.
Generally speaking, engineers rarely register themselves in labour offices as
jobseekers. Most engineers are employed (working during their studies) but
they’re often searching for better working conditions, salary and more
opportunities for self-development).
Current situation in employment market for
engineers
Types of engineers looking for employment
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Agriculture Engineers
Civil Engineers in general construction (recently
reduced demand for this kind of specialist in
Poland)
Animal Production Engineers
Food Technology Engineers
Horticultural Engineers
Chemical Engineers (especially young graduates)
Electronics Engineers
Mechanical Engineers - machinery and equipment
Polish engineers looking for employment
Occupations and specializations
Agriculture Engineer
Animal Production Engineer
Civil Engineer - general construction
Number of unemployed registered (end of 2011)
2 154
1 113
1 109
Food Technology Engineer
Mechanical Engineer - machinery and equipment
900
748
Horticultural Engineer
Electrical Engineer
Production Planning and Control Engineer
Electronics Engineer
Chemical Technology Engineer
Computer Network and Systems Engineer
708
628
604
584
504
500
Civil Engineer– waste management
Mechanical Engineer - mechanical technology
455
411
Mechanical Engineer - transport
Civil Engineer – sanitary systems
Forest Engineer
Civil Engineer - hydrology
Automation Engineer
Telecommunication Engineer
Materials Engineer
389
386
370
294
277
275
252
Civil Engineer - HVAC
Land Management Engineer
Textile Engineer
Others
243
205
202
2 767
Situation of young graduates – Gdańsk
University of Technology
Information about graduates of the Gdańsk University of Technology
(research carried out on graduates of 2009 and 2010)
•
91,9 % of graduates are employed
Graduates employment rate according to faculty
Faculty of Electrical and Control Engineering
91.7
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering
100
Faculty of Ocean Engineering and Ship Technology
86.4
Faculty of Electronics Telecommunications and Informatics
96.4
Faculty of Architecture
94.7
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
91.3
Chemical Faculty
78.1
Faculty of Menagement and Economics
92.4
Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics
95.2
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Situation of young graduates – Gdańsk
University of Technology
•
78,8 % work in accordance with the profession
Work in occupation according to faculty
Faculty of Electrical and Control Engineering
91.7
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering
100
Faculty of Ocean Engineering and Ship Technology
81.8
Faculty of Electronics Telecommunications and Informatics
91.1
Faculty of Architecture
93
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
92
Chemical Faculty
71
Faculty of Menagement and Economics
59.4
Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics
68.2
0
•
about 80% are satisfied with their job
20
40
60
80
100
120
Current situation in employment market for
engineers
In 2011 over 23 thousand engineers have graduated in Poland and this
number is growing every year. About 3-5 % of engineers leave our
country to work abroad.
From the survey carried out by Data Bank of Engineers (Bank Danych
o Inżynierach) it appears that if graduates have the opportunity to work
abroad 27,9% of them choose Norway as their destination country
(This is the most popular choice). The runner up is Germany with less
than 20%.
The reasons for moving to Norway are:
• favorable working culture,
• stable economic situation
• competitive salaries.
Education of engineers in Poland
Higher education in engineering in Poland is provided in two types of tertiary
institutes:
1) technical universities ("Politechniki") and
2) higher schools of professional education ("Wyższe Szkoły Zawodowe").
The first type is accredited by the European Federation of National Engineering
Associations (FEANI) and is included in it’s INDEX. It comprises of the
universities of technology "Politechnika", "Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza" and
engineering faculties at agricultural academies "Akademia Rolnicza"
and "Akademia Rolniczo-Techniczna".
Education system – titles awarded
•
Inżynier
Bachelor, BSc: The 1st level studies in Poland and is completed by
obtaining a diploma and being awarded a BSc degree, normally 3 - 4
years.
•
Magister inżynier
Master’s degree, MSc: The 2nd level studies and is completed by
obtaining a diploma and being awarded a MSc degree.
Subsequent to the Bologna agreement, the majority of Universities of
Technology are offering two-tier programs leading to a Bachelor in
Engineering (3-4 years) and Master’s degree (1,5- 2 years). Only in a
few disciplines (mostly in the area of medicine) a long-cycle of 5-6
years programs result in Master degrees.
Education system – titles awarded
The titles "Magister inżynier" ("Mgr inż.") and "Inżynier" ("Inż.") are legally
protected.
To be awarded any of the above titles the student must complete all subjects and
internships in the curriculum, must submit and defend a diploma project or thesis
and pass a diploma examination. Upon graduation, each student receives a
diploma in a specific field of study, two copies of the diploma, a diploma
supplement. Upon request a diploma and diploma supplement in foreign
languages can be provided.
Some tertiary institutions provide part time courses where students are required
to attend two full days, every second week-end. The duration of the studies
(which result in the "Inż." title) is 4-4,5 years. These courses have not been yet
accepted by FEANI.
Education system – titles awarded
•
Doktor
PhD: Awarded to a person who has passed doctoral examinations,
submitted and defended a doctoral dissertation Rozprawa doktorska.
Holding the professional title of magister or its equivalent is a
necessary condition for the Doktor's degree.
•
Doktor habilitowany
Awarded to a person who holds the Doktor's degree, has significant
scholarly or artistic achievements, has submitted a dissertation
Rozprawa habilitacyjna and has undergone the successive stages of
review, debate and defense.
•
Profesor
Professorship is an academic title within a specified field of science.
Accreditation system
Which marks are good and/or average?
• Very good: 5
• Good: 4
• The average: 3
What should the employer be looking for concerning marks?
That which is of more importance than marks is the experience gained during
an individual’s studies. Most students work during the last years of their
education. Additional training, internships, practical placements and
participation in academic projects should be reviewed.
Polish students are well known for their initiatives and projects valued even
on international stage, for example: PW Sat was the first Polish satellite
testing the deorbitation technique and innovative solar panels.
Taking the responsibility of the team leader in an academic project allows a
student to develop specific interpersonal skills which are useful later, when
required to build up good relations with both clients and coworkers.
Universities in Poland that provide
engineering degrees
1. Warsaw University of Technology (Politechnika Warszawska) - http://eng.pw.edu.pl/
2. Wroclaw University of Technology (Politechnika Wrocławska) http://www.portal.pwr.wroc.pl/index,242.dhtml
3. University of Science and Technology (Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława
Staszica w Krakowie) - http://www.agh.edu.pl/en
4. Łódź University of Technology (Politechnika Łódzka) - http://www.p.lodz.pl/en/index.htm
5. Silesian University of Technology (Politechnika Śląska w Gliwicach) http://www.polsl.pl/en/Strony/0_welcome.aspx
6. Gdańsk University of Technology (Politechnika Gdańska) - http://www.pg.gda.pl/en/
7. Poznań University of Technology (Politechnika Poznańska) - http://www.put.edu.pl/
8. Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna im. Jarosława Dąbrowskiego w Warszawie – Military
University of Technology - http://www.wat.edu.pl/
9. West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin ( Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet
Technologiczny w Szczecinie) - http://www.zut.edu.pl/home/news/current-news.html
10. Cracow University of Technology (Politechnika Krakowska im. Tadeusza Kościuszki) http://www.en.pk.edu.pl/
11. Czestochowa University of Technology (Politechnika Częstochowska)
http://www.pcz.pl/english/
Universities in Poland that provide
engineering degrees
12. Opole University of Technology (Politechnika Opolska) - http://www.po.opole.pl/en/
13. Bialystok University of Technology (Politechnika Białostocka) - http://www.pb.edu.pl/en/
14. Rzeszów University of Technology (Politechnika Rzeszowska im. Ignacego Łukasiewicza)http://portal.prz.edu.pl/en/
15. Lublin University of Technology (Politechnika Lubelska)- http://en.pollub.pl/
16. Kielce University of Technology (Politechnika Świętokrzyska w Kielcach) http://www.tu.kielce.pl/en/
17. University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz (Uniwersytet TechnologicznoPrzyrodniczy im. J. i J. Śniadeckich w Bydgoszczy) - http://www.utp.edu.pl/en/index.php
18. Koszalin University of Technology (Politechnika Koszalińska) http://www.tu.koszalin.pl/eng/
19. University of Bielsko Biała (Akademia Techniczno-Humanistyczna w Bielsku-Białej) http://www.ath.bielsko.pl/english/
20. Politechnika Radomska im. Kazimierza Pułaskiego http://pr.radom.pl/index.php?ServiceName=en.pr.radom.pl
21. Gdynia Maritime University (Akademia Morska w Gdyni) - http://www.am.gdynia.pl/en/
22. Szczecin Maritime University (Akademia Morska w Szczecinie) http://www.am.szczecin.pl/en/
English Language
By what age do people start learning English in Poland?
During primary school English is a compulsory subject.
It is very current to learn English even in nursery schools.
During the first years of tertiary studies it is required to take a language
course, for example at the Gdańsk University of Technology one can choose
between: English, German, Spanish, Italian, French, Russian, Japanese and
Swedish. English is the most popular subject to enroll in.
English Language
Most Universities of Technology in Poland provide engineer studies in
English on all levels in chosen specialization. This may vary from
University to university and it can be checked on each institutes website.
These studies are often entirely free of charge, as they are co-financed by
the European Union. The candidates wishing to study in English
registers at the same time as the candidates for the studies in Polish,
and they are subject to the same qualification procedure. The
recruitment criteria are the same regardless of the language used to
teach during the courses. However, the candidates for the studies in
English are required to prove an excellent command of English by
submitting an appropriate language certificate. It is worth mentioning,
that graduating from the studies in English provides an opportunity for
a building license application, after certain legal requirements are
fulfilled. After a two-year practical training period, the graduates also
have a chance to apply for the European Union engineer degree, which
is accepted in all European Union countries
Norwegian courses
Norwegian classes are provided on few Universities (in Gdańsk, Poznan,
Toruń and Warsaw), in Polish-Norwegian Association in Warsaw and in
many private schools.
Polish-Norwegian Association in Warsaw since1963 organizes
Norwegian language courses on three different levels: basic,
intermediate and advanced. Each year there are about 40-50
participants taking 70-140 lessons. There is also possibility to organize
special courses for different professions. Contact: [email protected]
Many private schools offer Norwegian courses.
Very common courses are short, intensive courses preparing people to
work abroad, concentrated on speaking and communicating in
Norwegian. Some are even targeted on special professions in different
branches.
Work culture
Average work hours for engineers - Full time = 40h/week or individual
agreement (max 8h/day)
Salary for engineers (Average per year)
The average salary for engineers in Poland is 7 000 - 8 000 PLN gross per
month which is about 168 000 -192 000 NOK per year.
What are the relationships like between management and employees? Is there
a hierarchy?
In most cases there is rigorous hierarchy in Polish companies. An Engineer
might start as an assistant or junior engineer and will then advance to the
position of specialist, project manager, and general manager and so on.
In a more international environment the relationships are rather horizontal with
a team leader/manager cooperating with other team members.
Candidates with leadership skills might then easily be promoted to managerial
position with salary about 360 000 NOK per year.
Challenges
The biggest challenge is the fact that Polish companies are very interested
in recruiting. In fact about 60% of Polish companies need engineers
especially mechanical engineers, electricians and metallurgy and
mining engineers. There is also the competition from German,
American and Arabic Countries labour markets as these companies are
also actively recruiting Polish Engineers.
Taking into account that Polish workers are looking for stable labour
market, good salary and high working culture, Norway should still
remain a favorite destination. Help with travel, accommodation and
bringing their family (work for spouse, information about nursery,
schools, work place well communicated with bigger cities etc.) would be
very appreciated. If a candidate perceives that an employer is willing to
support him/her in the relocation process, it will create more motivation
to accept an offer.
Challenges
Important factors when choosing employer (based on research carried out on
graduates from Gdańsk University of Technology)
Prospects for career/promotion
58.8
Work in accordance with the profession
49.4
Interesting job
47.2
Localization
40.9
Prestige of the company
30.6
Good atmosphere
29.4
Extra benefits
7.8
Attractive staff trainings
7.5
Others
4
Family matters
3.8
Personal contacts
2.2
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Recruitment events and interviews
We can organize a recruitment day (or days - depending on the needs and
capabilities of employers) in our office in Gdańsk. We have experience in
organizing such events and we have available a conference room for about 50
people and smaller rooms for the single interviews.
We can organize such an event whenever it is suitable for the employer, but to
attract the appropriate candidates we need a sufficient amount of time. In this
instance, November will be good month as it provides more than 1 month after
the workshop to assist companies in finding the right candidates.
Organizing such an event is dependent on getting written information from the
employer via EURES in Norway. We require an overview of which candidates
the employer is looking for and how many positions are available.
Recruitment events and interviews
Steps to successful recruitment
The following steps should be taken:
• Contact your local NAV EURES advisor and provide written
information, as stated above
• write the job offer(s) ,including salaries, in our template and submit
them to NAV EURES
• NAV EURES will quality control all offers and will then forward them till
EURES in Poland
• EURES in Poland will promote the offers via our labour offices,
newspapers, portals etc.
• Collect the CV’s (preselecting included if needed)
• Set the date for interviews along with EURES in Norway and Poland
and inform candidates
• Travel to Poland for the recruitment meeting(s) (Travel expenses are
on the company’s cost)
• Submit an evaluation of the event and EURES’ services
• Report how many candidates have received positions by informing
NAV EURES.
Recruitment events and Interviews
If there are not enough candidates
interested in coming to Gdańsk
(northern part of Poland), we can
arrange a few recruitment days in
different cities with big technical
universities like Warsaw, Wroclaw
or Łódź. The employer can then
come to Poland for 2-3 days and
visit Gdańsk (north), Warsaw
(middle) and Wroclaw (south part
of Poland). It would then be easier
for suitable candidates from
different parts of Poland to come
for interviews.
Recruitment events and Interviews –
Engineer Job Fair
•
There is also an opportunity to take part in Engineer Job Fair which is
organized each year on our Gdańsk University of Technology. This is a
quite big and well organized job fair with over 30 exhibitors. We would
like to suggest to promote the Norwegian job offers before this event
and that the companies collect the CVs beforehand and schedule job
interviews to take place during this event. The employers could not only
meet the selected candidates but also present their company to an
even bigger public (students and graduates) on the exhibition stand.
This job fair is organized probably in March 2013.
Recruitment events and Interviews –
Engineer Job Fair 2011
Recruitment events and Interviews
How to apply for participation?
First step is always contacting your local NAV EURES advisor.
What can You expect concerning advertising of positions, before the
event?
EURES Poland can advertise all positions in the different labour offices in
whole of Poland (on their websites and on the national database). We
can also advertise it in the press (connected with job searching) and in
Careers Service Centers on Technical Universities. EURES Poland will
have to use different advertising methods to reach different target
groups.
Practical tips
•
•
•
•
•
You should submit your advertisements for positions as soon as
possible, and at least a minimum of one month before the interviews.
Presentation about the company at the event is very useful. It can be
presented for bigger group before the individual interviews.
The dress code is casual. We recommend a minimum 2 interviewers,
so they can divide the workload. More than 3 interviewers might make
the applicant feel intimidated.
You should provide a list of candidates to EURES so we can assist you
on the day. We can also help you to schedule the interviews and call
the candidates.
What type of questions to candidates is not appropriate? - Questions
about sexual orientation, religion, political orientation and pregnancy.
Thank you for attention!
Monika Dapczyńska
EURES Adviser
Regional Labour Office in Gdańsk
[email protected]
Descargar

Tytuł prezentacji - Norsk olje og gass