The Synergetics of Science and
Action Research in the Practical
Integration of TOK and Group
Presented by Lorne Young
to VRA April 21-23, 2006
Why Synergetics?
Why the Synergetics of Science and
Synergy is one of the fundamental
General Principles of the Universe
and one of the least understood
The whole is greater than the sum of its parts
The behaviour of the whole is unpredictable by
knowing the behaviour of the individual parts
taken separately. RBF
Corollary: If you know the behaviour of the whole
and the behaviour of some of the parts, you may
be able to discover some of the others parts. RBF
Examples: 1. Gravity
2. Solar System
3. Salt
General Principles
A generalization in an English or History
essay usually means that the material was
covered too superficially to be convincing
or of much use.
A generalization in Science means a concept,
idea, or law that has been found to be true in
every case.
For example: Leverage
Buckminster Fuller employed
Synergy in many areas
Synergetics of Science and
By applying the General Principle of
Synergy to Science and Spirituality we
can anticipate discovering new, emergent
and previously unpredictable behaviours.
 We can anticipate discovering previously
unknown parts.
 This is discovery and one discovery often
leads to further discoveries.
What do we know?
What do we know?
How do we know?
How do we know?
Brain Research
Left and Right Brain
Left Brain
Looks at parts
Right Brain
Looks at wholes
Two different
paradigms, two
different ways of
Science and Spirituality
The 5 Monkey Experiment
'A new scientific truth does not triumph by
convincing its opponents and making them see
the light, but rather because its opponents
eventually die, and a new generation grows up
that is familiar with it.'
Max Planck
Two different paradigms
Outward looking
Rigorous investigations
Machines, telescopes, lasers,
particle accelerators
Inward looking
No machines only the mind
and meditation
Parallels between Scientific methodology
and the Left Brain
Rigorous investigations
Machines, telescopes, lasers, particle accelerators
No machines, the mind and
Left Brain
Reductionist (Looks at parts)
Right Brain
Looks at wholes
Philosophy and Methodology of
Eastern and Western Cultures
the Right Hemisphere
Turned inward
Search for truth
through introspection,
the Left Hemisphere
Turned outward
Search for truth by
reductionism, analysing and
through reason
A Brief History and the Main
Western Science
Bohm, Bell, Pribram, Aspect
Buckminster Fuller
Siddhartha Gautama-Buddha
Lao Tzu
Lodro Taye
Gen Lamrimpa
D.T. Suzuki
Lama Govinda
Tenzin Gyatso- the 14th Dalai
Nagarjuna and Buckminster Fuller
Heisenberg and the Dalai Lama
Galileo and D.T. Suzuki
Buddha and David Bohm
Murti and Erwin Schrodinger
Einstein and Lao Tsu
Our Western paradigm
Our Western paradigm tends to be skeptical
of the intuitive, inward method and places
more value on the scientific method,
especially in the areas of describing reality,
how the universe and the cosmos works,
and our ideas of space, time, matter, energy,
and even our consciousness
The concept of Space
according to the Buddha and
Who Said What?
“The concept of space,
detached from any
physical content does
not exist”
“If there is only empty
space, then space loses
its substantiality”
Who said what?
Is there any difference?
Buddha and Einstein
Buddha and Einstein lived over 2 thousand
years apart and separated by several
continents and yet, although they were
brought up in different cultures and were
schooled in completely different
methodology ie Science and Spirituality,
they both discovered many of the same
truths…the same understanding, the same
The concept of Space
according to the Buddha and
Who Said What?
“The concept of space,
detached from any
physical content does
not exist”
“If there is only empty
space, then space loses
its substantiality”
The Concept of Time from the
Western Scientific Paradigm and the
Western Scientific Paradigm
Eternally and always
there is only now, one
and the same now; the
present is the only
thing that has no end.
The past and future are
both rolled up in this one
moment of now.
DT Suzuki
Paradox from East and West
Be vacant and you will
remain full,
Lao Tsu
Everything is held
together by being
pulled apart.
Buckminster Fuller
On Truth
Truth is what stands
the test of experience
The real meaning of
the truth …must be
directly experienced
On the Human Experience
The true value of a
human being is
determined by his
liberation from the
The perfect man has
no self.
Unity and Duality
Unity can only be
manifested by the
Binary. Unity itself
and the idea of Unity
are already two.
Unity is plural and at
minimum two
Spiritual Traditions
Buddhist, Taoist,
Hinduism, Zen, Sufism,
(and for that matter
Kaballah and Mystical
Christianity) do differ in
the some of the details of
their beliefs BUT they are
in general agreement in
possibly the most
fundamental of all
…the awareness of the
unity and the
interrelatedness of all
things and events.
Everything is part of
the One. Different
aspects of the same
ultimate reality.
In Taoism it is called
the Tao
In Buddhism it is
called Dharmakaya
In Hinduism it is
called Brahman
Buddhists also call it Tathata or
“ What is meant by the soul as suchness, is
the oneness of the totality of all things, the
great all-including whole” Ashvaganda
Everyday Life
according to Eastern Mystics
The Two Truths
The two truths doctrine in Buddhism differentiates
between two levels of truth, a commonsense truth, and an
"ultimate" truth or between a relative and an absolute truth.
In our everyday existence we are not aware of this unity,
but rather see and experience things as separate objects and
Mystics understand that this experience is necessary to live
in this environment but that it is not the fundamental aspect
of reality.
This is an abstraction created by our mind, our intellect.
They would say that these abstractions are
illusions (maya).
 These illusions are based on ignorance
 The way to see through the illusion is to
center and train the mind through
 The Sanskrit word for meditation is
samadhi or “mental equilibrium”
“Entering into samadhi of purity, one
obtains all-penetrating insight that enables
one to become conscious of the absolute
oneness of the universe.” Ashvagosha
Theory of Emptiness
This view states that all things and events are “empty” of
any intrinsic and absolute existence.
They come into being due to the aggregation of multiple
causes and conditions.
Their material existence is dependent upon their
relationships to other things
"emptiness" is considered to be the ultimate truth of all
things and events.
this fundamental truth about the nature of reality is
understood best through a language of interdependence
and interrelationship of things.
Einsteinian Relativity, Quantum
Mechanics and the Theory of
The same notion of oneness and
interconnectedness of all things also emerges as a
fundamental concept in atomic science.
This hasn’t always been the case. This is a new
revelation (early 20th century) as it goes against
the classical, Newtonian-Gallilean, Cartesian,
reductionist ideas of reality
Descartes, Galileo and Newton
(late 16th-early 17th Centuries)
The model of the
universe that they
developed dominated
and influenced thought
for almost 300 years.
The Newtonian, Cartesian, Reductionist
or Classical Physics
The universe is made
up of separate
individual parts that
are assembled like the
components of a
Hence the term
Mechanistic view of
the world, and
clockwork universe.
By breaking
something down into
its parts
(reductionism) we
could understand how
the whole worked.
“Cogito ergo sum”
I think, therefore I am.
This quote from
Descartes identifies
man with his mind
instead of with his
entire being.
The mind is separate
from the body and
needs to control it
This sets up the
internal separation and
conflict between
consciousness and the
This inner split
seemed to mirror the
outer world with its
separate objects and
This fragmentation,
separation, division
was then extended to:
-cultures, races and
societies, us against
-the environment: man
against nature, our
ecological problems
This mechanistic
paradigm provided
great advances in
science and
technology (we used
Newtons equations to
put men on the moon)
but simultaneously led
to serious problems
Century Paradigms
The world/universe is a machine, a thing
 All particles separate from everything else
 Man and nature are separate from each
 Time and Space are absolute, the same
everywhere for everyone
Evolution of the Revolution
The end of the 19th century saw the Michelson-Morley experiment
which measured the speed of light.
Discovery of the electron (Thompson). The invisible becomes visible
and real. Didn’t make the news at first…it was invisible.
Einsteinian Relativity 1905, the Universe is not a thing but a process.
Matter and energy are one: E=mc2
– Time and Space are NOT absolute but are relative
Quantum Physics 1910- subatomic particles had no meaning in
isolation…they only had meaning in relationship with everything else.
They only became real once we observed them.
Planck, Schrondinger, Heisnberg, Bohr, Pauli, Bell, Bohm
String Theory, M Theory, 11 Dimensional Universe, Parallel Universes
Quantum Mechanics
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
Elementary particles do not exist separate
from the measurement made of them.
 The position or location of an electron only
has a tendency, a potential, a probability to
exist in a certain place
Quantum Physics
Found that:
-the tiniest bits of matter were not even matter
(we measure their mass in energy units!!)
-sometimes they were one thing and
sometimes something else
-Sometimes they were many possible things
all at the same time
Matter and Energy
Matter is energy
“There are no Solids in Universe”
“The constituents of atoms are dynamic
patterns of energy, which do not exist as
isolated entities, but as integral parts of an
inseparable network of interactions.” Fritjof
This is the illusion that both Eastern Mystics and
High energy physics speak of.
“All phenomena in the
world are nothing
more but an illusion of
the mind and have no
reality on their own.”
Einstein or
"Reality is merely an
illusion, albeit a very
persistent one."
Einstein or
Hopi Indians of North America
Where we would say, "That is a tree,"
 the Hopi would say, "That appears to be a
Common Sense
If the idea of an objective,
independent, solid, real
world is wrong, then why
does it seem so right?
Einstein, Podolsky, Rosen
and Bell’s Theorem
One of the more fascinating ideas to come
out of the Quantum physics theory is John
Bell’s Theorem and Alain Aspect’s
Bell’s Theorem, Alain Aspects experiment
 Invisible information
“Both/And” versus “Either/Or”
This is what we see on
the screen with the light
passing through one slit.
This is the corresponding
wave pattern with the light
passing through one slit.
This is what we actually
see on the screen with
the light passing through
two slits
This is the actual wave
pattern with light
passing through two
This golfer graphic reminds
us of the reality we are all
experiencing, but golf ball
interference patterns are
The golfer tries to hit the
blue-color tainted golf balls
through the slits, where those
who get through make two
imprint lines.
Electron (Matter)
Electrons demonstrate
Electrons are Waves?
Even though just one particle is
fired at a time, we see
interference patterns on the
screen. However, we do not see
the paths of the particles as in the
drawing, but they represent the
Feynman explanation for the
particle passage through the two
This is the multiple Feynman
paths for just one particle from
the particle gun to the screen.
The explanation requires the
particle to pass through all
possible paths and thus on the
way interfere with itself after
passing through the two slits
This is what we actually
see at the moment that
the photoelectric cell
detector is switched on at
either of the two slits.
This is the actual wave
pattern with light, or
individual particles,
being detected with
photoelectric cells,
passing the slits.
"Quantum theory forces us to see the universe not as a
collection of physical objects, but rather as a complicated
web of relations between the various parts of a unified
whole... All (physical) particles are dynamically
composed of one another in a self-consistent way, and in
that sense can be said to 'contain' one another. In (this
theory), the emphasis is on the interaction, or
'interpenetration,' of all particles."
Fritjof Capra
Revolution and New Paradigm
Revolution: from the word revolve, or to go
around, return to where it once was, coming
around full circle.
New Paradigm: will come as a result of synergy
and the integration of the latest experimental
results from science with the most ancient spiritual
beliefs on the planet, coming around full circle.
Are we on the Verge of a Revolution?
A revolution of the way we understand the
Universe and our place in it?
A revolution of how we understand our very
A revolution of a new paradigm?
Either/Or; Both/And
The misconceptions regarding the
contradictions and incompatability between
the Scientific Way of Knowing and the
Mystic/Spiritual Way of knowing may be a
little clearer now.
Both recognize that to understand/perceive reality
we need to see that:
1. All phenomena are connected in a web of
2. Every perspective is relative and changed by the
3. All things are in process of change and are
therefore impermanent
4. Matter and energy are 2 aspects of the same
thing, 2 sides of the same coin
Common Sense
If the idea of an objective,
independent, solid, real
world is wrong, then why
does it seem so right?
Flat earth, round earth
 Geocentric, heliocentric
 Our experience is limited
 But it is useful…Newtonian mechanics is
very useful.
 Expand our experience to include more
subtle observations…synergy
Change the Paradigm
As our knowledge becomes wider, we must
always be prepared…to expect alterations in
the point of view best suited for the
ordering of our experience.
Neils Bohr
Three examples of areas of practical
1. Synergy/Synergetics (wholism) and
Energetics (reductionism)
 2. Holographic brain, Holographic Universe
(science) and the Microcosm/macrocosm of
ancient eastern mysticism
 3. Magnetic Field Resonance, synergy of
East and West
A hologram is a 3 dimensional image made from
the interference pattern of laser light.
Holograms can be seen from different
You can walk around and see different sides of the
object, but when you reach for it…it is not there. It
is not real …it is a projection of the
information stored in the
interference pattern.
A Very Famous Hologram
Holograms are formed from a phenomenon known
as interference.
When 2 waves cross each other, whether they be
water waves, sound waves, radio waves or light
waves, they will produce interference patterns
By splitting a beam of laser light, and allowing
one beam to reflect off an object, and the other to
go directly to a photographic film, they will
produce an interference pattern (information) that
is recorded on the plate.
When you look at the plate all you see are
concentric circles of alternating dark and
light bands…the interference patterns as
you might see in a pond after throwing in a
pebble or two.
 However, when you shine a laser light
through the plate the 3-D image of the
object appears in the space above the plate.
The most incredible characteristic of
the hologram however is:
 If
you break the holographic
plate, every piece of the plate
contains the entire image!!!
The parts are the whole!
Every fragment of the hologram contains all the
information of the entire hologram. The parts are
the whole!!!
“The Tao gives birth to One. One gives birth to yin
and yang. Yin and yang give birth to all things. . . .
The complete whole is the complete
whole. So also is any part, the complete
Lao Tzu (c.604-531 B.C.)
The Holographic Brain/Mind
Karl Pribram
Karl Pribram,
neurophysiologist at
Standford University,
author of Languages
and the Brain.
Karl Pribram’s Holographic Brain
Memories can be distributed throughout the
brain and not only in specific locations.
Every part of the brain could contain all the
information to remember an entire memory.
It was believed that there was a one-to-one
correspondence between what you saw, what was
projected on the retina and what was represented
in the brain.
Penfield (engrams) and Eccles
Pribram showed that this one-to-one
correspondence was not occurring and that the
hologram was definitely a possible explanation. It
would explain Lashley’s experiments
Vision is Holographic
Lashley discovered that after removing 90% of a
rat’s visual cortex, the rat could still perform tasks
that required complex visual acuity.
98% of a cat’s optic nerves could be severed
without seriously impairing it’s ability to perform
complex visual tasks.
This would be similar to saying that you could
enjoy a movie with 98% of the screen missing.
David Hawkins
Power Versus Force
The Hidden Determinants of Human
The proposition that Dr. Hawkins presents in this
book is "…the human mind is like a computer
terminal connected to a giant database. The
database is human consciousness itself… with its
roots in the common consciousness of all
mankind. …The unlimited information contained
in the database has now been shown to be readily
available to anyone in a few seconds, at any time
and in any place."
David Bohm, physicist at the University of
London, protégé of Albert Einstein
The Implicate and Explicate Order
Bohm recognized that there was a level of reality
that was underlying and producing the visible,
physical reality that we experience daily.
He called this the Implicate Order (hidden order)
in his book “Wholeness and the Implicate Order.”
The Explicate Order was the everyday “reality”
that we experience
The ink-in-glycerine model for explicate and implicate
order. Two concentric cylinders (top view) of unequal size.
The space between the cylinders is filled with glycerine,
and a droplet of insoluble ink is placed onto the fluid.
When the outer cylinder is rotated (arrow), the ink droplet
will be drawn out into a long thread.
The droplet is drawn out into a thread that
eventually becomes so thin that it
disappears from view; the ink particles are
enfolded into the glycerin.
But if the cylinder is then turned in the
opposite direction, the thread-form
reappears and re-becomes a droplet; the
droplet is unfolded again.
Bohm realized that when the ink was
diffused through the glycerin it was not in a
state of "disorder" but possessed a hidden,
or nonmanifest, order.
What he called the Implicate Order.
Bohm and the Two Truths?
In Bohm's view, “all the separate objects,
entities, structures, and events in the visible
or explicate world around us are relatively
autonomous, stable, and temporary
"subtotalities" derived from a deeper,
implicate order of unbroken wholeness.”
(my emphasis).
Bohm theorized that our brains are smaller
pieces of the larger hologram. That our
brains contain the whole knowledge of the
The enfolded ink in the glycerin is like the
interference pattern (the hidden
information) in the hologram
The whole universe as Hologram
Bohm suggests that the whole universe can
be thought of as a kind of giant, flowing
hologram, or holomovement, in which a
“total order is contained, in some implicit
sense, in each region of space and time.”
Bohm and the Theory of Emptiness?
“The explicate order is a projection from higher
dimensional levels of reality, and the apparent
stability and solidity of the objects and entities
composing it are generated and sustained by a
ceaseless process of enfoldment and unfoldment,
for subatomic particles are constantly dissolving
into the implicate order and then recrystallizing.”
(my emphasis)
Matter and Energy
Matter is energy
Our brains are our windows of
So, you can see how each mind has a
limited perspective of the universal
hologram. Our brains are our windows of
perception. Each mind always contains the
whole picture, but with a limited and
unclear perspective.
“We each have different experiences in our
lives, but each perspective is valid. Our
brains mathematically construct objective
reality by interpreting frequencies that are
ultimately projections from another
dimension, a deeper order of existence that
is beyond both space and time.”
Bohm and Pribram
both independently arrived at a holographic
model of the universe and the brain
It has been able to explain phenomena as far
ranging as:
Near death experiences
Mystical feeling of oneness with the universe
Jung’s idea of the collective unconscious and
archetypal experiences
Integration with Eastern Philosophy
This very scientifically based holographic brain
and universe concept has a parallel in the Eastern
Mystic traditions.
The paradigm of everything being connected to
everything else and the idea that the whole is
contained in the parts and that the parts are the
whole can be found in the many mappings of the
body on different parts of the body, from TCM
and acupuncture.
Mapping of the body on the Hand
Mapping of the body on the Feet
Mapping of the Motor Cortex
Mapping of the body on the Iris
Mapping of the body on the Ear
Mapping of the body on the
Apply synergy to Eastern and Western
DSM demonstration
SyRF Systems Research
-Research on the synergetic effects of energy
resonance fields and acupuncture energy fields.
-Integrating, synergizing modern physics and ancient
eastern spirituality.
-Magnetic Resonance and Acupuncture points
for increase in energy, strength, stamina and focus.
Magnetic Fields around the earth
Magnetic Fields around galaxies
Magnetic Fields around plants
Kirlian Photograph of magnetic
fields surrounding human fingertip
Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI
Integrating Electricity and
Resonance in a vibrating string
Been there?
Done that?
tacoma narrows.wmv
Muscles, Nerves
Nerves stimulate muscles to contract by
way of electrical impulses.
 During a contraction only a small (5-10 %)
percentage of the muscle fibres contract
 During an extremely strenuous contraction
about 20% of the available fibres contract
Acupuncture points used to balance
and increase energy
Phase1 of the SYRF Systems
Synergetic Energy Field Resonance
Informational Fields
Magnetic fields (informational fields) can
produce a movement of electrons.
 By placing magnets at precise acupuncture
points we can produce a magnetic
resonance that can stimulate more of the
muscle fibres to contract on any given
contraction, thereby increasing strength,
stamina, endurance and overall energy.
Early Stages of the Research at
Upper Canada College
 Rowers
 Tennis
Phase 2 of the SyRF Systems
Effect of Moving Meditation on
Strength, Focus and Stamina
Findings of Research on 250 Grade 8-12 boys.
After 15 minutes of moving meditation
75% of the boys showed an increase in the number
of push-ups
Of that group of boys they showed an increase of
Some comments from the Grade 8
boys after the moving meditation
“Felt better physically.
I felt very calm and
very relaxed and very
light. When stressed
this would be very
“More relaxed. Easier,
stronger. Lots of
thoughts and
emotions, no stress.
More comments from the Grade 8
“During the meditation my mind was clear
and I wasn’t thinking of anything except for
the movements.”
 “Felt the energy building between my
hands, relaxed, energetic.”
 “Calmer. Performance was good, I feel
good about myself.”
Grade 11 Male Student
"Anyone who plays a musical instrument knows that playing under
testing or performance conditions is one of the most nervewracking
experiences one can face. I was forced to confront such a situation in
my practical piano exam. In previous exams, I was overcome by
anxiety which often lead to mistakes and sometimes a more superficial
treatement of the music. However, my experience in the SYRF
Systems dynamic synergetic meditiation club changed this. Before this
piano exam I underwent a slow meditation process using DSM,
slowing my breathing, and calming my body. This calmed my nerves
as I went into the examination room. This initial meditation, coupled
with several short meditations preceding each peice, drastically
changed the overall effect of my exam. I found myself much more
engaged in the music, and hence, played the pieces with a greater
passion that up to that point I did not know I possessed." Grade 11
Grade 12 male Student
Here are a few instances where SyRF Systems, DSM
meditation prior to an event has improved my
Before our OFSAA volleyball quarter final we all
meditated and although we did not win we played well
(meditation was a good way to relax prior to warm up)
I meditated before my IB English oral exam this past
December (I often get nervous before presentations and I
found that the meditation relaxed me and improved the
quality of my presentation because it was more continuous
and less chopped up by pauses)
“I felt stronger, a sense of ease, quietness, a
purposefulness, “lost” myself during the meditation.”
53 year old male teacher.
“Feeling more energized. Felt quiet and connected.”
44 year old female teacher.
“Calmer but more alert (awake).”
55 year old female teacher
“I felt a force between my hands with the circle hands
technique. Feeling more capable.”
47 year old female teacher
Bibliography and Suggested
Further Reading
The Tao of Physics, Fritjof Capra, 1975
The Dancing Wu Li Masters, Gary Zukav, 1979
Synergetics, Volume 1 and 2, R. Buckminster Fuller, 1975
Essays in Science, Albert Einstein, 1934
The Evolution of Physics, Einstein and Infled, 1961
On Physical Reality, A. Einstein, 1936
The Essence of Buddhism, D.T. Suzuki, 1968
A Policy of Kindness, Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, 1990
Physics and Philosophy, W. Heisenberg, 1958
Physics and Beyond, W. Heisenberg, 1971
The Upanishads, trans. By Juan Mascaro, 1965
Tao Te Ching, Lao Tzu, trans. Ch’u Ta Kao, 1970
Wholeness and the Implicate Order, David Bohm, 1978
Atomic Physics and Human Knowledge, Neils Bohr, 1958
The Philosophy of Physics, Max Planck, 1936
Discussions of Probability Relations Between Separated Systems, Erwin Schrodinger, 1935
Space, Time and Medicine, Larry Dossey, 1979
Einstein and Buddha, edited by Thomas McFarlane, 2002
A Brief History of Time, Stephen Hawking, 1985
Singularities in the Geometry of Space-Time, Stephen Hawking, 1966
Fig 1. Single slit diffraction, artificially
modeled without wave propagation
Synergy as General Principle
The whole is greater than the sum of its parts
The behaviour of the whole is unpredictable by
knowing the behaviour of the individual parts
taken separately. RBF
Corollary: If you know the behaviour of the whole
and the behaviour of some of the parts, you may
be able to find some of the others parts.
Examples: 1. Gravity
2. Solar System
3. Salt
Bucky discovered the following:
Observe and experience, for yourself,
Nature and the Universe to find out “What
is going on. How does Nature work? What
is the truth?”
2. Be factual and accurate about your
experiences and thereby determine what
information has integrity and what is
Bucky observed
1. That the square and the cube, are used
by science, industry and technology as the
basic structures for construction and
measurement of Nature and the Universe.
 They
are NOT stable structures
 This is NOT the way
Nature/Universe works
He found that
Nature’s fundamental structure is
 The
Tetrahedrons, Octahedrons and
Icosahedrons are the basic
structures of Universe
The Simplest Stable Structure in
the Universe
The Tetrahedron- made of
6 sticks, 4 equilateral
triangles, all 60 degrees,
each vertex is part of 3
the strongest structure for
its volume and Surface
Eg; diamonds
All biology and chemistry
is based on it
From the observation of Nature, from
experience, new discoveries can arise.
Max Planck, one of the
founders of quantum
revolutionized physics
in 1900 with his
discovery of the
quantum, or
fundamental unit of
Planck’s Constant
Planck's constant, symbolized by h,
relates the energy in one quantum
(photon) of electromagnetic radiation to
the frequency of that radiation.
 E = hf where h= 6.626176 x 10-34 jouleseconds
Consider this
Why would the smallest
package of energy in
the universe NOT be a
whole number???
Why do we need to
multiply the smallest
unit by 6.626176 x 10-34
joule-seconds to get it
Look at the constant
6.626176 x 10-34 jouleseconds.
Ignore the scale ie the 10-34 .
Concentrate on the 6.626176 .
Now look at the first 2 sig figs.
6.6 or 0.66
What fraction is this??
Why do you suppose
we have to multiply
the smallest, most
fundamental package
of energy in the
universe by 2/3???
Planck’s constant is based
on the cgs system.
This is based on the
square and the cube.
These are not stable
Nature and Universe do
not use squares and cubes
Nature and Universe
The tetrahedron
The volume of the
tetrahedron as
compared to the
volume of a cube that
it exactly fits into
In other words
If we used the
fundamental structure
of the Universe, the
tetrahedron, as the
fundamental unit of
the Universe, then we
wouldn’t need to
correct the error of .66
or 2/3.
The units would work out right
the first time.
Because it would be
based on the “truth”

Different Ways of Knowing?