Career Technical Education (CTE)
And Linked Learning
Credential Counselors and Analysts of
California Conference
October 2012
Roxann L. Purdue
Commission on Teacher Credentialing
Lynda Nichols
California Department of Education
Lloyd McCabe
California Department of Education
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Tom Torlakson, State Superintendent of Public Instruction
Topics for Discussion
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Career Technical Education (CTE)
Credentials and Requirements
• CTE Course Definitions
• Factors in California contributing to the
development of new CTE and Linked
Learning courses
• What local factors should be considered
when placing a teacher in a CTE or
Linked Learning course assignment?
• CTE teachers in Linked Learning Courses
earning Academic Credit*
• Single Subject Teachers in CTE Courses
earning Academic Credit*
*Both topics above as they relate to funding, NCLB
2
HQT, and appropriate assignment
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Career Technical
Education Overview of
Senate Bill 52
• Effective Issuance Date October 12, 2007
• Vocational Education teaching
credentials changed to CTE teaching
credentials
• Consolidated 175 subject areas into 15
Industry Sectors
• Subject areas modeled after State
Board of Education CTE curriculum
standards
3
CTE Industry Sectors
Agriculture & Natural
Resources
Finance & Business
Arts, Media, & Entertainment
Energy & Utilities
Building Trades &
Construction
Engineering & Design
Hospitality, Tourism &
Recreation
Manufacturing & Product
Development
Information Technology
Marketing, Sales & Service
Education, Child
Development & Family
Services
Public Service
Fashion & Interior Design
Transportation
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Health Science & Medical Technology
4
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
What is the Career
Technical Education (CTE)
Teaching Credential?
• Authorizes teaching in career, technical,
trade or vocational areas
• Two tier system: Preliminary and Clear
• Clear level authorizes SDAIE
instructional services to English
learners
5
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Career Technical
Education Overview of
Senate Bill 1104
Effective January 1, 2009
• Application submission by approved
program sponsors
• Reduced work experience
• Reduced term of preliminary
credential
• U.S. Constitution required for Clear
• Consolidated “full-time” and “parttime”
6
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Career Technical
Education Overview of
Senate Bill 1104
Effective January 1, 2009
• Application submission by approved
program sponsors
• Reduced work experience
• Reduced term of preliminary
credential
• U.S. Constitution required for Clear
• Consolidated “full-time” and “parttime”
7
FT/PT Voc Ed and CTE
Sunset Dates
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• August 31, 2010
• Individuals may no longer be admitted
to ‘old’ CTE programs under Prior
Standards
• Preliminary Full-time and Part-time
CTE credentials no longer initially
issued
• August 31, 2013
• Last issuance date for Clear Full-time
and Part-time Voc Ed/CTE credentials
8
Title 5 Regulations
Effective February 20, 2010
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Advanced industry certifications
accepted for one year of work
experience
• General education teaching experience
accepted for one year of work
experience
• Reduction from 1500 to 1000 hours
equals one year of work experience
• Creation of Business and Industry
Partnership Teacher authorization 9
Requirement for 3-Year
Preliminary
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Three years full-time work experience
(1000 hours = one year)
• High school diploma
• Recommendation by program approved
under August 2008 standards
10
Clear CTE Credential with
SDAIE
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Possession of 3-year preliminary
• Verification of successful teaching
• Completion of program under standards
approved by the Commission in August
2008
• U.S. Constitution
• Health Education component
• Recommendation by a Commissionapproved program sponsor
11
New CTE Program
Standards
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• 9 semester units or 135 clock
hours
• Includes Specially Designed
Academic Instruction in English
(SDAIE) training (earned with clear
credential)
• Advanced preparation program or
two years teaching experience
12
Specially Designed Academic
Instruction Delivered in English
(SDAIE)
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Authorization added to Clear CTE
issued under new standards
• Equivalent to Certificate of
Completion of Staff Development
(CCSD) authorization for
Designated Subject Credentials
13
SDAIE Authorization
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• California public school employers
may annually request CCSD waivers
while an individual holds a 3-year
preliminary or FT/PT Voc Ed and
CTE credential
• CCSD may still be issued to
individuals who hold Preliminary,
Clear, or Life FT/PT Voc Ed and CTE
credentials
14
Adding Authorizations
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• No new subjects may be added to Voc
Ed or Preliminary PT/FT CTE
credentials
• Industry Sectors may be added to
PT/FT Clear, 3-Year and Clear CTE
credentials with:
• Application and fee
• Work experience in requested sector
• Recommendation from a Commission15
approved program
Transition Policy
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Life or Clear Voc Ed and CTE
credential holders may maintain their
document or transition to new CTE
credentials
• Preliminary FT/PT Voc Ed and CTE
credential holders may complete ‘old’
programs by 8/31/13 or transition to
new CTE credentials
• Preliminary FT/PT Voc Ed may not
transition to Preliminary FT/PT CTE
16
CTE Teacher Supply
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• In 2009-10, the Commission issued
approximately 1,031 CTE credentials
•
•
•
•
•
•
Largest industry sectors issued –
Arts, Media, and Entertainment
Health Science and Medical Technology
Building Trades and Construction
Finance and Business
Together these four industry sectors
accounted for more than 50% the CTE
credentials issued in 2009-2010
17
Business and Industry
Partnership Teacher
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Designed for individuals:
• whose skills are in high demand
• who may only want to teach for short
time
• Authorization is not renewable and may
not be issued for more than one school
year
• Holders may subsequently apply for 3year preliminary CTE credential
18
Business and Industry
Partnership Teacher
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Requirements:
• 3 years full-time work experience
• High school diploma
• Verification individual has been
apprised of early teaching
orientation requirement
• Recommendation by program
approved under August 2008
standards
19
Other Credential Options
for CTE instruction
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Holders of Single Subject Teaching
Credentials authorized to teach trade,
technical, career or vocational classes
in specific subject areas –
• Agriculture, business, home
economics, industrial arts, and
industrial technology education
Title 5 section 80004(c)
20
Roles and Responsibilities
Commission on Teacher Credentialing:
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Teacher Preparation Programs
Credential Requirements
Authorizations
Appropriate Assignment
Assignment Monitoring Oversight
Sanctions for Misassignments
Report of Assignments to Legislature
21
Roles and Responsibilities
California Department of Education:
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Title II Compliance Monitoring Intervention
and Sanctions
• Title I, Title II, and/or Title III accountability
status under Elementary and Secondary
Education Act (ESEA)
• Compliance with teacher requirement
provisions of Individuals with Disabilities
Education Act (IDEA) and the No Child Left
Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001
• CTE Teachers Meeting ESEA Highly
Qualified Teacher (HQT) Compliance
22
Roles and Responsibilities
Site/District/County Office:
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
•
•
•
•
•
•
Job Specifications
Recruitment
Hiring Priority – EC §44225.7
NCLB Compliance
Funding Compliance
Site/district/county administrators
responsibility under EC §44258.9(b):
- Evidence of credential(s) in order to make a
legal assignment or legal documentation on
file if assignment made on basis of an option
in statute or regulations
23
Factors to Consider
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Credential
Held
Funding
Source
Highly Qualified Subject Matter
24
Career Technical
Education Course Defined
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Education Code (EC) section
51225.3 (E)(ii)
• A course in career technical
education means a course in a
district-operated CTE program that
is aligned to the CTE model
curriculum standards and
framework adopted by the state
25
board
Alternative Methods for Meeting
High School Graduation
Requirements
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
EC Section 51225.3(b) provides an
alternative method for meeting high school
graduation requirements –
"The governing board, with the active involvement
of parents, administrators, teachers, and pupils,
shall adopt alternative means for students to
complete the prescribed course of study which may
include practical demonstration of skills and
competencies, supervised work experience or
other outside school experience, career technical
education courses in high schools, courses offered
by regional occupational centers or programs,
26
interdisciplinary study …”
Alternative Methods for Meeting
High School Graduation
Requirements
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Appropriate credential and authorization –
If a class is a CTE based class and the school
district has a policy that allows granting graduation
credits to the class per EC Section 51225.3(b), then
it may be taught by the holder of a credential
authorizing the teaching of CTE in the specified
industry sector.
27
NCLB Compliance Requirements
For Teachers of NCLB Core
Academic Subjects
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
NCLB Highly Qualified
Teacher
Bachelor’s Degree
APPROPRIATE
California Credential
Subject Matter
Competency
Currently enrolled in approved
intern program
28
How That Looks
in California
NCLB Core
Academic Subjects
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• English
• Reading/Language
Arts
• Mathematics
• Science
• History
• Economics
• Civics/Government
• Geography
• Foreign Languages
• Arts
•
English/language arts/reading
–
•
Includes reading intervention, RTI²
and California High School Exit
Examination (CAHSEE)-English
classes
Mathematics
–
Includes math intervention and
CAHSEE-Math classes
•
Biological Sciences, Chemistry,
•
Geosciences, Physics
•
Social Science
–
history, government, economics,
geography
•
Foreign Languages (specific)
•
Drama/Theater (English credential)
•
Visual Arts
•
Music
•
Dance (physical education credential) 29
Alternative Methods for Meeting
High School Graduation
Requirements
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
•
In terms of meeting the Highly Qualified
Teacher (HQT) provision of NCLB for CTE
• CDE has established policy If CTE course is an alternative way to meet
graduation requirements as stated in EC
Section 51225.3(b); and teacher has BA
degree, proper credential in their CTE
discipline; teacher would meet the HQT
provision
30
Local Assignment Options
& NCLB
TOM TORLAKSON
• Additional Considerations –
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Use of local assignment options in the
Education Code for Single Subject
Teachers serving in Linked Learning
Courses designated as CTE
Options for NCLB compliance for
teachers serving on a local
assignment option
31
CBEDS Course Codes
Science
If CTE course is used as an NCLB core class….districts must change the NCLB Core column from U to Y and then
add the content area to the NCLB Content Area Category Assigned Name column
32
New Courses
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Content of the class and
authorization(s) held are determining
factors for appropriate assignment
• Determination of primary focus of
course content and course
designation by local level necessary
• Verify designation by CBEDS Codes,
Course Description & Funding Source
33
Questions to Ask
• Flexibility –
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
As CTE designated courses become
integrated with academic curriculum,
counties and districts need to
understand the structure of the
program at the high school and ask
questions related to the focus of the
course and how instruction is
delivered.
34
Primary Focus of Content
• Considerations –
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Does the course have a primary focus
on CTE standards and industry sector
content?
Does the course have a primary focus
on academic content standards with
some integration of the industry sector
content based on the academy
theme?
35
Co-teaching
• Considerations –
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Some integrated courses have a dual
emphasis in CTE and academic
standards.
Co-teaching models and collaborative
teaching may be one method for
staffing these courses
36
Factors Impacting the Increase in
Number of New Courses
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Linked Learning (Multiple Pathways)
- Assembly Bill 2648 & Assembly Bill
1304
• California Partnership Academies (CPA)
- EC § 54690-54697
• University of California Curriculum
Integration (UCCI) Institutes
- 10,000 new CTE integrated curriculum
courses this year
• Alternative Methods for Meeting High
School Graduation Requirements - EC
§51225.3(b)
37
Linked Learning (Multiple Pathways)
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• 2010 CDE Report released (AB 2648)
• Multiple Pathways to Student Success:
Ensuring the New California High School Study on feasibility of expanding linked learning
approach statewide
• California first state to codify an explicit
definition of this high school reform approach
• Linked learning formerly referred to as Multiple
Pathways involves integrating academic and
career technical education curriculum and is
often focused around an industry sector.
Students may be involved in a comprehensive
high school program focused on academies or
industry-themed pathways.
• Collaborative process between academic
discipline teacher, CTE teacher, and business
industry partners
38
Linked Learning (Multiple Pathways)
AB1304 (Block) expresses Legislative intent
that–
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
•
High school courses provide pupils with
linked learning experiences that prepare
them for postsecondary success
• Academic and CTE teachers collaborate
• Teacher credential candidates have
opportunities to learn pedagogical
strategies in linked learning
• Commission may establish a “recognition
of study in linked learning” for single
subject credentials
39
California Partnership Academies
(CPA)
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• California Education Code § 5469054697
• CPA model is a three-year program
(grades ten-twelve) structured as a
school-within-a-school.
• Academies incorporate integrated
rigorous academic and career technical
education, business partnerships,
mentoring, and internships.
• High school reform movement focused on
smaller learning communities with a
career theme.
40
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Laguna Creek High School
Green Energy Technology
Academy (GETA)
Example Four Year Structure
for a California Partnership
Academy
Overview of GETA
Academy Course Sequence
Dept.
TOM TORLAKSON
English
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
Year
Social
Studies
Science
(Sr. Yr. Math)
CTE
Course
Freshman
GETA
English 9
GETA
Geography
GETA
Biology
Introduction to
Green
Technology
Sophomore
GETA
English 10
GETA
World History
GETA
Physics
Green Tech I
Solar & Wind
Junior
GETA
English 11
GETA
US History
GETA
Chemistry
Green Tech II
Biofuels &
Elect. Vehicles
Senior
GETA
English 12
GETA
US Govt. &
Econ
GETA
Statistics (In
place of
Science)
Green Tech III
Research,
Internships,
Cert. Programs
GETA Senior Year
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Collaborative/Independent Research
– CSUS and ARC Green Energy Class
Collaboration
– Senior Projects
• Internships
– Solar/Wind/Biofuel/Energy
Companies in Sacramento Region
• Certification Programs
• Post Secondary Preparation
– Applications, Scholarship, Resume
Portfolio
• College Courses
Panel Discussion
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Decision making process
• Questions to ask
• Research options and tools
44
Title II Leadership Office
Contact Information
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Ron Taylor
916-323-4819
Administrator
[email protected]
• Lynda Nichols
916-323-5822
Consultant
[email protected]
• Jackie Rose
916-322-9503
Analyst, Fiscal
[email protected]
• Kelly Heffington
916-324-5689
Analyst, Data
[email protected]
45
Administrator’s Assignment
Manual
TOM TORLAKSON
State Superintendent
of Public Instruction
• Information on credentials issued,
authorizations, and options for
employers
• Assignment Unit – Roxann L. Purdue
E-mail: [email protected]
46
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