“THERE CAN BE NO GEOGRAPHY
WITHOUT PHYSICAL
GEOGRAPHY!”
“GEOGRAPHY IS A LIGHT IN THE
MIND NOT A LOAD ON THE
MEMORY!”
What is Physical Geography
The following has been used to describe
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY:
• the basis
• the groundwork
• the background
As you read the next few slides think of how
each point comes into your life from time to
time (eg., history, travel, leisure, work, etc.)
“Everything relates to Geography. Read the list
below and connect the item to Physical
Geography:
• construction of a building
• growing of crops
• a ski trip
• a vacation in the sun
• a boating trip
• the location of a city
• the location of a factory
• flying in an air plane
• star exploration
• your health
Geography comes from the Greek word
geo - meaning earth and the word
graphen - meaning to write.
It is essential that Geographers
understand:
•Spatial thinking
•The earth’s systems
•Location and time on earth
•Maps, scale and projections
•GIS, GPS and Remote Sensing
Geography (or the Science of Geography) is
studied using five basic themes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Location
Place
Movement
Region
Human-Earth Relationships
Physical Geography concerns itself with:
• The Shape and Form of the Earth
• erosion
• rivers, glaciers
• mountains, plains
• natural disasters
• The Make - Up of the Earth
• rocks and minerals
• The Seas & Oceans
• water and fish
• The Atmosphere
• climate and weather
• Soils and Vegetation
• plant life, farming
• The Role of the Earth in the
Solar System
• Earth’s energy balance, planets, stars
• The Role of Humans in all of the above
• how humans interact with all of the above
Physical Geography is broken up into what we call
THE EARTH SCIENCES:
• ASTRONOMY
•study of heavenly bodies
•solar system
•earth’s role
• GEOLOGY
•composition and structure of the earth
•study of rocks and minerals
• GEOMORPHOLOGY
•shapes of the earth
•earthquakes, volcanoes, rivers, glaciers etc.
•plate tectonics
•erosion
• ECOLOGY
•study of life and the environment (interactions)
•pollution
•ecozones, biomes, or biosphere
• OCEANOGRAPHY
•oceans and shorelines
•marine biology
• CLIMATOLOGY
•types of world climate
•the climate of the earth
• METEOROLOGY
•study of weather
•mapping weather
•study of storms
• PEDOLOGY
•study of soils
• BOTANY (flora)
•plant life - vegetation
•agriculture
•biology
• ZOOLOGY (fauna)
•study of animal life
•animals and their environment
• MINERALOGY (Minerals), PALAEONTOLOGY (Fossils),
PETROLOGY (Rocks), and BIOLOGY (Living Things) are
some others.
How humans interact with their Physical and
Natural Environment is a key topic that will
appear throughout the course.
• Humans interact with things that are not alive like
rocks and minerals and mountains - abiotic.
• Humans interact with the living things on the earth
like other humans, animals and plants - biotic.
There has never really been a balance in these
interactions. They have always favoured humans. We
are now beginning to pay for this imbalance.
Physical Geography can be broadly defined as the
study of the make up of the earth and its relationship
to the life and needs of humans.
• In order to understand the place of humans on
earth we must know something about our
surroundings (where one lives -- one’s environment).
Try and explain the processes that helped create the
following images (one image per slide):
The End - move on to the slide show
on the Earth’s Spheres
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