Jhai growing, Lee letting go
350 Townsend St., Ste. 309
San Francisco, CA 94107 USA
Voice/Fax: 1-415-344-0360
[email protected]
Lee Thorn
Chair
Jhai Foundation
9 September 2008
1
The discussion for today
•
Our story
•
Where we are going
•
What we need
2
How we began
We were founded 10 years ago by Lee Thorn, a Vietnam veteran
seeking reconciliation
He returned to Laos seeking to help rural
villages by listening to local communities
They asked for technology with
connectivity (among other things)
3
means ‘hearts and minds working together’
4
The first steps
In 1997, Lee returned to his home
near Silicon Valley and began a 10
year journey
recruiting world leading
volunteer management and technical
experts – including software and hardware
He started by
engineers
5
He also raised money and partnered with
leading organizations
6
The first generation Jhai PC emerged…
Off-grid power - 12-volt direct current
battery, and the battery is charged by a
bicycle-powered generator
Local language -
Open Office localized (word
processing, spreadsheets,
slides and more)
Slow speed (low bandwidth) connectivity – access
to the internet through remote relay station via wifi that connected the
signal to a phone line over a hill and into the market town – 9 miles
away
7
….and better versions have been developed
Telemedicine - Neurosynaptic machine
monitors and reports respiration, blood pressure,
pulse, EKG, and temperature; provides 2 way
audio-video with remote doctor, and provides
simple patient records to share …all at dial-up
Neurosynaptic medical
monitoring machine
(battery powered)
Jhai Village
Server – Linux
and/or Windows
speed …
Novatium very
thin clients
Switch
Energy efficient
– all alternative
power options can work, lower overall power
required
WIFI or cable
Remote server running
Linux and/or MS
applicationss (optional)
Printer/Scanner
Alternative or grid power depending on local
conditions
Low cost functionality – VERSION 2.0:
1.5GHtz,12GigRAM, flash pendrive or hard drive, running Windows or Linux with
$200+/- JhaiPC, JhaiNetworks™ communications suite to foster
knowledge sharing even for illiterates
8
Let’s get into this a little more - Telemedicine
Telemedicine is a way for villagers to talk and
show themselves to a doctor
someplace else
And to share their health records, vitals
and EKG, and then get a diagnosis and
prescriptions so that they can make
an informed decision on whether
or not to go to the nearest hospital.
This can save BIG MONEY as well as get
the local health provider PAID
Our solution is also sustainable,
cheapest, and most accessible to
internet no matter how slow the internet
connection is
9
Let’s get into this a little more - ‘Energy
efficient’
These 3 computers plus
screens plus the
rechargeable telemedicine
machine run at about 70
watts total.
Your desktop x 3
Neurosynaptic medical
monitoring machine
(battery powered)
Jhai Village
Server – Linux
and/or Windows
Novatium very
thin clients
Switch
Runs at 300-600 watts.
This means all the machines
in the village can be
powered by a Jhai bikegenerator or a solar panel
or water or wind or even
oxen going in a circle!
WIFI or cable
Remote server running
Linux and/or MS
applicationss (optional)
Printer/Scanner
Alternative or grid power depending on local
conditions
10
Let’s get into this a little more - low cost and appropriate
Maybe this doesn’t mean much to
you: “1.5GHtz,1GigRAM, flash pendrive
etc etc” Don’t worry. All it means is that
the computer is fast, can run either
Windows or Linux, as a no-moving
parts machine or just as a normal PC,
AND software includes free or low cost
communication suite that even
illiterate people can use.
Neurosynaptic medical
monitoring machine
(battery powered)
Jhai Village
Server – Linux
and/or Windows
local
entrepreneurs choose what content
In our way of doing things
(think applications like ‘Read, Write &
Type’) that they think will bring them
money based on what community members
told them…and …
All the JhaiPC costs is $188 to $224! The
system including training and longterm support, will cost around $7000 for
the entire village system. This is way
cheap, cheaper than all the other
systems we know about.
Novatium very
thin clients
Switch
WIFI or cable
Remote server running
Linux and/or MS
applicationss (optional)
Printer/Scanner
Alternative or grid power depending on local
conditions
11
Let’s get into this a little more - Jhai Networks ™
Jhai Networks™ communication suite
is a way for even illiterate people
to communicate.
It is software that allows for peerto-peer or conference audio-video
communications
Tamil to English
Urdu to English
Ubuntu to English
And so on …
French to English
While sharing and redlining any
kind of application securely
And even across languages in
conferences with up to 300 places
….– just like the UN, except
on the internet and cheap
Mandarin to
English
Cantonese to English
Lao to English
Spanish to English
Empowering local languages
using
English
12
However, we learned
that a technology
solution is not
enough…
1
entrepreneurs need to be empowered through training
and by letting them design their own, profitable business
2
3
the entire village must be engaged
And outsiders like us must commit to never leave
13
We have developed a
and tested it in Laos
for over 10 years
successful model
14
Awards and recognition have followed
What people say about us
How do you bring the Web to people who don't
have phone lines -- or even electricity? With a
level of ingenuity that would have impressed
Robinson Crusoe, it turns out
The NY Times reporting on the Jhai PC
“He (Bill Gates) even wondered if it might be
possible to make computers for the poor in
countries without an electric power grid. The
answer is yes, and things are going even further”
The Economist reporting on the Jhai PC
Award-winning technology
Six international ‘best practices’ awards for ICT work
15
Lee is now a recognized worldwide
‘thought leader’
“What is a ‘thought leader’?” – Lee and friends …
“This is true!” – Fortune Magazine
16
A methodology to ensure economic sustainability
emerged
17
How people in villages can make money from computer stuff
It is Pretty easy …
It takes 5 steps
•
Find the best local
entrepreneur
•
Hang out and talk with
neighbors
•
Teach accounting and
facilitate planning
•
Teach the technical stuff
•
Follow up
Details
If the village health provider is an entrepreneurial
type, empower her; if not, find a village
entrepreneur to work with her.
Hang out with them in the community for two
days meeting people and engaging them in a
dialog about what they want and what you
know is possible with ICT (2 days)
Teach accounting and facilitate rigorous,
participatory business planning (3-4 days)
Do this 10 villages at a time and include hands-on
training on set up and networking through the
most local technician you can get that can
teach.(1-2 days)
Follow up through a facility nearby created by an
entrepreneur (we’ll help) available to 50 or
more villages
Jhai has a 90% success rate with SUSTAINABLE
ICT-related projects over 10 years
18
It might look like this …
19
Jhai Systems – 24/7 - Making money from day one
20
Jhai Systems – 24/7 - Making money from day one
21
Jhai Systems – 24/7 - Making money from day one
22
Jhai Systems – 24/7 - Making money from day one
23
Development Styles Are Evolving
SUSTAINABILITY
Rural Poor
Impact
SOCIAL ENTERPRISE
(Jhai)
NGO
CHARITY
TIME
24
Jhai is now in transition and has adopted a
new strategy to
GROW
25
The discussion for today
•
Our story
•
Where we are going
•
What we need
26
Jhai will remain focused on 2 areas
1
Providing hardware, software and
communication
2
solutions for rural villages
Ensuring economic sustainability
through training entrepreneurs, business
model development and community
engagement
…and we have set 3 goals for the next 6
months
27
First, enabling telemedicine for the
rural village will be our lead proposition
WHY?
Health
first
priority
of elders and children is
Of our friends in villages
Jhai’s technology and methodology solves
two key needs for telemedicine –
economic sustainability
and rugged technology
28
Second, we will focus on India first
WHY?
Neurosynaptic will be our technology
partner for telemedicine and they are
based in India
The
Indian government will support
The market potential is
HUGE there
29
Third, we will transition the leadership
WHY?
We can only
grow with dedicated, younger, paid staff
Lee is a visionary but
The
needs operational expertise
board has been successful providing advice but will need to shift
focus toward fundraising
30
Our focus will be on these
with India being critical
1
new projects,
Neurosynaptic has invited us to work with them in
1500 rural
Indian clinics providing JhaiPCs and sustainable solutions for
telemedicine
Another Indian program has asked to explore a
implementation for telemedicine
10,000 village
31
Our focus will be on these
with India being critical
new projects,
Atlantic Philanthropies has asked us
to explore telemedicine solutions for ALL rural clinics and
2
schools in Vietnam. Atlantic Philanthropies must give
away all its donor’s billions in next 10 years or so.
32
Our focus will be on these new projects,
with India being critical first effort
The Ghana government and private
telecom has asked us to demonstrate 100 computers
over 10 rural centres where 10 different languages are
spoken. This is step one in a country-wide
implementation. The sponsor is THE leading ICT
organization in Africa (the Ghana-India Kofi
Annan Centre for Excellence in ICT) with
proposed funding from a Kuwaiti entrepreneur.
3
33
Our focus will be on these
with India being critical
4
new projects,
“Hole in the Wall”, a very successful
organization in India and Africa, has asked for
PCs for Indian urban slums
250 Jhai
34
5
Jhai needs to build a foundation over the next six
months – then scale up
Most Critical:
1. Hire a CEO and Operations person
2. Revamp board for fundraising
35
The discussion for today
•
Our story
•
Where we are going
•
What we need
36
Revenue goals for next year*
*
excludes Philippines, ILFSET/India,Thailand, Laos, Brazil, Congo, S. Africa,
China to be conservative
Revenue
streams
7-9/08
10-12/08
Donations
$51,500 (Ruth seed)
$50,000 (Ghana)
$55,000 (JNet-R&D)
Investment
$XXX (Indian) (new
JhaiPC affiliated
company)
Fees for service
$XXX (Indian) (new
Jhai Systems
franchising company)
$500,000 (AP first
payment of $3Mil)
Sales (profit only)
$44,000 (Neuro1,
HoleInWall, AP, small
test commercial)
Subtotals
$115,500
Total
1-6/09
$22,000 (Ghana)
$37,000 (AP)
$1,250,000 (est.)
37
Our Commitment: Jhai means ‘hearts and minds working together’
Solar powered installation in Lao PDR
Jhai’s Commitment
For 10 years poorer people who work with us have made
enough money to sustain the programs they
envisioned and they own. They cover fixed and
running costs, capital goods replacement and any
loan repayments themselves. We provide our green
‘best practices’ systems, products, and training and just-in-time advice and support to them. We
never impose. We never run away.
Lee Thorn
Chair
Jhai Systems, Jhai Networks and Jhai Foundation
Vientiane, Lao PDR and San Francisco, California USA
www.jhai.org
[email protected]
1 415 420 2870
38
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