Gender and the Technologies of the Information Age FUNKY MONKEY Karen Ma Chad Schmidt Abraham Panduro James Romero Ulysses Carretero The Generations of Computers By Chad Schmidt The first form of computers Abacus Found in Babylonia Chad Schmidt The Calculator Invented by Konrad Zuse German Engineer Chad Schmidt Computer Ignition IBM creates the first computer and becomes the standard for the industry. Minicomputer introduced. Word Processors introduced. More available memory. Chad Schmidt The Computer World takes off Apple begins to sell its first computer. IBM and Apple merge to create the top selling PC. Apple captures over 50% of the market. Chad Schmidt The internet Explodes First developed to communicate to select companies and business in 1973. 1991 the World Wide Web explodes and becomes the information super highway. Chad Schmidt Woman's contributions to to computer technology. By Karen Ma Transistor: Solid state semiconductor device. Used for amplification, switching. Binary Machine Language: A set of instructions for s specific central processing unit. Also called machine cod. It is composed only of binary digits 0 and 1. Assembly Language: Consists of both binary numbers and simple words. Also recognized as Mnemonics High Level Programming Language: Complex elements can be simplified. COBOL: Third-generation programming. Processed excellent selfdocumenting capabilities, file handling methods and exceptionally good data typing for the time. Karen Ma Ada Augusta Lovelace Born December 10, 1815. British Mathematician. Helped develop early computer. Collaborated with Babbage to invent the Analytical Machine. Karen Ma Grace Hopper Born in 1906. American Navy officer also mathematician. Invented the first compiler (1952) Helped develop the FlowMatic programming language (1957) and the first commercial electronic computer. Karen Ma Annie Eastley Born 1933 in Birmingham, Alabama. Working at the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations Lewis Research Center. Developed and implemented computer codes that are used to determine solar, wind and energy projects for NASA. Karen Ma Jean Sammet Born 1928 in New York City. Worked at Sylvania Electric Products and managed the basic software development. Created the computer languages such as FLOW-MATIC, LISP, BASIC and COBOL. Karen Ma Sandra L. Kurtzig Born 1947. Encountered a customer who needed a tracking system for inventory. Sold business information systems. Karen Ma Parallel Processing Quantum Computation Nanotechnology GUI Handhelds Abraham Panduro Women involvement in Computers and Artificial Intelligence Ulysses Carretero Internet Use Among Females and Males Female Male (Source: Pitkow and Kehoe, 1996) Ulysses Carretero “Virtual reality has an infinity of possibilities, its just an open world where your mind is the only limitation.” – Jaron Lanier, Developed term “Virtual Reality” Ulysses Carretero Microprocessor CPU Operating System Application Ulysses Carretero Woman have influenced today's technological environment. Augusta Ada, Lady Lovelace: the worlds first computer programmer. Lois M. Haiby, Grace Elizabeth Mitchell, Bernyce Brady and Bev Davis developed FOLTRAN. Gertrude Tieney, Nora Taylor, Jean Sammet, Deborah Davidson and Sue Knaop along with many other woman contributed to the development of COBOL Ulysses Carretero Dr. Thelma Estrin: Designed and established the first general computer facility for brain research. Elise Hormon and Edith Olson : Developed printed circuits which helped convert a 50 foot long computer in an entire silicone chip. Ulysses Carretero Woman continually develop sophisticated innovations. Portia Isaacson Bass: developed “Intellihome” Evelyn Berezin: developed the first online airline-reservation system for United Airlines. Anne Chiang: “Leading Electrophoretic Scientist” of her time. Ulysses Carretero The Next Generation of Computers Artificial Intelligence: the ability to perform the same kinds of functions that characterize human thought. Could these technologies reproduce male dominance and female submission? Ulysses Carretero work, ranging from smart copiers to downloading the contents of a human brain. James Romero Problem Solving for the United States Army Dr. Angelica Stacy Invents Two Superconductors Computers as Aids for Instruction Artificial Limbs Fortran Is a statically typed, compiled (sometimes interpreted), imperative, computer programming language. Conclusion (clap) Five key terms – fortran, integrated circuit, transistor, silicon chip, semiconductors. Uses of AI – problem solving, , superconductors, educational aids.