Gender and the Technologies
of the Information Age
FUNKY MONKEY
Karen Ma
Chad Schmidt
Abraham Panduro
James Romero
Ulysses Carretero
The Generations of
Computers
By Chad Schmidt
The first form of computers
 Abacus
 Found in Babylonia
Chad Schmidt
The Calculator
 Invented by Konrad
Zuse
 German Engineer
Chad Schmidt
Computer Ignition
 IBM creates the first computer and
becomes the standard for the industry.
 Minicomputer introduced.
 Word Processors introduced.
 More available memory.
Chad Schmidt
The Computer World takes off
 Apple begins to sell
its first computer.
 IBM and Apple merge
to create the top
selling PC.
 Apple captures over
50% of the market.
Chad Schmidt
The internet Explodes
 First developed to communicate to select
companies and business in 1973.
 1991 the World Wide Web explodes and
becomes the information super highway.
Chad Schmidt
Woman's contributions to
to computer technology.
By Karen Ma
 Transistor: Solid state semiconductor device. Used for amplification,




switching.
Binary Machine Language: A set of instructions for s specific central
processing unit. Also called machine cod. It is composed only of
binary digits 0 and 1.
Assembly Language: Consists of both binary numbers and simple
words. Also recognized as Mnemonics
High Level Programming Language: Complex elements can be
simplified.
COBOL: Third-generation programming. Processed excellent selfdocumenting capabilities, file handling methods and exceptionally
good data typing for the time.
Karen Ma
Ada Augusta Lovelace
 Born December 10,
1815.
 British Mathematician.
 Helped develop early
computer.
 Collaborated with
Babbage to invent the
Analytical Machine.
Karen Ma
Grace Hopper
 Born in 1906.
 American Navy officer
also mathematician.
 Invented the first compiler
(1952)
 Helped develop the FlowMatic programming
language (1957) and the
first commercial
electronic computer.
Karen Ma
Annie Eastley
 Born 1933 in
Birmingham, Alabama.
 Working at the National
Aeronautics and Space
Administrations Lewis
Research Center.
 Developed and
implemented computer
codes that are used to
determine solar, wind and
energy projects for
NASA.
Karen Ma
Jean Sammet
 Born 1928 in New
York City.
 Worked at Sylvania
Electric Products and
managed the basic
software
development.
 Created the computer
languages such as
FLOW-MATIC, LISP,
BASIC and COBOL.
Karen Ma
Sandra L. Kurtzig
 Born 1947.
 Encountered a
customer who needed
a tracking system for
inventory.
 Sold business
information systems.
Karen Ma
 Parallel Processing
 Quantum Computation
 Nanotechnology
 GUI
 Handhelds
Abraham Panduro
Women involvement in
Computers and Artificial
Intelligence
Ulysses Carretero
Internet Use Among Females and Males
Female
Male

(Source: Pitkow and Kehoe, 1996)
Ulysses Carretero
 “Virtual reality has an
infinity of possibilities,
its just an open world
where your mind is
the only limitation.” –
Jaron Lanier,
Developed term
“Virtual Reality”
Ulysses Carretero




Microprocessor
CPU
Operating System
Application
Ulysses Carretero
Woman have influenced today's
technological environment.
 Augusta Ada, Lady Lovelace:
the worlds first computer
programmer.
 Lois M. Haiby, Grace Elizabeth
Mitchell, Bernyce Brady and
Bev Davis developed
FOLTRAN.
 Gertrude Tieney, Nora Taylor,
Jean Sammet, Deborah
Davidson and Sue Knaop
along with many other woman
contributed to the development
of COBOL
Ulysses Carretero
 Dr. Thelma Estrin:
Designed and
established the first
general computer facility
for brain research.
 Elise Hormon and Edith
Olson : Developed
printed circuits which
helped convert a 50 foot
long computer in an
entire silicone chip.
Ulysses Carretero
Woman continually develop
sophisticated innovations.
 Portia Isaacson Bass:
developed “Intellihome”
 Evelyn Berezin:
developed the first online
airline-reservation system
for United Airlines.
 Anne Chiang: “Leading
Electrophoretic Scientist”
of her time.
Ulysses Carretero
The Next Generation of Computers
 Artificial Intelligence: the
ability to perform the
same kinds of functions
that characterize human
thought.
 Could these technologies
reproduce male
dominance and female
submission?
Ulysses Carretero
work, ranging from smart
copiers to downloading the
contents of a human brain.
James Romero
Problem Solving for the United
States Army
Dr. Angelica Stacy Invents Two
Superconductors
Computers as Aids for Instruction
Artificial Limbs
Fortran
 Is a statically typed, compiled (sometimes
interpreted), imperative, computer
programming language.
Conclusion (clap)
 Five key terms – fortran, integrated circuit,
transistor, silicon chip, semiconductors.
 Uses of AI – problem solving, ,
superconductors, educational aids.
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