GlobalSET
Global Simulated Emergency Tests –
Experiences and the Future
Greg Mossop, G0DUB
Why do we need GlobalSET?

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We are good at emergency communications
in our own countries – but disasters do not
stop at borders.
Demonstrate that Radio Amateurs ARE a
valuable asset for emergency
communications in any situation.
ITU recommendation M.1042-2

that administrations encourage the
development of amateur service and
amateur-satellite service networks capable of
providing communications in the event of
natural disasters;
ITU recommendation M.1042-2


that such networks be robust, flexible and
independent of other telecommunications
services and capable of operating from
emergency power;
that amateur organizations be encouraged to
promote the design of robust systems
capable of providing communication during
disasters and relief operations;
ITU recommendation M.1042-2

that amateur organizations be allowed to
exercise their networks periodically during
normal non-disaster periods.
.... and that is what GlobalSET has been
promoting since 2006 !
The Objectives
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Increase the common interest in Emergency
Communications
Test how usable the CoA frequencies are
across the IARU regions
Create practices for international emergency
communications
Practice the relaying of messages by voice
and data modes
November 2006
May 2007
November 2007
May 2008
November 2008
April 2009
Is this realistic ?

There have been questions whether the
GlobalSET should have a scenario.

What can we do that is not going to cause
panic?

What can we do that will not break license
conditions?

What is a realistic scenario for a Global Net?
Disaster Risk Categories
ECHO Evaluation December 2003
Earthquake ?
Flood ?
... everything else !
Realistic is difficult…

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English is not the only language and
instructions can get confused.
We are listened to by others, we do not want
an exercise to cause a panic.
Would focusing on a particular type of
disaster put countries off from taking part.
“It will never happen here…”
Barriers

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English is not the only language...
Emergency Communications Organisations
are not always part of the IARU/National
Society
Is the event getting too big ?
Creating common practices

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The objective is to create practices for
INTERNATIONAL emergency
communications.
But for new groups, these should be able to
be used locally.
There were some suggestions that we should
use NATO military procedures but most of
the world is not NATO...
We have a procedure
Common Message Format
RAYN ET M ESSAGE FORM
NUMBER
PRECEDENCE
STATION OF
*
ORIG IN
CHECK
PLACE OF ORIG IN
FILING TIM E
FILING DATE
ROU TIN E
PR IOR ITY
1
IM M ED IATE
G 8O JQ
20
N ESS
1400
Feb 20
EM ERGENCY
To: W est G roup Con tro lle r, G 0DUB
M essage seria l num bers should beg in w ith 1
A t th e beg inn ing of th e year or m onth
A void la rge or con fusing num bers
J W hitney
O riginator’s nam e in BLOCK letters :
FROM
REC’D
DATE
TIM E
TO
SEN T
DATE
TIM E
Relaying messages

We must pass messages accurately



How would we cope with messages in different
languages ?
We must pass messages quickly
We must get messages to the right
destination.
Message issues

The instruction was for messages to “be less
than 25 words and must not include anything
which would be considered as a 'real
emergency' message by a listener”
“EmCtr.
three firefighters with PTSD need KIT Team
emediately.”
Also had some messages sent in last years
format.
In practice…

A sample audio file...
Message issues
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We have not dealt with message routing.
We trust that people know where a country is
and what is an appropriate route.
We hope that propagation is on our side !
We need to look harder at how we organise a
flexible network.
Data/E-Mail Delivery times


The report of long delays in email delivery
presented at GAREC 08 appears to be
related to my own domain.
GlobalSET April 09 used Winlink through a
VHF RMS Packet gateway.

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Airmail set to connect to gateway every 10
minutes.
89 messages received and responded to.
Only one period where mail could not be
answered within 10 minutes.
The way forward


Next GlobalSET November 14th 2009
1800-2200UTC
No changes to rules or exchange

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Allow people to learn from previous exercises
See if increased Solar Activity affects inter-region
communication.
But…
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Do we encourage National Exercises ?

Do we think that twice a year is too often ?

Do we need to pre-register stations ?

How do we get the network to grow ?
Capability Maturity Model

The CMM defines five levels of maturity for a
process;
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1. Initial (chaotic, ad hoc) – The starting point for
the use of a new process.
2. Repeatable – the process is able to be used
repeatedly, with roughly repeatable outcomes.
3. Defined – the process is standardised and
documented.
Capability Maturity Model

The last two levels are harder;

4. Managed

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Are we checking that things are working properly and
instructions are followed ?
5. Optimised – includes deliberate
improvements.

Can we start to make changes which will not leave
countries behind ?
Conclusions
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The 'EmCom Parties on the Air' / GlobalSET
have laid the foundations for a Global
network.
We have a long way to go before things run
smoothly.
We are making great progress though !
Any Questions ?
Website
www.iaru-r1.org
Email
[email protected]
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GlobalSET - International Amateur Radio Union