被動語態(一)
單元大綱
 主動語態改被動語態
 簡單式的被動語態
 進行式的被動語態
 完成式的被動語態
 省略 by
主動語態改被動語態
原則
 把原受詞提到句首當主詞。
 把主詞放到by後面當受詞。
•主動語態:
S1 (主詞) + V(動詞) + O1 (受詞)
•被動語態:
S2 (原受詞) + be動詞 + PP + by + O2 (原主詞)
主動語態改被動語態
八種與時態有關的被動語態
語態公式
(be+p.p.)
現在式
過去式
未來式
簡單式
Simple
進行式
Progressive
完成式
Perfect
am
am
have +been+ p.p.
is + p.p.
is +being+ p.p.
has
are
are
was + p.p. was +being+ p.p.
had +been+ p.p.
were
were
will+be+p.p.
X(不常用)
will have been+p.p.
簡單式的被動語態
時態
主動
被動
Letters are written by
現在簡單式 Jane writes letters.
Jane.
簡單過去式
Jane wrote letters.
Letters were written
by Jane.
Letters will be written
簡單未來式 Jane will write letters.
by Jane.
簡單式的被動語態
現在簡單式的被動
is / am / are + p.p.
• Mike受到他學生的愛戴。
例句
is liked by his students.
→Mike ______
簡單式的被動語態
過去簡單式的被動
was / were + p.p.
• 這扇窗昨晚被打破。
例句
was broken last night.
→ This window __________
簡單式的被動語態
未來簡單式的被動
will / shall + be + p.p.
•這條路下個月將禁止通行。
例句
will be closed next month.
→The road ____________
進行式的被動語態
時態
主動
Jane is writing the
現在進行式
letter.
過去進行式
Jane was writing
the letter.
被動
The letter is being
written by Jane
The letter was being
written by Jane.
進行式的被動語態
現在進行式的被動
is / am / are + being + p.p.
•小學都有教英文。
例句
→English _________________
is being taught in elementary
school.
進行式的被動語態
過去進行式的被動
was / were + being +p.p.
• 當我進教室的時候,黑板正在擦拭中。
例句
was being wiped when I
→The blackboard_______________
came in the classroom.
完成式的被動語態
時態
主動
被動
Jane has written the The letter has been
現在完成式
letter.
written by Jane.
Jane had written the The letter had been
過去完成式
letter.
written by Jane.
未來完成式
Jane will have
written the letter.
The letter will have
been written by
Jane.
完成式的被動語態
現在完成式的被動
has / have + p.p.
•我的報告作業已經做好了。
例句
been done .
→My paper has
_____________
完成式的被動語態
過去完成式的被動
had + been + p.p.
• 當我到達教室時候,黑板已經擦拭好了。
例句
had been wiped
→ The blackboard _________________
when I arrived in the classroom.
完成式的被動語態
未來完成式的被動
will / shall + have +been + p.p.
•在你回來之前,這棟新的建築將已經蓋好了。
例句
→ Before you come back, the new building
will have been finished .
______________________
省略 by
主動語態的主詞為”people,
they, you, we, somebody”等
表示一般的”人” 轉為被動語
態時常將 “by+某人” 省略。
省略 by
• 主動
• Some translators have translated that
popular book into many languages.
例句1
• 被動
→ That popular book has been translated
into many languages.
省略 by
• 主動
• People speak English in the United
例句2 States.
• 被動
→ English is spoken in the United States (by
people).
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
People in Chile speak Spanish.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
People in Chile speak Spanish.
Spanish is spoken in Chile.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
Solar power drives this machine.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
Solar power drives this machine.
This machine is driven by solar power.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
They are repairing your motorbike now.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
They are repairing your motorbike now.
Your motorbike is being repaired now.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
Someone has arrested Jason for
shoplifting.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
Someone has arrested Jason for
shoplifting.
Jason has been arrested for shoplifting.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
They do not sell coffee in bookshops.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
They do not sell coffee in bookshops.
Coffee is not sold in bookshops.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
Somebody will tell you what to do.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
Somebody will tell you what to do.
You will be told what to do.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
The Chinese invented paper .
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
The Chinese invented paper .
Paper was invented by the Chinese.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
The company has imported new
computers from Korea.
小試身手
動動腦,請將主動句改為被動句。
•
The company has imported new
computers from Korea.
New computers have been imported from
Korea by the company.
學習完本課程後,
你對這個單元是否真的瞭解了呢?
現在就進入評量區,試試自己的身手吧!
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