The Swallows of Kabul
Afghanistan:
A Brief History
Afghanistan:
A Brief History
Afghanistan:
A Brief History
Afghanistan is an
independent country of
29 million people
located in south central
Asia, bordered by
Pakistan to the south
and east, Iran to the
west, and the Soviet
republics of
Turkmenistan,
Uzbekistan, and
Tajikistan to the north.
The capital of
Afghanistan is Kabul.
KABUL
Afghanistan:
A Brief History
Kabul, the capital of
Afghanistan, has a
metropolitan population of
over 3 million people.
The origins of Kabul date
back nearly 3,500 years.
The most widely used
languages are Dari (Persian)
and Pashto.
99% of Afghan people are
Muslim.
Afghanistan:
A Brief History
Modern-day Afghanistan is a complex contradiction, trying to
blend the advancements of modern society with the traditions
and customs of thousands of years of tribal history.
Afghanistan:
A Brief History
The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan
Afghanistan:
A Brief History
Afghanistan:
A Brief History
In 1979, the Soviet Union,
supporting the Communistbacked Afghan government,
rolled into Afghanistan.
The war between the Soviets
and the rebel fighters, known
as the mujahideen, waged for
nearly 10 years, with the
Soviets finally withdrawing
in 1989.
The mujahideen, who included
a young Osama bin Laden,
were supported and armed by
the United States and other
countries.
Afghanistan:
A Brief History
Following the Soviet
withdrawal in 1989,
Afghanistan fell into civil war,
with the Taliban emerging
victorious, claiming control
over the country.
The capital, Kabul, fell to
Taliban control in 1996.
The Taliban imposed a
religious government, the rule
of law dictated by strict
interpretation of the
teachings of the Qu’ran, the
Islamic holy book.
Mullah Omar
Afghanistan:
A Brief History
Following the terrorist
attacks of 9/11,
Afghanistan and the
Taliban were targeted
as being the safe haven
for 9/11 mastermind
Osama bin Laden,
allowing him to operate
his terrorist operation
from within Afghan
borders.
The United States
invades and occupies
Afghanistan on
October 7, 2001.
Afghanistan:
A Brief History
Today, the Taliban are
not in control of
Afghanistan, but they do
still have significant
influence in certain
regions of the country.
The chart at left shows
the structure of power
breakdown in
Afghanistan.
To this day, the United
States still has troops in
Afghanistan.
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