Warming up What is the purpose of language? Language is used to communicate or tell people thoughts, feelings reactions. 吴美丽 What is body language? Body language is one form of nonverbal communication without using words. Eye contact or gaze, facial expression, gesture, and posture (姿势), or the way you stand, are different kinds of body language. Ways of communicating Spoken language Written language Body language gesturing stop silent victory Can you guess what the following gesture from Japan means ? angry Can you guess what the following gesture from France means ? I don’t believe you. What do people usually do when meeting? China, Britain • shake hands Russia, France, Arab • kiss Some western countries • hug Japan, Korea • bow Maori in New Zealand • touch noses What are these people communicating? The mother is trying to quiet her crying child. Someone is thinking deeply. Someone is feeling ill/having a stomachache. The policeman is directing traffic/telling cars to go. Reading Communication: No problem? JapaneseAkira Nagata George Cook (Canada) Julia Smith (Britain) Tony Garcia (Columbia) Reading comprehension While reading, please try to divide the whole passage into several parts and find out the main idea. Part 1. (para. 1) The writer is sent to Capital International Airport to meet this year’s international students. Part 2 (para. 2 and 3 ) Examples of cultural “body language”. Part 3. (para. 4 ) Different people have different body languages. Part 4. (para. 5) Summary of body language. Read the text carefully, then decide if the following statements are true (T) or false (F). • Englishmen often stand close to others or touch strangers as soon as they meet. F • Most people around the world now greet each other by kissing . F • Japanese will bow to others as greeting. T • People from Jordan will move very close to you as you introduce yourself to them. T • Some body languages in some countries are good while some countries’ body language are bad. F Post reading 1. How do different international students behave when they greet people? Complete the chart with information from the passage . Name Description Body Language To Whom Tony man from kiss on the Garcia Colombia cheek everyone no touching Julia woman Smith from Britain Akira man from bowing Nagata Japan everyone everyone Name Description Body Language To Whom George Cook Ahmed Aziz man from shaking hands everyone Canada man from shaking hands to men nodding Jordan to women Darlene woman Coulon from France shake hands and kiss twice on each cheek people she knows Answer questions 1. Is the author of this passage male or female? How do you know ? The author is male. Ahmed Aziz will not shake hands with women, but he shakes hands with the author. 2.What were the two mistakes that the author noticed? He noticed that the Colombian man kissed the British woman, but in her culture, a kiss from a stranger is not acceptable. He also noticed that the Japanese man bowed just as the Canadian man started to shake hands, so one man’s nose touched the other man’s hand. 3. Who seemed to prefer to keep more physical distance from others? Who seemed to prefer closer physical distance ? The British woman, Julia, and probably the Canadian man, George, seemed to prefer to keep more physical distance from others. The Colombian man, Tony, and the Jordanian man, Ahmed, seemed to prefer closer physical distance . 4. Did any students have similar greeting customs? If so, which ones? Yes. Tony from Colombia and Darlene from France had a similar greeting custom-a kiss. George from Canada and Ahmed from Jordan also had a similar greeting custom-a handshake, but Ahmed shakes hands only with men. 5. “ When in Rome, do as the Romans do.” What do you think this famous saying means? This saying means that when we are in a certain place, we should follow the customs of the people who live in that place, not our own customs. 6. Do you agree with the author’s statement that body language is not good or bad? Why or why not? Choose the correct one. 1. What is the main idea of the text? A. There are different customs in different countries. B. Foreigners should follow the customs of the country where they are visiting. C. People use body movements to send messages and different body movements have different meanings. D. The importance of knowing customs. 2. If two men stand close to each other while talking, they cannot be from _____. A. an Arab country B. USA C. Britain D. Russia 3. What should a Chinese young man do when he meets his Russian friend in Moscow? A. Kiss him. B. Nod his head to his friend. C. Shake hands with him. D. Smile at him. 4. If you go to some Asian countries, which of the following can you do? A. Touch the head of a boy. B. Nod your head to others. C. Sit with your feet pointing at another person. D. Kiss each other. 5. “Foreigners should follow these customs when they are visiting these countries.” The underlined word here means ___. A. habits B. fault C. words D. performance Body language varies from culture to culture. Gesture Country Meaning some countries show interest eye contact other countries rude or disrespectful moving the index finger in a circle in front of the ear some crazy countries Brazil You have a phone call. Gesture a circle with one’s thumb and index finger Country most countries Japan France Germany Brazil Meaning OK money zero rude thumbs up the US Nigeria great / good job rude Germany Japan No.1 Gestures Shaking one’s head countries Meaning Bulgaria, parts of Greece, Iran Yes Other countries No Gestures Kiss on the cheek A firm handshake A loving hug A bow / a nod of head countries France Meanings Russia Greet friends Other countries Comparison Meaning Gesture in the USA No, don’t Moving the do that. index finger from side to side. I don’t Shrugging know one’s shoulders. Gesture in China Moving the hand from side to side Shaking the head Meaning Gesture in the Gesture in USA China Well done Thumbs up. Thumbs up. Incredible. Rolling one’s Open one’s eye or mouth I can’t eyes. wide. believe it. Meaning Gesture in the USA Money Rubbing the thumb and forefinger together Gesture in China Rubbing the thumb and forefinger together Meaning Come here. Gesture in the USA Moving the index finger forwards and backwards. Gesture in China Moving one’s hand up and down with the palm facing down.