Demonstratives
In English the
demonstratives are used to
indicate WHERE
SPECIFIC ITEMS ARE IN
RELATION TO
OURSELVES.
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Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns
DEMONSTRATE where objects/people
are in relation to the speaker.
THIS flag.
Which flag?
Do you want THIS
apple?
No, I want
THAT
apple.
In English there are TWO
demonstratives.
In Spanish there are THREE.
Do you want this apple?
¿Quieres esta manzana?
No.
Do you want that apple?
¿Quieres esa manzana?
No.
I want that apple over there.
Quiero aquella manzana.
Let’s review the demonstrative
adjectives.
A demonstrative adjective
always comes BEFORE the
noun it modifies.
AQUÍ
THIS
THAT
THAT
(over there)
este
ese
aquel
esta
esa
aquella
THESE
THOSE
THOSE
(over there)
estos
esos
aquellos
estas
esas
aquellas
PLURAL
ALLÁ
SINGULAR
ALLÍ
Do you remember the rhyme?
This and These both have “Ts”.
este, esta, estas, estos
Demonstratives are just like any
other adjective and must agree in
NUMBER and GENDER.
Ejemplos
• This brand
• That exit (over
there)
• Those pants
• Esta marca
• Aquella salida
• Esos pantalones
Pause for Practice
Actividad I
Actividad I
1. This salary
2. That classified ad
3. These positions
4. This lifeguard (f)
5. That community center (over there)
6. Those companies
7. That interview
8. Those pilots (over there) (m)
9. That victim (f)
10. Those explosions (over there)
Actividad 1
This salary
Este salario
Actividad 1
That classified ad
Ese anuncio clasificado
Actividad 1
These positions
Estos puestos
Actividad 1
This lifeguard (f)
Esta salvavida
Actividad 1
That community center
(over there)
Aquel centro de
comunidad
Actividad 1
Those companies
Esas compañías
Actividad 1
That interview
Esa entrevista
Actividad 1
Those pilots (over there)
(m)
Aquellos pilotos
Actividad 1
That victim (f)
Esa víctima
Actividad 1
Those explosions (over
there)
Aquellas explosiones
Demonstrative Pronouns
Demonstrative adjectives can
be used as pronouns when
the OBJECT HAS BEEN
IDENTIFIED ALREADY.
To distinguish pronouns from
adjectives, they have a written
accent.
AQUÍ
THIS
THAT
THAT
(over there)
éste
ése
aquél
ésta
ésa
aquélla
THESE
THOSE
THOSE
(over there)
éstos
ésos
aquéllos
éstas
ésas
aquéllas
PLURAL
ALLÁ
SINGULAR
ALLÍ
Ejemplos
• These bags and
those
• That jacket and
this one
• Those (clients)
over there
• Estos bolsos y
ésos
• Esa chaqueta y
ésta
• Aquéllos
Pause for Practice
Actividad II
Actividad II
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
This (rock) and that one
That portrait and this one
These murals and those
That mountain range (over there) and these
These vitamins and those (over there)
That pottery (over there) and this
Those matches and these
This trophy and that one (over there)
These qualities and those
Those snacks and those (over there)
Actividad 2
This rock and that one
Esta roca y ésa
Actividad 2
That portrait and this one
Ese retrato y éste
Actividad 2
These murals and those
Estos murales y ésos
Actividad 2
That mountain range
(over there) and these
Aquella sierra y éstas
Actividad 2
These vitamins and those
(over there)
Estas vitaminas y
aquéllas
Actividad 2
That pottery (over there)
and this
Aquella cerámica y ésta
Actividad 2
Those matches and these
Esos fósforos y éstos
Actividad 2
This trophy and that one
(over there)
Este trofeo y aquél
Actividad 2
These qualities and those
Estas cualidades y ésas
Actividad 2
Those snacks and those
(over there)
Esas meriendas y
aquéllas
To refer to an IDEA, or
SOMETHING THAT HAS
NOT BEEN IDENTIFIED, use
the neuter demonstrative
pronouns.
These pronouns do not have
an accent mark.
AQUÍ
ALLÍ
ALLÁ
THIS
THAT
THAT
(over there)
esto
eso
aquello
What do you remember?
• Demonstratives are used to tell…
• Demonstrative adjectives come _____ the noun
they modify.
• Demonstratives must agree in…
• What is the clue word for “these”? For “that”
For “that (over there)”?
• When will you use a demonstrative pronoun?
• When will you use a demonstrative pronoun in
neuter from?
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Demonstratives