Unit 7
A Rose Is a Rose
Backgroud Information:
Valentine’s Day:
Valentine was a priest in Rome at the time Christianity
was a new religion. The Emperor at that time, Claudius II,
ordered the Roman soldiers not to marry or become
engaged. Claudius believed that as married men, his
soldiers would want to stay home with their families
rather than fight his wars. Valentine defied the
Emperor’s decree and secretly married the young
couples. He was eventually arrested, imprisoned, and
put to death. Valentine was beheaded on February 14th,
the eve of the Roman holiday Lupercalia (牧神节). After
his death, Valentine was named a saint. As Rome
became more Christian, the priests moved the spring
holiday from the 15th of February to the 14th—
Valentine’s Day.
Backgroud Information:
The Andes Mountains
With many peaks and
active
over
The volcanoes
Andes Mountains
20,000
stretch feet,
over including
5,500 miles
the highest peak Cerro
from the southern tip of
Aconcagua (elevation
Argentina
and Chile
to
22,826, located
on the
the northern
part of
Chile
and Argentina
border),
majestic
Columbiathis
in south
region
is second only to
America.
the Himalayas in size
and average elevation.
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Backgroud Information:
Ecuador:
Ecuador, the “Republic of
the Equator”, was one of
three countries that emerged
from the collapse of Gran
Colombia in 1830 (the others
being Colombiaand
Venezuela). Between 1904
and 1942, Ecuador lost
territories in a series of
conflicts with its neighbors. A
border war with Peru that
flared in 1995 was resolved in
1999.
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Backgroud Information:
Colombia:
A 40- year insurgent campaign to overthrow
the Colombian Government escalated during the
1990s,
under
girded
Colombia
was
one in
of part
by funds from the drug
the three countries that
trade. Although the
emerged
from
the and
violence is
deadly
Large
swaths
of the
collapse
of Gran
countryside are under
Colombia in 1830 (the
guerrilla influence, the
others
being
Ecuador
movement
lacks
the and
military
strength or popuVenezuela).
lar support necessary to
overthrow the government.
Language of Roses

red rose

true love

white rose

purity

pink rose

first love

yellow rose

friendship

blue rose

kind
Text Structure Analysis
The passage can be divided into 4 parts:
Part I (Para. 1):
Part II (Para. 2-6):
As III
long
as the
rose remains the most popular
Part
(Para.
7-12):
flower
as
a symbol
of love, any changing
Part
IV
(Para.
13-14):
When selling
is no
longer
a beautiful
conditions
in theroses
nation’s
rose
industry
mean
Severe
foreign
competition
puts
U.S.
rose
When
people
in
the rose
business
are
trying
experience
for
traditional
shops,
one
much
to rose
growers,
andflower
to
those
who
growers
on
the
edge
of
bankruptcy.
Johnson
to
adapt
to
changing
conditions
the
distribute
roses
and Only,
those
who sell.
rose
retailer,
Roses
made
ainsuccess
with
Flowers,
a domestic
grower, they
however,
marketplace
in orderrose
to succeed,
long for
some adjustments.
finds
a way
the
good
oldout.
days of steady profits for them.
Summary:
Rose industry, both selling and growing
in U.S., is faced with severe challenges.
Fortunately, some retailers and growers
have found their way out. Roses Only, a
retailer, made it by holding prices down,
and Johnson Flowers survived the intense
competition through cooperation with
overseas rivals.
Words and Expressions














go out of style
range from…to…
circulate
in ones, twos and threes
soar
be left over
one’s formula for success
hold down
stuff
go bankrupt
account for
chase sb out of business
get a break
be on one’s side
For rose growers, those who …, this year’s
anticipated 7% increase in sales will be sweeter
than a 5-pound box of chocolate candy.
= It is expected that sales of roses this year
will increase by 7%. For rose growers,
those who deliver roses, and those who
sell, the increase will be sweeter than a 5pound box of chocolate candy.
译:对于玫瑰花种植商、分销商、零售商来说,预计今
年的销售量将增加7%,这一数字比一盒5磅重的巧克
力糖还要甜蜜。
Nothing says love like roses on Valentine’s Day.
(Para 1)
= Nothing says love as loudly as …
=**同理,
Nothing
can deliver the message of love
否定词+比较级表示最高级的含义.
better than …
Not/no/nothing/never/ …+more than结构
没有什么比情人节的一束长茎玫瑰更能表达爱情。
 The situation couldn’t be worse.
 I haven’t had a better meal.
**形容词的同等比较一经否定,就变得不平等了.
= This is the best meal …
 She is not so kind as you are.
 =You
It can’t
better.
are be
kinder
than不能再好了。
…
 I haven’t seen a prettier girl than her.

Our team has never been stronger.
go out of style: be out of date (Para 1)


And these lyrics and melodies never go out of
style.
而且这些歌词和旋律永远不会过时。
Do you think me new outfit will go out of style
quickly?


你觉得我的这套新装备会很快过时吗?
range from…to…: vary or extend between
certain limits (Para 3)

The ages of the children who took part in the
activity range from five to fifteen.
参加这项活动的孩子,年龄由5岁到15岁不等。

The increase in GDP in various provinces of
the coastal region ranged from several to
several dozen times.
沿海地区各省的国内生产总值的增长从几倍到几十倍不等
circulate: (Para 4)
1) cause to move around or through
 During the break, the students can circulate
2)around
cause to spread quickly
the desks and have a chat with each
 other.
If news, information, stories circulate, they
spread through a large group of people.
在课间,同学们可以围着课桌四处走动,互相聊天。
新闻、消息和故事传播开来,那它们是在一大群人中流传。

The
blood round
Oneheart
of thecirculate
rumors circulating
atthe
thebody.
moment
is
that the company is about to go bankrupt.
心脏使血液周身循环。
当时的谣传之一是:那家公司要倒闭了。
buy roses in ones, twos and threes (Para 5)
in: by means of; in the form of
• Please pack the books in tens/ dozens.
请把书十本一包/一打一包地包装好.
• The students entered the classroom in twos or
threes.
学生三三两两地走进了教室。
• Misfortunes never come in ones; blessings
never arrive in pairs.
祸不单行,福无双至。
soar: rise very quickly to a high level (Para 5)


The temperature soared to 43℃.
气温猛升到43℃.
People in this town starved; crime soared
because people had to steal to eat.
这个镇上的人们都在挨饿,犯罪事件剧增,因为只有偷窃
才能吃上东西。
be left over: 剩下来,留下来 (Para 5)
=remain after the rest has been used or divided
adj. 剩余的
•leftover:
If you divide
7 by 3, you have 1 left over.
7被3除余1.n. 剩余物, 残留物, 剩菜
put the leftovers
in the fridge.
•Please
After sharing
out the apples,
there were two
left over.
请把这些剩菜剩饭放进冰箱。
苹果分完之后,还剩两个。
• Today’s work should never be left over till
tomorrow.
今日事,今日毕。
one’s formula for success:
某人成功的秘诀
(Pare 6)
Sb.’s formula/recipe/prescription for (doing) sth.
• Luck
is else/to
not reliable,
because
is sth.
do sth.
else. one’s formula for
success lies in 99% of hard work plus only 1%
某人做……的诀窍
/ 秘诀是······
of luck.
 Tolerance, patience and understanding are
运气是靠不住的,因为一个人成功的秘诀在于99%的努力
her formula for a happy marriage.
加1%的运气。
宽容、耐心和理解是她幸福婚姻的秘诀。
His recipe for success in business is to
take
honesty as his cardinal principle and put the
customers first.
他生意场上成功的秘诀是:诚信为本,顾客至上。

hold down: keep at a low level; keep down
(Pare 6)


The owner has promised to hold the prices
down.
老板答应降低价格。
The rate of interest has been held down.
利息率被压低了。
stuff: v. fill with a substance; put sth into… as
filling material (Para 6)
Stuff is widely used in American English.
• Mother stuffed the pillow with cotton.
How
can you expect me to eat this stuff?
妈妈往枕头套里塞棉花。
你怎么指望我吃这些东西呢?
• Don’t stuff anything else in, or the bag will
burst.
It’s good stuff, isn’t it? 这是好东东,不是吗?
不要再往里面塞东西了。要不然袋子会撑破。
A: More soup?
B: No, thanks. I’m stuffed.(=I’m full.)
stuffed animals: toy animals with sth inserted
inside
go bankrupt: become unable to pay one’s debt
(Para 7)
• The company went bankrupt owing millions
of pounds.
这家公司因负债成千上百万而倒闭。
go + adj.
• go wrong/right
• go rotten/ bad
• go down / up(向下的、向上的)
• Everything went right and smooth so far.
至今诸事顺利。
account for:
(Para 7)
1) constitute the main factor导致; 构成决定性的或主
要的因素
to explain;
a reason
for
做出解释;
说明理由
2)Bad
weathergive
accounted
for
the
long delay.
3) 恶劣的天气导致长期的延缓。
supply
the amount that is mentioned 占, 构成
 The suspect couldn‘t account for his time
that night.
 The market
share of for
thisthe
product
 Melting
snow
accounts
regular spring
嫌疑犯不能说明那天晚上他的时间安排。
accounts
for 50% of the total in our
floods
in the valley.
country.
冰雪消融导致山谷每到春天就闹洪灾。
 How do you account for losing such a large
该产品在我国占据市场总份额的50%。
sum of money?
你怎么解释丢掉这么大一笔钱?
chase sb out of business: 迫使某人退出行业
(para 10)

•
Any company, if it is run with only profit in
mind regardless of morality, is bound to be
chased out of business.
任何一家公司,如果其经营惟利是图、不顾道义的话,注
定要从该行业中被挤出去。
Chase the mice out of the kitchen.
把老鼠从厨房赶走。
get a break: have a good luck (para 12)
•
Treasure your college life, for it is most likely
to be a break in your life.
珍惜你的大学生活,因为它极有可能是你人生的转机。
•
He’s got a good year with several big breaks.
这一年他事事顺利, 好运连连.
•
The breaks were against us.
[美俚]命运跟我们作对。
•
give sb. a break
给某人一个(改正错误的)机会
be on one’s side:
(para 12)
be in support of 赞同某人的意见
be in one’s favor 对某人有利
•
Justice is on our side.
正义在我们手里。
•
Don’t hug yourself for joy when things are on
your side; and similarly, don’t give yourself
up for lost when everything is not on your
side.
一帆风顺时,不可沾沾自喜;同样,事事不如意时,也
不要自暴自弃。
Questions and answers:
1. Have you ever sent or received flowers on
such an occasion? How do you feel when you
receive flowers?
2. Do you think gifts of devotion mean more to
you if they are more expensive?
3. How much do you know about Valentine’s
Day?
4. When we talk about love, there is another
name that sounds like a bell, Cupid. Do you
know anything about him?
5. What other festivals in the Western world are
you familiar with?
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Unit 6