World Intellectual Property Organization
and the WIPO Worldwide Academy
Martha Chikowore
Consultant, WIPO Worldwide Academy
April 3, 2008
MAIN TOPICS
• Introduction: What is Intellectual
Property?
• History of WIPO
• WIPO’s Role and Current Main Activities
• WIPO Worldwide Academy
Introduction
Intellectual Property:
Ideas, inventions, technologies, art
works, music and literature that are
intangible when first created but
become valuable in tangible form as
products.
Intellectual Property Tools
Industrial
Property
Copyright &
Related Rights
- patents
- trademarks
- industrial
designs
- geographical
indications
- literary, artistic,
musical works
- actors, music
distributors, etc.
Fields of Industrial Property
• Patents (protect technical features)
• Trademarks (protect a sign in relation to
goods and/or services)
• Designs (protect the external appearance of
a product)
• GI’s (geographical names identifying a
product from that place, the quality of which
is attributable to its geographical origin)
Origin of WIPO/History of WIPO
• 1873- international exhibition of inventions in
Vienna
• 1883- birth of the Paris Convention for the
Protection of Industrial Property
• 1886- adoption of the Berne Convention for
the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
Origin of WIPO/History of WIPO
• The Paris Convention and the Berne
Convention, each set up an International Bureau
• 1893- the two Bureaus united to form an
international organization called International
Bureau for the Protection of Intellectual Property
(BIRPI). It was based in Berne, Switzerland
• 1960 – BIRPI moved to Geneva
• 1970 – WIPO was established
• 1974 – WIPO became a UN Specialized Agency
Milestones : 1883 to 2008
2002
1989
1970
1960
1925
BIRPI moves to Geneva
Hague Agreement
1893
BIRPI
1891
1886
1883
Madrid Agreement
Berne Convention
Paris Convention
WIPO established
WIPO Convention
PLT
Internet
Treaties
Madrid Protocol
PCT
1970
1967
2005
Basic Facts about WIPO
WIPO’s Mission:
To promote the protection of IP rights
worldwide and extend the benefits
of the international IP system to all
Status: An int’l intergovernmental
organization
Member States: 184
Staff: 1500 from 100 countries
Treaties Administered: 24
Decisions by: GA, CC, WIPO Conference
Guiding Principles: Transparency,
Accountability, Consensus
Main Activities
Registration
Norm-Setting
Services facilitating the international
protection of intellectual property, making
them user-friendly, simpler and costeffective
Setting international standards
through adoption of hard laws
(treaties) and
soft laws (principles, guidelines,
recommendations)
International
classification
and standardization
activities
Cooperation among industrial property offices
concerning patents, TM and Ind. des. documentation
Program Activities:
IP for Development
Legal-Technical assistance to developing
countries,
LDCs, capacity building of Member States
Main activities
Promote Understanding of IP
Registration
Administration of treaties
Cooperation for development
Human Resources Development
(WIPO Worldwide Academy)
Other programs
IP and economic development
Strategic use of IP
IP and new technology
Creative industries
Collective management
IP and SMEs
IP and LDCs
Traditional Knowledge, Folklore and
Genetic Resources
Human Resources Dev.
• WIPO Worldwide Academy Programs
– Professional Development
– Policy Development
– Education Degree/Diploma
– Distance Learning Program
– Executive & Research
– WIPO Summer School
Professional Training
Objective: To train
- Professional staff in IP Offices
- R&D Institutions
- Industry Associations
- Intergovernmental Orgs
- Partnership with
National/Regional IP Institutions
Policy Development
• Objective - To provide a forum for sharing
information and training:
– decision-makers
– Policy advisors
– Law enforcement officials, Judges etc.
– Diplomats
– General public
– Gov’t officials (WTO-TPC)
– Professors (WIPO-WTO Colloquium)
Cooperation with Universities
Degree & Diploma Programs:



Turin, Italy (LLM in IP)
Lund/Raoul Wallenberg
Institute, Sweden (LLM in H/R & IP)
Indira Gandhi National Open University
(IGNOU), India (Diploma in IP)
 South Africa (UNISA) (Certificate in IP)
 University of Bucharest, Romania
(Diploma in IP)
“Distance
should no longer
be an obstruction
to instruction”
Dr. Kamil Idris
Director General
Distance Learning
Cost effective
 Flexible
 Large audiences

Languages:
Arabic, Chinese, English, French,
Portuguese, Russian, Spanish
Costing per course
• DL-001 - free
• DL- 101 - free
• Advanced Courses:
– US$80.00 students & professors
– US$120.00 participants from Developing
countries
– US$400.00 participants from Developed
countries
Research & Executive
Program
• IP Research
– Objective: Better understanding of the role
and impact of IP on industry, national,
regional and international development
– Interdisciplinary
– Strengthen leadership quality in the IP field of
individuals and organizations
WIPO Academy Summer School
Objective:
To enhance IP
skills of senior
students and
young
professionals
field of IP.
“We arrived as
individuals, we
left as an
IP network”
WIPO’s Income
2006-2007
15%
1% 2%
6%
1
76
76%
Total: 531 M CHF
Member States
PCT System
Madrid Sytem
Hague System
Other
The World Intellectual
Property Organization
http://www.wipo.int
Thank you
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WIPO Worldwide Academy 2001