India Perspective - ICT
November, 2008
India 
1.1 billion people

600,000 Villages… 70% population rural

Diversity – language, culture, religion

Multi-party, Multi-tiered democracy

Federal Structure of Government
2
Centre
29 States & 6 UTs
240,000 Local Government Institutions
India on the move…
• One of the fastest growing nations
– GDP growth
2005-06 - 8.4%
2006-07 - 9.4%
2007-08 - 8.7%
2008-09 - 7.5% (Expected)
– Potential for sustained double-digit growth
Contd…..
India on the move…
• Strong investment momentum
– Market capitalization up from USD 140 Billion in FY
2001 to > USD 1 Trillion recently (during 2007-08)
– FDI on the rise - USD 7.6 Billion (06) and USD 19.4
Billion (2007-08)
– 140 + public traded companies with market cap > USD
1 Billion
By 2050, India’s projected GDP is US$ 70 Trillion
India on the move…
•
Demand
 5th largest consumer market in the world by 2025.
 300 Million growing middle class
 Rising incomes to lift 291 Million out of poverty to make 583 Million
middle class by 2025
•
Talent
 India’s educational infrastructure a critical enabling factor
 220 universities 10,000 colleges, 0.33 million teachers
 3 million Graduates, 0.6 million engineers, 1600 PhDs annually
 Increasing focus on talent development / improving employability
 Sector focused initiatives, Private participation in training /ITIs
Domestic Market For Major Hardware products
For 2007-08
– 7.25 million PCs sold; Installed base: 31 million
– 13 million TVs consumed; Installed base 170 million
– Over 5 million DVDs sold: growing at 40% annually
– Internet users: over 60 million;
– Broadband connections: 5 million
– Mobile Installed base: 305 million
– Current mobile sales: over 9 million per month
India 

Rapid growth in IT/Services Sector
Explosive growth in telecom
– 8-9 million mobile subscribers added per month
– 60 million internet users, and growing…
………….But



Sharp economic and social divide
Poor penetration of computers and low levels of e-literacy
Different levels of adoption of technology
Millions wait to access information and services
from authorities
7
National e-Governance Plan
An Overview
8
Use of ICT to bring about transformation in Public Service
Delivery
Creation of digital service delivery platform spanning the
entire country
Citizens empowered with RTI Act
Ambitious National e-Governance Plan driven
by vision of improved Public Service
Delivery
Vision of NeGP
“Make all Government services accessible
to the common man in his locality,
through common service delivery outlets
and ensure efficiency, transparency &
reliability of such services at affordable
costs to realise the basic needs of the
common man”
10
NeGP Strategy

Focus on Public Service Delivery & Outcomes
– Process Re-engineering & transformation
– Radical changes in government service delivery
– Change Management

Centralized Initiative

Effective Public Private Partnership

Standardization of core policies & practices to ensure
integration of services and interaction between
applications
Decentralized implementation
NeGP MMPs
MMPs identified on high citizen / business interface
Cover range of key services offered by Departments
Central (9 )
• Income Tax
• Central Excise
• Passports/Visa
• Immigration
• MCA 21
• UID
• Pensions
•E-Office
Industry Initiative
• Banking
• Insurance
12
State (11)
For 35 States
• Agriculture
• Land Records - I & II
Registration (NLRMP)
• Transport
• Treasuries
• Commercial Taxes
• Gram Panchayat
• Municipalities
• Police
• Employment Ex.
• E-District
States can add up to 5
state specific Projects
Integrated (7)
• e-BIZ
• EDI
• India Portal
• Common Service
Centers
• NSDG
• E Courts
• E Procurement
NeGP : The Dimensions
SWANs : 2 Mbps
connectivity up to Block
20 GOI Deptts,
35 States / UTs
360 Deptts @ States
100,000 Common Services
Centres as front ends
State Data Centres
Major capacity building
program in pipeline
•
US$ 4800 mn
Health
Education
Agriculture
Digital Signature
Land Records
Registration
Driver’s License,
Panchayats,
Municipalities,
Income Tax,
Passport/Visa
Online Returns
Standards
13
NeGP Components
NeGP CORE COMPONENTS
Core
Policies
Core
Infrastructure

HRD & Training
(SWAN, CSCs , SDC )

Awareness & Assessment
Support

Organization Structures
Infrastructure
Technical
R&D
14
Assistance
Formation of SeMTs &
PeMTs
Core & Support Infrastructure
All services supported by 3 infrastructure pillars to facilitate
web-enabled Anytime, Anywhere access

Common Service Centers (CSCs) – 100,000 CSCs covering
600,000 villages)
•Broad Band internet enabled kiosks for delivery of
government and private services to citizens.

State Wide Area Networks (SWANs)
•A 2 Mbps intranet extending up to the Block level

State Data Centers ( SDCs)
• Shared resource for secure hosting of Data, Services &
Applications
e-Governance Service Delivery Strategy
Role Of DIT

Serve as a secretariat to the Apex Committee and assist it in
managing the programme.
 Assist National Advisory Group and Body under Chairmanship of
the Prime Minister.

Carry out technical appraisal of all NeGP projects, prior to their
being placed before the EFC/ CNE.

Provide technical assistance to various Ministries/ States

Implement pilot/ infrastructure/ technical/ special projects

Support components including Capacity Building

Standards
17
Initiatives in ICT
VISION
1. Use IT as an enabling tool to bring equitable prosperity
2. Employment generation
3. IT led economic growth
4. Creation of wealth through IT
5. Make India a leading global IT player
* * We are lucky to be in the 21st Century
Capacity Building and ICT Infrastructure
Formal Education
To integrate intranet and internet into the learning
environment at educational institutes.
• Vidhya Vahini - 147 Senior Secondary schools completed
with broadband VSAT connectivity at 128Kbps including
server, desktops and printer in LAN environment.
• Jawahar
Navodaya Vidyalayas(JNV) - To interconnect
connect 300 JNV
• UGC-Infonet - To interlink 220 Universities in the country
with multimedia capabilities for video conferencing and
distance learning.
153 Universities connected with 256 Kbps broadband link.
20
Capacity Building and ICT Infrastructure
Computer Education in Non Formal Sector
DOEACC provides computer education in non-formal sector to feed
quality manpower to Information, Electronics and Communication
Technology industry •Certificate Course on Computer Concepts (CCC),
•Foundation (O) level,
•Advanced Diploma (A) level,
•MCA Degree equivalent (B) level and,
•M.Tech Degree (C) level.
These courses are upgraded on a continual basis to suit changing
industry needs and in line with technology trends, complying with the
requirements of ISO 9001-2000.
Capacity Building and ICT Infrastructure
ICT Vocational Training Centers for the Disabled
• To promote the computer literacy among
disabled children for enhancing their skills
and employability
Phase-I (2005–08)
• Focus on
a) Visually challenged
b) Hearing/speech impaired
• 21 IT enabled centers set up.
Phase-II (2008-09)
• 100 schools
•
Other disabilities are also covered.
Blind Children at ERNET’s
22
ICT Center, Tamil Nadu
Capacity Building and ICT Infrastructure
ICT in Agriculture Sector
• Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) to setup Satellite
Hub and IT infrastructure at 200 of its Krishi Vigyan Kendras
(Agri Science Centre) (KVK) VKs located in the rural and remote
areas of the country.
• Each KVK to have an Information Hub with desktop computers,
server, printers and scanner hosted in a LAN environment.
• A dedicated Satellite Hub at ICAR, New Delhi to be connected to
KVKs through VSATs
• The facility for accessing and disseminating information on
agriculture and weather for the farmers.
• Training on networking and web technologies for officials of the
KVKs.
23
Critical Infrastructure in difficult areas
Community Information Centres
• 1000 CICs have been set up at difficult and remote hilly
locations including North Eastern part of the country
with necessary hardware using VSATs.
• CICs imparting ICT based education and training and
providing citizen centric services.
• CICs facilitate services like e-mail, access to various
socio-economic
databases,
e-newspapers,
eprocurement, grievance redressal, weather information,
etc.
24
Technology Development in Local languages
Providing content in local language is a major task
towards bridging digital divide, especially in a country like
India, which has eighteen languages and several local
dialects.
The Technology Development for Indian Languages
(TDIL) program developing Information Processing Tools
and Techniques to facilitate human-machine interaction
without language barrier; creating and accessing
multilingual knowledge resources; and integrating them to
develop innovative user products and services.
TDIL program has developed developed technologies for
providing content and applications including browsers
almost in eighteen recognized languages of India.
Conclusion
•
We have made significant progress in ICT
sector
•
We are willing to collaborate and cooperate in
sharing our expertise and learning from
other’s experiences
•
To make the world more prosperous and
peaceful by having inclusive growth.
Thank you
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