OSINT Requirements Management “A USSOCOM Perspective” Benjamin M. Harrison Chief, Open Source Exploitation Branch (OSEB) United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) 13 April 2004 USSOCOM Mission USSOCOM Plans, Directs and executes Special Operations in the conduct of the Global War on terrorism in order to disrupt, defeat and destroy terrorist networks that threaten the United States, its citizens and interests worldwide. USSOCOM organizes, trains, and equips special operations forces provided to geographic Combatant Commanders, American Ambassadors and their Country Teams. Requirements 101 • Re-quire’ment (n.): 1. To have as a requisite. NEED. 2. To call for as appropriate. DEMAND. WEBSTER’S II, New Riverside University Dictionary, 1988 • Intelligence Requirement – A need or demand categorized as Production or Collection - Collection: Raw Information - Production: Vetted Finished Intelligence Requirements Management • Process Oriented Duty encompassing two phases (Collection & Production) of the Intelligence Cycle • Involves the sources of five other intelligence disciplines (HUMINT, IMINT, SIGINT, MASINT, TECHINT) Intelligence Operations Model Requirements Challenges • 16 Missions = A Plethora of Needs and Demands • Global Responsibility = Global Coverage - Deployed to 152 Countries / Foreign Territories - 16 Crisis Response Operations - 280 Joint Combined Exercises for Training in 104 Countries - Collection in 29+ languages Requirements Challenges (cont) • Customer Base = Extremely Diverse • Production Management = Format (HTML & XML) and Dissemination Applications • Environment = Responsive to Full Operational Continuum Business Process Commercial Online Books & Journals Maps, GIS, Commercial Imagery Telephone Surveys Centralized Execution Conferences & Dissertations Complex Human & IT Services Gray Literature Internet The Value of OSINT “OSINT as the source of first resort” : - Provides foundation and context for analysts that can be fused with collateral information - Can meet 80% of intelligence information needs - OSINT can serve in an Indications & Warning capacity (intentions and capabilities) - OSINT is a combination of other intelligence disciplines - OSINT can be used to vet classified single-source data THE “BIG” PROBLEM : OTHER INTS ARE “FREE”…OSINT IS NOT! METRICS 45% 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 43% 15% 20% 10% 5% 19% 5% 10% 0% Percentage of Files on SIPRNET THREAT CEXC CountryLink SODARS MCS OSEB THE IMPACT OF RM Tracking requirements on COLISEUM has shown: - Volume of requirements (manpower) - Depth of requirements (mission support) - Value for filling requirements (money) - Justifies new hires (manpower) - Bottom Line: Senior leadership knows who we are, what we do, and how well we do it. Essential Tasks Task Description July August September October November December January February March Completed Develop CONOPS Working Develop Terms of Reference Develop Cover Support Plan Completed Equip Acquisition/Integration Completed Develop/Activate Website Continuous Event Populate Website Free Internet Access Acquire Internet Access Continuous Event Initiate Production Cycle Define Tasking/RFI Procedures No Access Completed Working Develop RFI Tracking System Develop Dissemination Formats Identify Sources Develop Source Matrix Conduct 6 Month IPR Completed* Continuous Event Continuous Event Completed “A rapidly changing world deals ruthlessly with organizations that do not change – USSOCOM is no exception” General Peter J. Schoomaker USCINCSOC Questions ?