OSINT Requirements
Management
“A USSOCOM Perspective”
Benjamin M. Harrison
Chief, Open Source Exploitation Branch (OSEB)
United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM)
13 April 2004
USSOCOM Mission
USSOCOM Plans, Directs and executes Special
Operations in the conduct of the Global War on
terrorism in order to disrupt, defeat and destroy
terrorist networks that threaten the United States, its
citizens and interests worldwide. USSOCOM
organizes, trains, and equips special operations
forces provided to geographic Combatant
Commanders, American Ambassadors and their
Country Teams.
Requirements 101
• Re-quire’ment (n.): 1. To have as a requisite.
NEED. 2. To call for as appropriate. DEMAND.
WEBSTER’S II, New Riverside University Dictionary, 1988
• Intelligence Requirement – A need or demand
categorized as Production or Collection
- Collection: Raw Information
- Production: Vetted Finished Intelligence
Requirements
Management
• Process Oriented Duty encompassing two
phases (Collection & Production) of the
Intelligence Cycle
• Involves the sources of five other intelligence
disciplines (HUMINT, IMINT, SIGINT, MASINT,
TECHINT)
Intelligence Operations
Model
Requirements Challenges
• 16 Missions = A Plethora of Needs and
Demands
• Global Responsibility = Global Coverage
- Deployed to 152 Countries / Foreign Territories
- 16 Crisis Response Operations
- 280 Joint Combined Exercises for Training in 104
Countries
- Collection in 29+ languages
Requirements Challenges
(cont)
• Customer Base = Extremely Diverse
• Production Management = Format (HTML &
XML) and Dissemination Applications
• Environment = Responsive to Full
Operational Continuum
Business Process
Commercial Online
Books &
Journals
Maps, GIS,
Commercial
Imagery
Telephone
Surveys
Centralized
Execution
Conferences &
Dissertations
Complex
Human &
IT Services
Gray
Literature
Internet
The Value of OSINT
“OSINT as the source of first resort” :
- Provides foundation and context for analysts that can be fused with
collateral information
- Can meet 80% of intelligence information needs
- OSINT can serve in an Indications & Warning capacity (intentions and
capabilities)
- OSINT is a combination of other intelligence disciplines
- OSINT can be used to vet classified single-source data
THE “BIG” PROBLEM : OTHER INTS ARE “FREE”…OSINT IS NOT!
METRICS
45%
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
43%
15%
20%
10%
5%
19%
5%
10%
0%
Percentage of Files on SIPRNET
THREAT
CEXC
CountryLink
SODARS
MCS
OSEB
THE IMPACT OF RM
Tracking requirements on COLISEUM has shown:
- Volume of requirements (manpower)
- Depth of requirements (mission support)
- Value for filling requirements (money)
- Justifies new hires (manpower)
- Bottom Line: Senior leadership knows who we are,
what we do, and how well we do it.
Essential Tasks
Task Description
July
August
September
October
November December
January
February
March
Completed
Develop CONOPS
Working
Develop Terms of Reference
Develop Cover Support Plan
Completed
Equip Acquisition/Integration
Completed
Develop/Activate Website
Continuous Event
Populate Website
Free Internet Access
Acquire Internet Access
Continuous Event
Initiate Production Cycle
Define Tasking/RFI Procedures
No Access
Completed
Working
Develop RFI Tracking System
Develop Dissemination Formats
Identify Sources
Develop Source Matrix
Conduct 6 Month IPR
Completed*
Continuous Event
Continuous Event
Completed
“A rapidly changing world deals
ruthlessly with organizations that
do not change – USSOCOM is no exception”
General Peter J. Schoomaker
USCINCSOC
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