ACE Arts for Children’s Enrichment DOTS AND LINES! ACE Arts for Children’s Enrichment Welcome! To help us improve our programming, please complete the surveys before we start. Thank you! ACE Arts for Children’s Enrichment Lesson Timeline: 10 min – survey 30 min – slides / discussion 70 min – activity 10 min – final survey / reflection / presentation ACE Arts for Children’s Enrichment Image Copyrights We sincerely thank Artlandish Aboriginal Art Gallery, one of the largest Aboriginal art galleries in the world, for providing permission to share art from their website in this presentation and curriculum. We sincerely respect and honor the artists. Copyrights of the images remain with the artist at all times. Please visit www.artlandish.com for inspiration, artist profiles, artist videos, Aboriginal artefacts, and more! Dots and Lines! Explore the Aboriginal culture of the land down under! Stories are told and dreams are captured by Australia’s Aborigines through their artwork. Julie Yatjitja: Line – Journey through Country  In this unit, you will experiment with different art mediums using dots and lines to express your own thoughts. Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab  Dots and Lines! Learn about Australian Aboriginal culture and geography through art. Julie Yatjitja: Line – Journey through Country  Experiment with various art mediums to learn about Elements of art: line and texture Principles of design: repetition, pattern, rhythm, and balance Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab  Dots and Lines! Goals of the Unit Develop skills in art techniques Improve comfort in expressing self through art and various materials Julie Yatjitja: Line – Journey through Country  Learn about Australian geography, history, culture, and art http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CKqA3RteH1A&NR=1 YouTube: Introduction to Aboriginal Art History (1:14 min) Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab  Dots and Lines! 4 Learning Activities Lesson 1 – Introduction to Line Julie Yatjitja: Line – Journey through Country  Focus: geography, culturally stylistic features Felt pen on papyrus Imitate the styles of line work often found on bark painting Lesson 2 – Tribute to an Artist Focus: Aboriginal artists’ styles and lifestyle Paint on wood Imitate an aboriginal artist’s style using your own color palette Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab  Dots and Lines! 4 Learning Activities Lesson 3 – Dreaming Mural Julie Yatjitja: Line – Journey through Country  Focus: personal expression, contribution to earth Paint on panels Use a specific style and color palette to make a personal statement in a collective piece of art Field Trip Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab  Visit an art museum or gallery to experience Aboriginal artwork Catalog the various styles exhibited Sketch a selected piece in pencil and add color at home from your kitchen cupboards and fridge! Focus: using natural materials Dots and Lines! Guiding Cultural Connections Questions What do you know about Australian geography? What do you know about Australian history? What are some issues? Julie Yatjitja: Line – Journey through Country  Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab  Guiding Art Questions What are common stylistic features of Aboriginal Art? How do artists demonstrate rhythm, unity, texture, or balance in art? How do Aboriginal artists use dots and lines in their artwork? Dots and Lines! What do you know about Australian Geography? Dots and Lines! What do you know about Australia? In what hemisphere is Australia located? http://1800-countries.com/ Label your regional map now! Please use next slide! http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3b/Australia_states_blank.png Dots and Lines! What do you know about Australia? On your map, fill in the 8 regions (ACT = Australian Capital Territory). Dots and Lines! What do you know about Australia? Australian Capital Territory When Australia became a federated nation in 1901, the Government of Australia decided they needed a site to host the new National Capital. Some land in New South Wales was put aside for this purpose and became known as the Australian Capital Territory. The nation's new capital would be called Canberra (an Aboriginal word for meeting place) and an international competition was held to find the most appropriate design for a forward-looking, city in the park -- won by Walter Burley Griffin. http://www.travelnotes.org/1800/Australia/index.htm Dots and Lines! What do you know about Australia? Geography The commonwealth of Australia consists of the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands around the mainland. Australia is the world’s largest island and smallest continent. The Barrier Reef is the largest coral in the world. The vast interior is called the Outback. A large part of the continent is dry. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Australia-climate-map_MJC01.png Dots and Lines! What do you know about Australian History? Dots and Lines! What do you know about Australian History? Australia was sighted by Europeans in 1606 and in 1770, James Cook mapped the east coast of Australia, named New South Wales and claimed the land for Great Britain. The British Crown Colony of New South Wales was formed in 1788 and became a penal colony (a place prisoners were sent). The last convict ship arrived in 1848 after a campaign by settlers of New South Wales. Cook’s Three Voyages http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Captain_Cook Dots and Lines! Issues • • • • • The Australian mainland and Tasmania were inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 50,000 years before European settlement in the late 18th century. The Indigenous Australians spoke around 250 different languages. The Indigenous population estimated at 350,000 at the time of European settlement declined steeply for 150 years following settlement due to infectious diseases. The term “Stolen Generations” or “Stolen Children” is a term used to described Australian Aboriginal children who were removed from their families by the Australian Federal and State government and church missions between 1869-1969 and into the 1970s. Rationales and reasoning behind their removal are highly contested. In 2008, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd formally apologized to the Australian Aboriginal people. Aboriginal Peoples create art as a way to reclaim their loss and share their histories with future generations. In the past, Native American children in Washington have also been removed from their families to be put in boarding schools. Turn to a neighbor and discuss how you might feel if the country you lived in forced you to be separated from your parents based on your ethnicity? http://www.aboriginalartonline.com/resources/articles4.php http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papunya_Tula Dots and Lines! Issues • In 1971, Geoffrey Bardon, a school teacher, encouraged children to paint a mural using traditional art styles. Traditionally, body painting art styles were used for spiritual purposes. Many symbols depicted creation dreaming stories. • When some of the elder men saw what the children were doing, they felt they were more suited to tell the stories and started painting a famous mural called Honey Ant Dreaming. The Politics of the Secret (1995) is an account written by Dick Kimber of the “angry uproar” from senior Pitjantjatjara men who felt that the sale and display of some Aboriginal art was a serious transgression. • Papunya Tula is an artist group formed in 1972. This Western Desert Art Movement is known for “dot painting”. It is based in Alice Springs and represents Aboriginal art in Central Australia. Different regions have different styles. • Complex dotting and over-dotting styles which have developed since the 1970’s are a means to hide the sacred stories in the paintings. For accurate translations, the stories are revealed by the artist to only the “insiders”. http://www.aboriginalartonline.com/resources/articles4.php http://www.aboriginalartonline.com/culture/symbols.php http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papunya_Tula Dots and Lines! A Dreamtime Story about the Pleiades star cluster known as the Seven Sisters • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GyURO3ymfMo&feature=related • A Dreaming is a creation story owned by different tribes and their members. Painted ceremonial dreamings are passed on by gender – a daughter, by tribal law, is not allowed to see male tribal ceremonies so they paint different stories passed down through their maternal line. Wendy Nungarrayi Brown Seven Sisters Dreaming Dots and Lines! Let’s look at what we’re looking at! Please turn to your Vocabulary Page. Follow along with me as I explain some key vocabulary that will help you name and notice some aspects of line, repetition, and unity. Radial Unity Karen Napaljarri Barnes: Women’s Dreaming Dots and Lines! Central Art - Aboriginal Art Gallery http://www.aboriginalartstore.com.au/aboriginal-art/?page=all As you browse through 8-10 of these fabulous pieces, use your vocabulary sheet to name the line types you are seeing and the repetition rhythms you notice. Do you see pieces which exemplify unity (balance, symmetrical, asymmetrical, radial)? Dots and Lines! Now please turn to your Symbols Exercise Page Use the next 4 slides to label the symbols often used in Aboriginal Art http://www.ausemade.com.au/aboriginal/resources/symbols/symbols.htm#1 Symbols, Icons, and Imagery campfire Campfire or waterhole http://www.ausemade.com.au/aboriginal/resources/symbols/symbols.htm#1 camp Symbols, Icons, and Imagery Travelling, circles are resting places or campsites People sitting http://www.ausemade.com.au/aboriginal/resources/symbols/symbols.htm#1 Women and children: teaching Symbols, Icons, and Imagery gathering shelter http://www.ausemade.com.au/aboriginal/resources/symbols/symbols.htm#1 meeting place Symbols, Icons, and Imagery Women around campfire with digging stick http://www.ausemade.com.au/aboriginal/resources/symbols/symbols.htm#1 Entrance to goanna burrow Entrance to goanna burrow in spinifex country Dots and Lines! Art and the Artists! As you prepare to make your own piece of Aboriginal art, think about the style you would like to experiment with: outlining with white dots, geometric shapes, flowing lines, intricate details, aerial maps? What story or secret will your art be about? This video will help you think about process http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M4upLoj7ROI&feature=related Yindi Artz, paints a commissioned piece called “Family”. (5:42 min) Dots and Lines! Did you know? • In 2007, a single painting by Papunya Tula artist, Clifford Possum Tjapaltjari was sold for $2.4 million. • In 2007, a Senate inquiry report recommended increased funding for the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission to monitor the exploitation of Indigenous artists. “Carpetbaggers”, including commercial gallery owners, dealers, and private agents purchase Indigenous art at a fraction of the cost and then sell the art on the internet at exorbitant prices. As you look at the following pieces, can you share what makes them “good”? http://www.theage.com.au/news/arts/canberra-push-on-indigenous-art-carpetbaggers/2007/06/21/1182019278425.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papunya_Tula Dots and Lines! Examples: Line, repetition, texture Greeny Purvis Petyarre: Yam Dreaming http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/602400/greeny-purvis-petyarre-yam-dreaming.html Dots and Lines! Examples: Line, flowing rhythms Rusty Peters http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/853811/rusty-peters-touch-the-earth.html Dots and Lines! Examples: Line repetition, texture Charlene Carrington / Kungame Kungame http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/607550/jock-mosquito-marella.html Jack Mosquito / Marella http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/607550/jock-mosquito-marella.html Dots and Lines! Examples: Line, repetition, repeating shapes Minni Pwerle: Bush Melons & Roundels http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/475943/minnie-pwerle-bush-melons-roundels.html Dots and Lines! Examples: Line repetition, texture Minni Pwerle: Bush Melons & Roundels http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/475932/minnie-pwerleawelye-atnwengerrp-bush-melons-roundels.html Reanne Nampijinpa Brown: Water Dreaming http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/1026946/reannenampijinpa-brown-water-dreaming.html Dots and Lines! Examples: Repetition, pattern, flowing rhrythm Naata Nungurray: Women’s Ceremony. Priced at $75,000 Naata is one of Australia’s leading artists. One of her works was sold for $216,000 in a Sotheby’s Auction in 2007. http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/404440/naata-nungurrayi-womens-ceremony.html Dots and Lines! Examples: Line repetition, texture, rhythm Naata Nungurray: Women’s Ceremony http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/610414/naata-nungurrayi-womens-ceremony.html http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/1069805/naata-nungurrayi-marrapinti.html Dots and Lines! Examples: Line, repetition Gabriella Possum Nungurrayi: Father’s Dreaming (Narripi) http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/964042/gabriella-possum-nungurrayi-fathers-dreaming-narripi.html Dots and Lines! Ju Ju Wilson: Waterholes http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/1014907/ju-ju-wilson-waterholes.html Dots and Lines! YouTube Clips http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0uQrI310jRk&feature=player_embedded Slideshow of Aboriginal Art by award winning Wiradjuri artist De Greer Yindimincarlie. Accompanied with Aboriginal music (1:20 min) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Te6CD0EGxM0&feature=related Janet Nakamarra, Aboriginal Artist from the Central Desert of Australia talks about her art (49 sec) Dots and Lines! Art materials Ochre was the most important painting material. It is a crumbly to hard rock heavily colored by iron oxide. It is pale yellow to dark reddish-brown. Red ochre symbolizes the blood of ancestral beings. Paints are made by grinding the rock into power then mixing it with a blinder (glue), such as spinifex gum, saliva, kangaroo blood, or more commonly now, an acrylic binder. Think about what you have in your kitchen that could be used for color in art pieces. http://www.aboriginalartonline.com/methods/methods.php ACE Arts for Children’s Enrichment Time to make art! Remember to fill out your surveys when you’re done! Thank you!