Computers Are
Your Future
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Computers Are Your Future
Chapter 10
Careers and Certification
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Slide 2
Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
What You Will Learn . . .
 Traditional information technology (IT) career paths
 Computer science (CS) and computer information science
(CIS) curricula in colleges and universities
 Settings in which most IT workers find employment
 The business skills IS managers want in new IT workers
 The technical skills currently in high demand
 The positive and negative aspects of certification
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Traditional Information Technology (IT)
Career Paths
Learn about computers.
 Stay abreast of job trends.
 http://www.stats.bls.gov
A Bachelor’s degree is a prerequisite for the best jobs.
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Traditional Information Technology (IT)
Career Paths
Information technology (IT) professionals
 Work with IT in all its various forms
 Are needed by both small and large companies
 Keep up with fast-changing technology
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Typical Job Titles and Responsibilities in a
Corporate IS Department
Job Title
Responsibilities
Chief Information
Officer (CIO)
Senior-level management
Defines the IS department’s mission, objectives, and budgets
Director of Computer
Operations
Middle-management position
Emphasizes overall system reliability
Director of Network
Services
Middle-management position
Emphasizes overall network reliability
Network Engineer
Installs, maintains, and supports computer networks
Systems Programmer/
Administrator
Installs, maintains, and supports the operating system
Client/Server Manager
Installs, maintains, and supports client/server applications
Systems Analyst
Interacts with others to design information systems
Programmer/Analyst
Designs, codes, and tests software
Programmer
Writes code according to specifications
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Typical Job Titles and Responsibilities in a
Software Development Firm
Job Title
Responsibilities
Director of Research and
Development
Senior-level management position in
charge of all product development activities
Software Architect
Computer scientists who are challenged
to create new, cutting-edge technologies
Software Engineer
Manages the details of software
development projects
Systems Engineer
Gives technical presentations and supports
products on-site
Software Developer
Develops new programs under the direction
of the software architect
Customer Support
Technician
Provides assistance to customers who
need help with products
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Traditional Information Technology (IT)
Career Paths
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
 Fastest growing industries in US economy:
 Software publishing
 Computer system design
 Related computer services
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Traditional Information Technology (IT)
Career Paths
Offshoring
 Transfer of jobs from workers in one country to workers
in other countries
Outsourcing
 Transfer of labor from the firm to outside entities
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Education for Traditional IT Careers
 Computer Science (CS)
 Computer Information Systems (CIS)
 Systems and Software Engineering
 Electrical Engineering
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Computer Science (CS)
 Computer science uses the
principles of science and
engineering to improve
computing.
 Theory rather than the
practical applications of
computing is emphasized.
 Training is technical and
involves higher mathematics
(calculus).
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Computer Science (CS)
Training also involves
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Programming languages
Programming language structure
Advanced computer graphics
Artificial intelligence
Relational database design
Graduates find jobs in software development firms and
information systems departments.
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Computer Information Systems (CIS)
 Computer information system departments are usually
located within business schools.
 CIS focuses on the practical applications of computing.
 The skills needed by businesses are emphasized.
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Computer Information Systems (CIS)
Training involves
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Programming
Systems analysis
Finance and marketing
Communications skills
Interpersonal skills
Graduates find jobs in corporate information systems
departments as well as software development
companies.
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Systems Engineering
 Systems engineering uses the
scientific method to create and
maintain systems in business and
industry.
 Systems engineering emphasizes
looking at the whole picture.
 Students learn project
management skills.
 Graduates are in high demand in
the areas of software
development, systems analysis,
and program development.
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Electrical Engineering
 Electrical engineering focuses on digital circuit
design and communication technologies.
 Jobs are in hardware development.
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Traditional Methods of Continuing Education
Training Seminars
 Computer-related
 Last from one day to one week
 Presented by hardware or software developers or
companies specializing in training for new technology
Computer Magazines, Newspapers, and Journals
 Indispensable resources for IT professionals
 Either cover the entire world of computer issues or are
aimed at a specific part
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Traditional Methods of Continuing Education
Conferences and Shows
 Are a way of keeping in touch with the profession
 Trade shows – Annual meetings in which manufacturers,
designers, and dealers showcase their products
Professional Organizations
 Provide a way to keep up with a particular area of interest
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Professional Organizations
 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
 Association for Women in Computing (AWC)
 Association of Internet Professionals (AIP)
 Data Processing Management Association (DPMA)
 Network Professional Association (NPA)
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
New Information Technology (IT)
Career Paths
 New technologies and the nature of businesses are
changing IT careers.
 A four-year college degree is insufficient for
some employers.
 Employees need skills in communication, business,
and technology.
 Corporate downsizing or mergers may affect
IT careers.
 IT workers must manage their own careers.
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Sought-After Business Skills
 Teamwork – Ability of an
individual to work effectively in a
team environment
 Project management – Ability to
plan and manage a project
 Communication –Writing and
interpersonal skills as well as the
ability to give presentations
 Business acumen – Some
knowledge of business
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Sought-After Technology Skills
 Networking – Skills related to Ethernet, TCP/IP, and
LAN administration
 Microsoft Windows XP – Integration of .NET Passport
with Windows XP
 UNIX – Strong demand for UNIX system configuration,
maintenance, networking, and programming
 TCP/IP – Knowledge of Internet protocols
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Sought-After Technology Skills
 Oracle – Experience in working with Oracle database and
client/server applications
 C++ – Language of choice for software development
 Microsoft Visual Basic – Rapid application development and
code reusability
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
New Jobs in Information Technology
Job Title
Responsibilities
Interactive Digital
Media Specialist
Creates engaging presentations, including
animation and video
Web master
Designs and maintains a Web server and related
database servers
Web Application
Engineer
Designs, develops, tests, and documents new
Web-based services for Web sites
Web Specialist
Creates high-quality content pages for Web sites
Network/Internet
Security Specialist
Installs and maintains firewalls, antivirus
software, and other security software
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Certification
Certification is a skills and knowledge assessment
organized by computer industry vendors.
To obtain a certificate you:
• Take courses at a college, training center, or study
on your own
• Take a comprehensive examination
• Certificate is issued when the exam is passed
Certificates need to be renewed periodically.
• Selected certification programs
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Selected Certification Programs
Certification Programs
Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator (MCSA)
Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE)
Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE) + Internet
Microsoft Certified Solution Developer (MCSD)
Certified NetWare Engineer (CNE)
Certified Java Programmer
Certified Java Developer
A+
Net+
Cisco Certified Network Associate/Professional (CCNA/CCNP)
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Certification
Certification benefits
 Enable employers to assess skills from a pool of applicants
 Employer may increase salary offers
Certification risks
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Students focus on a specific vendor’s technology
Vendor’s technology may become obsolete
Having one skill isn’t enough
Hiring people with narrow training may be risky
for employers
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Slide 27
Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Chapter 10 Summary
 Information technology (IT) careers require a four-year
college degree in computer science (CS) or computer
information systems (CIS).
 Training in computer science emphasizes the theoretical and
cutting-edge aspects of computing.
 Training in computer information systems emphasizes more
practical aspects of computing in business settings.
 IT workers find employment in corporate information
systems (IS).
 IS managers look for IT workers with teamwork, project
management and communication skills, and business savvy.
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
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Computers Are Your Future Chapter 10
Chapter 10 Summary (continued)
 High demand technical skills include networking, Windows
XP, UNIX, C++, and Internet-related technologies.
 Certification provides a way of demonstrating your skills to
an employer.
 Certification can help ensure that an employee has the skills
necessary to do the job.
© 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Slide 29
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Computers Are Your Future - Chapter 10