Scandinavians in America Emigration by Norwegians to North America began in 1825; over five million Scandinavians arrived in this country before the first world war. This picture shows emigrants in Oslo leaving for America. Scandinavians in America Distribution of Norwegian immigrants in the United States. The other Scandinavian groups tended to settle in the same areas. Scandinavians in America Norwegian settlers in front of their sod house in North Dakota in 1898. This sod house was used as the basis for the design of the Homestead Act Commemorative Stamp in 1962. This photograph was also used by Norway on its postage stamp in 1975, to commemorate the sesquicentennial of Norwegian emigration to America. Early life for Scandinavian settlers in the upper Midwest. Viking Revival Vikings were portrayed as bloodthirsty and violent until the 19th century when public perceptions changed, both in the UK and the US. They became seen as civilized, and even as an example of Victorian values. Queen Victoria's court embraced the trend. There were claims that Victoria was descended from Ódinn, that the entire royal family was related to Ragnarr HairyBreeches; and that Danish King Haraldr Bluetooth was an ancestor of the Danish-born Princess of Wales. "The Funeral of a Viking" (1893) by Frank Bernard Dicksee: Romanticism and traditional stories influenced Victorian fantasy as a genre. The Historical Society Fancy Dress Ball, Ottawa, February 17, 1896 Scandinavians in America The Viking This is an exact replica of the Gokstad ship, which was excavated in Norway in 1880. The Viking was built in 1892-3 in Norway and sailed to New York and on to Chicago via the Erie Canal for the World’s Columbian Exposition, celebrating Columbus’s discovery of the New World. Scandinavians in America The Viking Image of the ship on a 5 cent postage stamp from 1925, commemorating the Centennial of NorseAmerican emigration. Americans in Scandinavia Leifur Eiríksson The Statue in Reykjavik was a gift from the people of the United States to the people of Iceland. It stands in front of the Hallgrímskirkja, the largest church in Iceland, on a hill overlooking downtown Reykjavik. Americans in Scandinavia Inscription: LEIFR EIRICSSON SON OF ICELAND DISCOVERER OF VINLAND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TO THE PEOPLE OF ICELAND ON THE ONE THOUSANDTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE ALTHING A.D. 1930 Rune Stones in America The Kensington Rune Stone Swedish immigrant Olof Olsson Ohman asserted that he found the stone in rural Minnesota late in 1898 while clearing his land of trees and stumps before plowing. Although locals declared the find genuine, certain evidence of a Norse presence in Minnesota in the late middle ages, linguists examining the runes have determined it to be a hoax. It is a good example of national romanticism, a desire to link the history of America more closely with northern Europe. Rune Stones in America • The Kensington Rune Stone "Eight Goths and 22 Norwegians on a journey of exploration from Vinland very far west. We had camp by two rocky islands one day's journey north from this stone. We were out fishing one day. After we came home we found ten men red with blood and dead. AVM save from evil. Have ten men by the sea to look after our ships fourteen days' journey from this island. Year 1362" Rune Stones in America • The Heavener Rune Stone, before it was encased. Rune Stones in America • The Heavener Runestone • http://www.kotv.com/okt/runestones.asp Located in southeastern Oklahoma, the stone is now encased behind glass in a small building. The area around the stone has been made a State Park. Viking Imagery in America Released 1958 Released 1989 Viking Imagery in America The 13th Warrior, released 1999 Released 2007 Viking Imagery in America Released 1999 Released 2005 Viking Imagery in America Released 2010 Released 2009 Viking Imagery in America Vikings is a Canadian-Irish historical drama series created for the History Channel; it premiered in 2013. Filmed in Ireland, Vikings is inspired by the sagas about the Viking Ragnar Lothbrok, a legendary Norse hero and the scourge of England and France. Vikings in America • Hägar – He's traveled to newspapers in 58 countries! He speaks 13 languages! And has worldwide recognition! He's Hagar the Horrible, the world's most popular Viking! Created in 1973 by Dik Browne, and now in the hands of his son Chris, this lovable Viking has developed a loyal following in more than 1,900 papers. And each day millions of faithful fans read about his adventures. It's all part of what made Hagar the Horrible an instant hit since he first set sail. Hägar the Horrible Hägar the Horrible The Mighty Thor Marvel Comics The Mighty Thor Marvel Comics Vikings in America Ragnar, the official mascot of the Minnesota Vikings is on the left. By the way, he holds the current world record for fastest shave of a full beard using an axe – a little over 8 minutes. The Vinland Map Emigration by Norwegians to North America began in 1825; over five million Scandinavians arrived in this country before the first world war. This picture shows emigrants in Oslo leaving for America. http://webexhibits.org/vinland/ Vikingfest in Waco • http://www.vikingfest.com/ The Vikingfest in Waco is one of dozens of cultural festivals honoring ScandinavianAmericans. Many, if not most, of such groups use the Viking as an icon of Nordic culture. Viking Reenactments Viking reenactors at the Vikingfest in San Antonio a few years ago. One can find all necessary Viking gear on the Web. Viking Supplies Wiking Helmet (Viking)You think you're Thor... I'm so thor I can... Whoops! I kinda forgot where I was for a minute. Our Wiking Helmet is crafted of fine plastic and the horns flip to suit your mood, One size fits most (To about a men's 7-1/2+ I'm guessing) Hornal Adjustment Frugal Viking Helmet Got a whole raiding party to equip on a limited budget? Then our Frugal Viking Helmet may be the answer, Heavy plastic with horns that swivel, One size (To about a men's 7-3/8 I'm guessing) Deluxe Fur Trimmed Viking Helmet The pinnacle of Viking couture. Our Deluxe Fur Trimmed Viking Helmet features a heavy plastic body with repositionable fur trimmed plastic horns. Foam sweatband. Fits to XL, Approx. 15-1/2" wide x 11" tall (Horns up) Hats from: http://www.islandmadness.com/ Viking Supplies museumreplicas.com offers a functional replica of a Viking sword for about $450. Excavations of a number of circa 850-900 Viking swords turned up this specimen in Finland. It has the lobed pommel loved by the Norsemen, but the cross guard contrasts slightly with the typical down-curved versions. The early style blade is well-suited to the quick, slashing blows of the Viking warrior. Our version is made by Windlass Steelcrafts® of high carbon Damascus (pattern-welded) steel.