What is the Global Village?
Human Connections
Marshall McLuhan was a Canadian
educator, philosopher and scholar.
 He coined the term Global village in his
book “The Gutenberg Galaxy” in 1962

Global Village
Earth feels smaller because of advances
in communications technology like the
telephone and Internet
 We have a greater knowledge of the
living conditions of people in other
countries
 Our activities and decisions can affect
people in many other areas of the world.

If the world were a village….
As of July 2007 the world’s population was 6.6
billion. In 2002, twenty-three countries had
more than fifty million, ten countries each had
more than one hundred million and China had
nearly one billion.
 Numbers this big are hard to comprehend and
put into context in our everyday lives, but what
if we imagined the whole population of the
world as a village of just 100 people? (100%)

If the world were a village….

By learning about the villagers, who they
are and how they live, we can find out
more about our neighbors and the
problems our planet may face in the
future.
Nationalities

Who are the people of the global village?
Where did they come from?
Asia
Africa
Europe
South America/Central America/Caribbean
Canada/US
Oceania (Australia and New Zealand)
Nationalities

Who are the people of the global village?
Where did they come from?
Asia
Africa
Europe
South America/Central America/Caribbean
Canada/US
Oceania (Australia and New Zealand)
61
13
12
8
5
1
Languages

In the global village there are almost 6,000 languages.
Half of the villagers (50 people) speak the following
eight languages.
Chinese
English
Hindi
Spanish
Arabic
Bengali
Portuguese
Russian
Languages

In the global village there are almost 6,000 languages.
Half of the villagers (50 people) speak the following
eight languages.
Chinese
English
Hindi
Spanish
Arabic
Bengali
Portuguese
Russian
22
9
8
7
4
4
3
3
Age/Education



There are many children in the village. One-fifth (20)
of the villagers are 9 years of age or under. More than
half are under 30. On average, 1 person dies and 3
babies are born every year. A baby born in the village
today can expect to live to age 63.
How many people in the village go to school? There
are 38 school-aged villagers (ages 5-24), but only 31
of them attend school. There is 1 teacher for these
students.
Not everybody in the global village is encouraged to
learn to read, write and think. Of the 88 people old
enough to read, 71 can read a little, but 17 cannot
read at all. As well, more males in the village are
taught to read than females!
Food


The villagers have many animals, these help to produce
food or are a source of food. These include 31 sheep and
goats, 23 cows, bulls and oxen, 15 pigs, 3 camels, 2
horses and 189 chickens.
There is no shortage of food in the global village. If all the
food were divided equally, everyone would have enough
to eat. But the food isn’t divided equally. So although
there is enough to feed the villagers, not everyone is well
fed.
__ People who are always hungry
(26 of these people are severely undernourished)
__ People who go to bed hungry at least some of the
time
__ People who always have enough to eat
Food


The villagers have many animals, these help to produce
food or are a source of food. These include 31 sheep and
goats, 23 cows, bulls and oxen, 15 pigs, 3 camels, 2
horses and 189 chickens.
There is no shortage of food in the global village. If all the
food were divided equally, everyone would have enough
to eat. But the food isn’t divided equally. So although
there is enough to feed the villagers, not everyone is well
fed.
60 People who are always hungry
(26 of these people are severely undernourished)
16 People who go to bed hungry at least some of the
time
24 People who always have enough to eat
Air and Water

In most of the village, the air is healthy and the
water is clean. But not all villagers are so
fortunate. For some, the air and water are
polluted and putting them at risk for diseases
and water may be in short supply for some.
Instead of turning on a tap, some villagers
must walk long distances to find clean water.
 How many people in the village of 100 have
clean air and a nearby source of clean water?
Air and Water
__ out of the 100 villagers have access
to a source of safe water either in their
homes or within a short walking distance.
__ out of the 100 villagers do not and
must spend a large part of each day
simply getting safe water.
__ out of the 100 villagers have access
to adequate sanitation, while __ do not.
__ out of the 100 villagers breathe clean
air, while __ breathe air that is unhealthy
because of pollution.
Air and Water
75 out of the 100 villagers have access
to a source of safe water either in their
homes or within a short walking distance.
25 out of the 100 villagers do not and
must spend a large part of each day
simply getting safe water.
60 out of the 100 villagers have access
to adequate sanitation, while 40 do not.
68 out of the 100 villagers breathe clean
air, while 32 breathe air that is unhealthy
because of pollution.
Money
In one part of the village, someone buys
a new car. In another, a man repairs the
family’s bicycle, their most valued
possession. How much money do people
in the global village have?
 If all the money in the village were
divided equally, each person would have
about $____ per year. But in the global
village, money isn’t divided equally.

Money
In one part of the village, someone buys
a new car. In another, a man repairs the
family’s bicycle, their most valued
possession. How much money do people
in the global village have?
 If all the money in the village were
divided equally, each person would have
about $6200 per year. But in the global
village, money isn’t divided equally.

Money

The average cost of food, shelter and
other necessities in the village is $4000
to $5000 per year. Many people don’t
have enough money to meet these basic
needs.
__ Income more than $9000/year
__ Income between $1.00/day and
$9000/year
__ Income under $1.00 day
Money

The average cost of food, shelter and
other necessities in the village is $4000
to $5000 per year. Many people don’t
have enough money to meet these basic
needs.
20 Income more than $9000/year
60 Income between $1.00/day and
$9000/year
20 Income under $1.00 day
The Future Village

What will our village be like in the future? How
fast will it grow? How many people will it be
home to? Today, the village of 100 is growing
at a rate slightly less than 2 people per year. In
fact, the growth rate is about 1.6% a year.
 In the past, it took 3000 years for the
population to double five times. In the future,
the population will double five times in just 250
years! By 2250, there would be nearly 3200
people living in the global village.
The Future Village

A global village of 3200 people would be
a very crowded place, with widespread
shortages of food, shelter and other
resources. However, not everyone
believes that the village will grow this
fast, and groups such as the United
Nations, are working hard to make sure
that the village of the future is a good
home for all the people who live in it.
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What is the Global Village?