Spoken Vs Written
Language
Introduction
Languages are first spoken, then written,
and then an understanding
Aspects of written and spoken language
Written
planned
organized
transactional
Spoken
unplanned
less structured
interactive
Characteristics of Spoken Language
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Repeating
first draft status
vocabulary
grammar
intonation
Variation in speed
Loudness or
quietness
• Gestures - body
language
• Intonation
• Stress
• Rhythm
• Pausing and
phrasing
Characteristics of Written Language
•final draft status
•density of content
•grammar
•neutrality of social roles
•punctuation
Unique Written Vocabulary
Which comes first: speech or writing?
•Speech comes before writing historically.
•Many languages lack a written form.
•Many individuals cannot use written language.
•Children automatically learn to speak,
but have to be taught how to read.
Is written language superior to
speech ?!
English language has two main
features
Similarities Between Spoken
and Written Language.
THE Differences
between
written
&
spoken
Main Differences
Sounds
VS
letters
Vocabulary
&
Sentences
Permanency
&
Redundancy
Strategies
Formality
&
Function
interaction
Between
listener and speaker
1-Formality
Examples:
A written note might say, •
"Would you like to go out to lunch? “
The person who would write that note, •
might alternatively say, in person,
"You wanna go out for lunch? "
2-Grammatically
• more verb based phrases
(e.g. having treatment (W), being treated
(S), hospital care (W), go to hospital (S))
• more predicative adjectives
(misleading statistics (W), statistics are
misleading (S))
• fewer complex words and phrases
3-Vocabulary & Sentences
• Oral communication uses words with
fewer syllables than the written language.
• Written English consists of neat, correct
sentences.
• Speech usually consists of idea units.
Examples
• because
• kuz
•
"I don't wanna go to the party,
kuz it sounds boring."
•
• bet you
• betcha
•
"I betcha can't eat ten hot
dogs!"
•
• could have + consonant
• kuda
• got you
• gotcha
•
"I gotcha that candy bar you
asked for."
•
• has to
• hasta
•
"He hasta know how much he
means to me."
•
• have to
• hafta
•
"I hafta clean the house
before I go out."
4- Pronunciation
Written:
I want to go to the store
Spoken :
I wanna go duh the store
If you doubt that "to" becomes "duh,"
Sounds patterns in spoken
We write slowly than we speak
Once the utterance is spelled there's no way 2 take it back and it dies in
the wind . Unlike the written form, its documented and can be shifted
In Spoken
• You must know the sound system of the language
• You must also know how the sounds change in fast speech.
• The English sound system varies .
In WRITTEN
• we replace the pauses, intonation and the hesitation that shown in
speeches with Punctuation (.,;:-) in writing.
• Accent  spelling
• Dialect vocabulary
Finally .. Redundancy
Repetition is built in to language it self
&
Necessary for effective
COMMUNICATION
Spoken Language Problems and
solutions
• Spoken problems begin in the
childhood.
• Kinds of spoken language problems.
• Problems effect.
• Solution.
Conclusion
We treat written and spoken language as of
EQUAL IMPORTANCE
Both of them are part of the language
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Spoken Vs Written Language