East African City States and Great Zimbabwe? Indian Ocean Trade Can you locate North Africa, SubSaharan Africa, West Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa, and the Sahel? Ghana, Mali, Songhay Zimbabwe East African City States Origins • Bantu speaking peoples lived along the East Coast of Africa from 1st Century CE. • Around 900CE Arabs, Shirazis (Persians) and even some Indians settled along the East Coast of Africa for commercial (business) reasons. • By 1300CE Muslim Arabs and Shirazis controlled much of the East Coast of Africa. Cities & City States • Mogadishu • Mombasa • Malindi • Zanzibar • • • • • Dar es Salaam Mozambique Angoche Sofala Inhambane What does Zanzibar look more like? This? Or this? Traditional Zulu houses. Cairo Zanzibar Why? • Why do the East African city states resemble Middle Eastern towns? • Who populated these communities? • What role has trade played? Trade • Ivory • Sandalwood • Ebony • Gold • Slavery • Spices Mombasa: Evidence of past exports. Golden Rhino Cultural Impact • Swahili: is the language that formed from the combination of Arabic and local Bantu languages. Cultural Diffusion Decline • Portuguese • British • Tanganyika Great Zimbabwe (12th – 15th Century CE) Sofala Inhambane What is the significance of this Chinese plate being found in Ancient Zimbabwe? BTW… In terms of political structure and culture, how does Zimbabwe So if you were to compare to the create a table east African comparing the West City States? African Kingdoms with the East African City States andin How about ancient Zimbabwe… comparison to the West African kingdoms? And now for something different… BTW Fin Aim : To what extent did East African City States and Great Zimbabwe have an impact on Indian Ocean trade?