East African City
States and Great
Zimbabwe?
Indian Ocean Trade
Can you locate
North Africa, SubSaharan Africa,
West Africa, East
Africa, Southern
Africa, and the
Sahel?
Ghana, Mali, Songhay
Zimbabwe
East African City States
Origins
• Bantu speaking peoples lived along the
East Coast of Africa from 1st Century CE.
• Around 900CE Arabs, Shirazis (Persians)
and even some Indians settled along the
East Coast of Africa for commercial
(business) reasons.
• By 1300CE Muslim Arabs and Shirazis
controlled much of the East Coast of
Africa.
Cities & City States
• Mogadishu
• Mombasa
• Malindi
• Zanzibar
•
•
•
•
•
Dar es Salaam
Mozambique
Angoche
Sofala
Inhambane
What does Zanzibar
look more like?
This?
Or this?
Traditional Zulu houses.
Cairo
Zanzibar
Why?
• Why do the East African city
states resemble Middle Eastern
towns?
• Who populated these
communities?
• What role has trade played?
Trade
• Ivory
• Sandalwood
• Ebony
• Gold
• Slavery
• Spices
Mombasa: Evidence
of past exports.
Golden Rhino
Cultural Impact
• Swahili: is the language that
formed from the
combination of Arabic and
local Bantu languages.
Cultural
Diffusion
Decline
• Portuguese
• British
• Tanganyika
Great Zimbabwe (12th – 15th Century CE)
Sofala
Inhambane
What is the significance
of this Chinese plate
being found in Ancient
Zimbabwe?
BTW…
In terms of
political
structure and
culture, how
does Zimbabwe
So if you were to
compare
to the
create
a table
east African
comparing
the West
City
States?
African
Kingdoms
with the East African
City States
andin
How about
ancient
Zimbabwe…
comparison
to the
West African
kingdoms?
And now for something
different…
BTW
Fin
Aim : To what extent did East
African City States and Great
Zimbabwe have an impact on
Indian Ocean trade?
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15 East African City States and Great Zimbabwe 2015