IBM Systems & Technology Group
Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Cell Broadband Engine Programming Workshop
Welcome Session
Cell Programming Workshop
Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Workshop Objectives
 At the end of this workshop you should know
– The Cell Broadband Engine™ (Cell BE) system organization, software
development environment, software development toolkit, software model,
and software development techniques.
– How to write programs using various techniques to harvest the performance
of the Cell BE.
Trademarks - Cell Broadband Engine and Cell Broadband Engine Architecture are trademarks of Sony
Computer Entertainment, Inc.
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Agenda
08:15 - 8:45
08:45 - 9:00
09:00 - 9:30
09:30 - 10:30
10:30 - 10:45
10:45 - 11:45
11:45 - 12:30
12:30 - 13:30
13:30 - 14:15
14:15 - 15:00
15:00 - 15:15
15:15 - 16:00
16:00 - 17:00
17:00 - 17:15
3
Registration
Welcome
Cell BE - Introduction
Cell SDK2.0
Break
Developing code for Cell - Cell basic programming concepts
Hands-on system check
Hands-on - hello world program PPE vs SPE
Developing code for Cell - SIMD
Hands-on SIMD
Lunch
Developing code for Cell - DMA and mailboxes
Hands-on DMA and mailboxes
Developing code for Cell - Software model
Break
Developing code for Cell - Application porting
Developing code for Cell - Tips and techniques
Hands-on Code porting walkthrough
Closing
Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
So let’s get started!
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
11/2005
2/2006
SDK1.0

SDK1.0.1

SDK1.1
SDK hosted on FC4 / X86
OS: Initial Linux Cell 2.6.14
patches

Alpha Quality

Critical Linux Cell Performance
Enhancements

Critical Cell RAS Functions
–
SPE Threads runtime

XLC Cell C Compiler

SPE gdb debugger

Cell Coding Sample Source

Documentation

Performance Analysis Tools
–
–
–

GNU Toolchain updates

Mambo Updates

Julia Set Sample
–
–
–
Installation Scripts
Cell Hardware Specs
Programming Docs

SDK 2.0
XL C/C++
–
–
–

SDK hosted on FC5 / X86

12/2006
SDK1.1.1
Delivered – 7/14/2006
Alpha Quality
–
9/2006
7/2006
Linux Kernel updates
–
–
–
–
STIDC reqd. features

Oprofile and Event Trace


GCC Tools from SCEA
–
–
–
gcc 3.0 for Cell
–
Binutils for Cell
Refresh
–
gcc 4.02 for Cell
–
Binutils for Cell
Library enhancements

IDE

Execution platform:
Cell Simulator
Hosting platform:
Linux/86 (FC4)
5
Execution platform:
Cell Simulator
Cell Blade 1 rev 2
Hosting platform:
Linux/86 (FC5)
Linux/Cell (FC5)*
Linux/Power (FC5)*
Hosting platform:
Linux/86 (FC4)
Linux/Cell (FC4)*
Linux/Power (FC4)*
* Subset of tools
Cell Programming Workshop
Tool integration
Remote tool support
Visualization tools
Bandwidth, Latency, Lock analyzers
Performance debug tools
Mambo
–
–

Vector Math Library – Phase 1
MASS Library for SPU, MASSV Library for PPU/SPU
Performance Analysis
–
–
–
Refresh

Execution platform:
Cell Simulator
Cell Blade 1 rev 3
Overlay support
Accelerated Libraries Framework

–
–
GCC Tools from SCEA
FSF integration
GDB multi-thread support
Newlib library optimization
Prog model support for overlay
Programming Model Preview
–
–

Performance Enhancements
RAS/ Debug support
SPE runtime extensions
Interrupt controller cleanup
GNU Toolchain updates
–
–
–
–
Machine Check, System Error
v8.1 Linux/x86, LoP
Overlay prototype
Auto-SIMD enhancements
Performance model correlation
Visualization
Security (Concept validation)
•Documentation
•Mambo updates
for CB1 and 64-bit
hosting
•ISO image update
Execution platform: Hosting platform:
Cell Simulator
Linux/86 (FC5)
Cell Blade 1 rev 3 Linux/Cell (FC5)*
Linux/Power (FC5)*
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Cell based systems
Software Stack
Applications
ISV, Universities, Labs, etc
Sector Specific Libraries
In addition: libraries, programming model and
frameworks, performance tools, operating systemsf rom
IBM Ecosystem, Mercury, Sony, PeakStream, RapidMind,
Yellow Dog
ISVs, Universities, Labs, Open Source, etc.
Scale out Systems
Market Segment Specific
Ubiquitous for all Markets
Application Tooling and Environment
Programming model/APIs for accelerators
Compilers
C, C++, Fortran, etc
Core Libraries
e.g. SPE intrinsic, etc
Operating Systems such as Linux
e.g. SPE exploitation, BE awareness
Device Drivers
Overlay support, Accelerated Library Framework (ALF)
Performance tooling (oprofile, pmcount, VPA)
Gdbserver server support for combined PPE/SPE remote debugging
IDE integration with programming models, compiler, debugger and
simulator support,
XLC GA with additional distro hosted platform coverage, Overlay support,
gcc and xlC continued work on auto-vectorization/SIMDization,
xlC MASS/V support
libSPE cleanup and vector math support for SPEs
security utilities
SPE performance enhancements, improved scheduling and affinity
management,
SPE core files
Firmware
e.g. Blades, Development platforms, etc
HyperVisors
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Cell Broadband Engine Architecture™ Technology
Competitive Roadmap
1TF Processor
45nm SOI
Performance
Enhancements/
Scaling
Cost
Reduction
Enhanced
Cell BE
(1+8eDP)
65nm SOI
Cell BE
(1+8)
90nm SOI
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
All future dates are estimations only; Subject to change without notice.
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Cell Programming Workshop
Cell BE Roadmap Version 5.0 24-Jul-2006
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Cell Broadband Engine™ Blade – The first in a line of
planned offerings using Cell Broadband Engine technology
Target Availability: 1H08
Performance
Enhanced Cell BE-based
Blade
2 Enhanced Cell BE Processors
SP & DP Floating Point Affinity
Up to 16 GB Memory
Up to 16X PCI Express
Target Availability: 2H07
Advanced Cell BE-Based
Blade
GA: 2H06
Cell BE-Based Blade
2 Cell BE Processors
Single Precision Floating Pt Affinity
1 GB Memory
Up to 4X PCI Express™
2 Cell BE Processors
Single Precision Floating Pt Affinity
2 GB Memory
Up to 16X PCI Express
SDK 2.0
SDK 3.0
Target Availability: 2H07
Hardware
SDK 1.1
Target Availability: 1H07
Alpha Software
Beta Software
Available: 17 July 2006
GA Software
2006
2007
2008
All future dates are estimations only; Subject to change without notice.
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Cell Programming Workshop
Cell BE Roadmap Version 5.0 24-Jul-2006
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
VMware
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Perform Cell VMware image installation
 Cell VMware image
– Fedora Core 5 + Cell SDK 2.0 + Hands-on Exercise + IDE
 Assume your system is running under WinXP, has 10MB of free disk
space, and at least 512MB of RAM
– Copy all files to a windows directory, e.g., cellvm
• CellVMware-FC5-SDK20-IDE-28Jan07.zip
• VMware-player-1.0.3-34682.exe (for Windows)
• VMware-player-1.0.3-34682.tar.gz (for Linux)
– Unzip CellVMware-FC5-SDK20-IDE-28Jan07.zip
– Install VMware-player-1.0.3-34682.exe
– Adjust the memory size allocated for the vmware image specified in the
file Other Linux 2.6.x kernel.vmx
• memsize = “xxxx” where xxxx equals half of your physical RAM
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Check for correct system installation
 Start the VMware Player
– Select “Other Linux 2.6.x kernel.vmx” as the virtual machine configuration
file
– For the first time run, answer all questions using the default selected options
– Wait for the complete boot of the guest FC5, then login
• Userid: root
• Password: inn0vate
– Open a terminal session and do cat /proc/version
• “linux version 2.6.1x-x.xxxx_FC5 ………..”
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Check for correct system components
 We should have the following directories
– /opt/ibm/cell-sdk (Cell BE SDK 2.0)
– /opt/ibm/systemsim-cell (Cell BE full system simulator)
– /opt/cell (GNU toolchain-3.3)
– /opt/ibmcmp (IBM xlc and xlcpp)
– /opt/IDE (Cell BE Integrated Development Environment)
– /opt/cell_class (workshop hands-on examples)
– /opt/sandbox (sandbox for system simulator)
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Changing the default compiler
 The build environment makefile is
– /opt/ibm/cell-sdk/prototype/README_build_env.txt
 gcc is the default compiler
 To change gcc to xlc, run ./cellsdk build [-x | -g ] where the –x flag selects the
XL C/C++ compiler (x86 only) and the –g flag selects the gcc compiler
Notes: You should cd /opt/ibm/cell-sdk/prototype/src and then run ./cellsdk
build
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Check for correct environment variables
“top of the SDK” is /opt/ibm/cell-sdk/prototype
 Makefile in SDK samples and tutorial use
– “include ../../../../../make.footer”
 CELL_TOP, TOP, and SDK_TOP are used in many exercises
– export CELL_TOP=/opt/ibm/cell-sdk/prototype
– export TOP =/opt/ibm/cell-sdk/prototype
– export SDK_TOP =/opt/ibm/cell-sdk/prototype
NOTES: you can include those exports in /root/.bash_profile
 If make fails,
– make sure to have correct path and environment variables, or
– logout root then log back in, or
– reboot the host FC5 by typing “shutdown –r now”
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Cell Programming Workshop
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© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Check for IDE Operational
 cd /opt/IDE/eclipse
 ./eclipse
Note: eclipse should come up after ./eclipse was typed. The eclipse windows is
NOT in foreground, therefore you may not see it. To see it, you click on the
screen to bring the background to foreground.
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Summary
 Make sure to have a fully cell operational environment
– FC5 as host
– Cell SDK 2.0
– system simulator systemsim-cell
– Cell IDE
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Where to get Cell BE information?
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Cell Resource
 Cell resource center at developerWorks
– http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/power/cell/
 Cell developer's corner at power.org
– http://www.power.org/resources/devcorner/cellcorner/
 The cell project at IBM Research
– http://www.research.ibm.com/cell/
 The Cell BE at IBM alphaWorks
– http://www.alphaworks.ibm.com/topics/cell
 Cell BE at IBM Engineering & Technical Services
– http://www-03.ibm.com/technology/
 IBM Power Architecture
– http://www-03.ibm.com/chips/power/
 Cell BE documentation at IBM Microelectronics
– http://www306.ibm.com/chips/techlib/techlib.nsf/products/Cell_Broadband_EngineCell
 Linux info at the Barcelona Supercomputing Center website
– http://www.bsc.es/projects/deepcomputing/linuxoncell/
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Cell Programming Workshop
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© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Cell Education
 Online courses at IBM Education Assistant
– http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/ieduasst/stgv1r0/index.jsp
 Online courses at IBM Learning
– http://ibmlearning.ibm.com/index.html
 Podcasts at power.org
– http://www.power.org
 Onsite classes at IBM Innovation Center
– https://www-304.ibm.com/jct09002c/isv/spc/events/cbea.html
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Cell Programming Workshop
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© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Cell BE Documentation
 The following documents define the Cell Broadband Engine architecture,
programming using the SDK, the new IBM BladeCenter QS20, XL C/C++compiler,
Full-System Simulator, and the PowerPC base architecture.
 Cell Broadband Engine
– Cell Broadband Engine Architecture V1.01 (updated)
– Cell Broadband Engine Programming Handbook V1.0
– Cell Broadband Engine Registers V1.4 (updated)
– SPU C/C++ Language Extensions V2.2.1 (updated)
– Synergistic Processor Unit (SPU) Instruction Set Architecture V1.11 (updated)
– SPU Application Binary Interface Specification V1.5.1 (updated)
– SPU Assembly Language Specification V1.4 (updated)
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Cell BE Documentation
 Cell Broadband Engine Programming using the SDK
– Cell Broadband Engine SDK Installation Guide V2.0 (updated)
– Cell Broadband Engine SDK Programmer's Guide V1.0 (new)
– Cell Broadband Engine Programming Tutorial V2.0 (updated)
– Cell Broadband Engine Linux Reference Implementation Application Binary Interface
Specification V1.1 (updated)
– SPE Runtime Management library documentation V1.2 (updated)
– SPE Runtime Management library documentation V2.0 (new)
– Cell Broadband Engine SIMD Math Library Specification V1.0 (new)
– Accelerator Library Framework Programming Guide and API Reference V1.0 (new)
– Sample Library documentation V2.0 (updated)
– IDL Compiler for Remote Procedure Calls
– Post-link Optimization Utility (new)
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Cell Programming Workshop
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© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Cell BE Documentation
 IBM BladeCenter QS20
– IBM BladeCenter QS20 Datasheet
– IBM BladeCenter QS20 Installation and User's Guide
– IBM BladeCenter QS20 Problem Determination and Service Guide
 IBM XL C/C++ Compiler
– Getting Started with IBM XL C/C++ Compiler (new)
– IBM XL C/C++ Compiler Language Reference (new)
– IBM XL C/C++ Compiler Programming Guide (new)
– IBM XL C/C++ Compiler Reference (new)
– IBM XL C/C++ Compiler Installation Guide (new)
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Cell BE Documentation
IBM Cell Broadband Engine Full-System Simulator
– IBM Full-System Simulator Users Guide (updated)
– IBM Full-System Simulator Command Reference (updated)
– Performance Analysis with the IBM Full-System Simulator
– IBM Full-System Simulator BogusNet HowTo (updated)
 PowerPC Base
– PowerPC Architecture Book, Version 2.02
• Book I: PowerPC User Instruction Set Architecture
• Book II: PowerPC Virtual Environment Architecture
• Book III: PowerPC Operating Environment Architecture
– PowerPC Microprocessor Family
• Vector/SIMD Multimedia Extension Technology Programming Environments Manual
Version 2.06c
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Cell Programming Workshop
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© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Cell BE Technical Articles
 Real-time Ray Tracing
 Papers from the Fall Processor Forum 2005: Unleashing the Cell Broadband Engine
Processor: The Element Interconnect Bus
 Papers from the Fall Processor Forum 2005: Unleashing the power of the Cell
Broadband Engine: A programming model approach
 Cell Broadband Engine Architecture and its first implementation
 Introduction to the Cell Broadband Engine
 Introduction to the Cell Multiprocessor
 Maximizing the power of the Cell Broadband Engine processor: 25 tips to optimal
application performance
 Terrain Rendering Engine (TRE): Cell Broadband Engine Optimized Real-time Raycaster
 An Implementation of the Feldkamp Algorithm for Medical Imaging on Cell Broadband
Engine
 Cell Broadband Engine Support for Privacy, Security, and Digital Rights Management
Applications
 A Programming Example: Large FFT on the Cell Broadband Engine
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Cell Programming Workshop
10/3/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
More Detailed Description
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Cell Programming Workshop
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© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Standards and Documentation at developerWorks
http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/power/cell/downloads_doc.html
 Cell Broadband Engine Programming Handbook
Get information for developing applications, libraries, middleware, drivers, compilers,
or operating systems for the Cell Broadband Engine processor.
 Cell Broadband Engine Hardware Initialization Guide
This document describes the sequences for initializing a Cell Broadband Engine
processor, from Power-On Reset (POR) through calibration of the memory and I/O
interfaces and the PowerPC Processor Element (PPE) firmware.
 Cell Broadband Engine Linux Reference Implementation Application Binary
Interface Specification
This document defines a standard interface that allows compiled objects to be linked
and run on the Linux Reference Implementation for the Cell Broadband Engine
without recompilation or recoding.
 Cell Broadband Engine Registers
This document describes the CBE memory-mapped I/O registers used by the
PowerPC Processor Element (PPE), the Synergistic Processor Elements (SPEs)
and other units.
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Cell Programming Workshop
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© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Standards and Documentation at developerWorks
http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/power/cell/downloads_doc.html
 Cell Broadband Engine Architecture V1.0
Like the Power Architecture, but different -- the CBE Architecture builds upon
knowledge contained in the Power Architecture "books" and describes the app-level
User Mode Environment (UME) and the OS-level Privileged Mode Environment
(PME) in astonishingly rich detail.
 Synergistic Processor Unit (SPU) Instruction Set Architecture V1.0
Somewhere between a general-purpose processor and special-purpose hardware lies
the Cell SPU: designed to provide leadership performance in game, media, and
broadband applications, this document describes the Instruction Set of the Synergistic
Processor Unit (SPU). Get to know all of its instructions.
 SPU Application Binary Interface Specification V1.4
Including register usage and calling conventions, data type sizes and alignment, lowlevel system and language binding information, information on loading and linking,
and coding examples, this specification defines the system interface for SPU-targeted
object files to help ensure maximum binary portability across implementations.
 SPU Assembly Language Specification V1.3
Program directly to the SPU Instruction Set! This specification will prove an
indispensable aid in your efforts as it takes you on a carefully-worded journey
describing SPU assembly-level syntax and machine-dependent features for the GNU
assembler (but serves as an example specification for other SPU assemblers as
well).
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Cell Programming Workshop
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© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Standards and Documentation at developerWorks
http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/power/cell/downloads_doc.html
 SPU C/C++ Language Extensions V2.1
Unleash the full processing power of the SPUs. This specification extends the C and
C++ languages with a rich set of vector data types, several programmer directives, and
an extensive set of vector intrinsics.
 PowerPC Architecture Book, Version 2.01
This three-volume set (pdf), Version 2.01, defines the instruction and registers used by
application programs, the storage models, privileged facilities, and related instructions
for the POWER4 and POWER4+ processors.
 PowerPC Architecture Book, Version 2.02
This three-volume set (pdf), Version 2.02, defines the instruction and registers used by
application programs, the storage models, privileged facilities, and related instructions
for the IBM POWER5 processor family.
 PowerPC Microprocessor Family: Vector/SIMD Multimedia Extension Technology
Programming Environments Manual Version 2.06c
Create software that is compatible across the family of 64-bit PowerPC processors,
which have implemented the Vector/SIMD Multimedia Extension technology -- from the
970FX, to the Cell Broadband Engine -- and beyond.
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Cell Programming Workshop
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© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
IBM Full-System Simulator – XLC – Software Sample at alphaworks
http://www.alphaworks.ibm.com/topics/cell
 IBM Full-System Simulator for the Cell Broadband Engine
Processor
– A full-system simulation infrastructure and tools for the Cell Broadband Engine
processor.
 XL C Alpha Edition for Cell Broadband Engine Processor
– A high performance C compiler for the IBM Cell Broadband Engine processor.
 IBM Cell Broadband Engine Software Sample and Library Source
Code
– Working examples and libraries that demonstrate programming techniques and
performance of Cell Broadband Engine Architecture.
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Cell Programming Workshop
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© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Linux on Cell at the Barcelona Supercomputer Center
http://www.bsc.es/projects/deepcomputing/linuxoncell/cbexdev.html
 Cell Broadband Engine SDK for x86, PowerPC, and Cell-based
blade installation script and open source packages
– The cross-hosted Cell Broadband Engine development environment contains
packages from several sources. This page includes a primary install/build script
for the Cell Broadband Engine SDK, an SPU/PPU toolchain package, a Fedora
Core 5 for PowerPC run-time package for the GNU/Linux on Cell simulation
environment, Cell BE kernel patches for the 2.6.18 Linux Kernel, and the
source code for the SPE run-time management library.
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IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Linux on Cell at the Barcelona Supercomputer Center
http://www.bsc.es/projects/deepcomputing/linuxoncell/cbexdev.html
 GCC Toolchain
– Contains the GCC compiler for the SPE implemented by SCE which also
supports the standards defined in the SPU C/C++ Language Extensions V2.1,
SPU Application Binary Interface Specification V1.4, and Synergistic Processor
Unit (SPU) Instruction Set Architecture V1.0 documents (previously released).
The associated assembler and linker additionally support the SPU Assembly
Language Specification V1.3. The assembler and linker are common to both
the GCC and XL C compilers.
 Linux Kernel Patch
– This set of patches to the Linux operating system provides services needed to
support the hardware facilities of the Cell Broadband Engine microprocessor.
 Fedora Core 5 links
 SPE Management Library
– Contains an SPE thread programming model for CBEA applications.
 SDK Installation Script
– The install script grabs the RPMs and builds the CBE programming
environment
 Linux on Cell
– Provides information about how to enable Linux on CBE platforms.
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IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Special Notices -- Trademarks
This document was developed for IBM offerings in the United States as of the date of publication. IBM may not make these offerings available in
other countries, and the information is subject to change without notice. Consult your local IBM business contact for information on the IBM
offerings available in your area. In no event will IBM be liable for damages arising directly or indirectly from any use of the information contained
in this document.
Information in this document concerning non-IBM products was obtained from the suppliers of these products or other public sources. Questions
on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products.
IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter in this document. The furnishing of this document does not give
you any license to these patents. Send license inquires, in writing, to IBM Director of Licensing, IBM Corporation, New Castle Drive, Armonk, NY
10504-1785 USA.
All statements regarding IBM future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives
only.
The information contained in this document has not been submitted to any formal IBM test and is provided "AS IS" with no warranties or
guarantees either expressed or implied.
All examples cited or described in this document are presented as illustrations of the manner in which some IBM products can be used and the
results that may be achieved. Actual environmental costs and performance characteristics will vary depending on individual client configurations
and conditions.
IBM Global Financing offerings are provided through IBM Credit Corporation in the United States and other IBM subsidiaries and divisions
worldwide to qualified commercial and government clients. Rates are based on a client's credit rating, financing terms, offering type, equipment
type and options, and may vary by country. Other restrictions may apply. Rates and offerings are subject to change, extension or withdrawal
without notice.
IBM is not responsible for printing errors in this document that result in pricing or information inaccuracies.
All prices shown are IBM's United States suggested list prices and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary.
IBM hardware products are manufactured from new parts, or new and serviceable used parts. Regardless, our warranty terms apply.
Many of the features described in this document are operating system dependent and may not be available on Linux. For more information,
please check: http://www.ibm.com/systems/p/software/whitepapers/linux_overview.html
Any performance data contained in this document was determined in a controlled environment. Actual results may vary significantly and are
dependent on many factors including system hardware configuration and software design and configuration. Some measurements quoted in this
document may have been made on development-level systems. There is no guarantee these measurements will be the same on generallyavailable systems. Some measurements quoted in this document may have been estimated through extrapolation. Users of this document
should verify the applicable data for their specific environment.
Revised January 19, 2006
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Special Notices (Cont.) -- Trademarks
The following terms are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States and/or other countries: alphaWorks, BladeCenter,
Blue Gene, ClusterProven, developerWorks, e business(logo), e(logo)business, e(logo)server, IBM, IBM(logo), ibm.com, IBM Business Partner (logo),
IntelliStation, MediaStreamer, Micro Channel, NUMA-Q, PartnerWorld, PowerPC, PowerPC(logo), pSeries, TotalStorage, xSeries; Advanced MicroPartitioning, eServer, Micro-Partitioning, NUMACenter, On Demand Business logo, OpenPower, POWER, Power Architecture, Power Everywhere, Power
Family, Power PC, PowerPC Architecture, POWER5, POWER5+, POWER6, POWER6+, Redbooks, System p, System p5, System Storage, VideoCharger,
Virtualization Engine.
A full list of U.S. trademarks owned by IBM may be found at: http://www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml.
Cell Broadband Engine and Cell Broadband Engine Architecture are trademarks of Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. in the United States, other countries,
or both.
Rambus is a registered trademark of Rambus, Inc.
XDR and FlexIO are trademarks of Rambus, Inc.
UNIX is a registered trademark in the United States, other countries or both.
Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries or both.
Fedora is a trademark of Redhat, Inc.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries or both.
Intel, Intel Xeon, Itanium and Pentium are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
AMD Opteron is a trademark of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and/or other countries.
TPC-C and TPC-H are trademarks of the Transaction Performance Processing Council (TPPC).
SPECint, SPECfp, SPECjbb, SPECweb, SPECjAppServer, SPEC OMP, SPECviewperf, SPECapc, SPEChpc, SPECjvm, SPECmail, SPECimap and
SPECsfs are trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corp (SPEC).
AltiVec is a trademark of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
PCI-X and PCI Express are registered trademarks of PCI SIG.
InfiniBand™ is a trademark the InfiniBand® Trade Association
Other company, product and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.
Revised July 23, 2006
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© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM Systems & Technology Group – Cell/Quasar Ecosystem & Solutions Enablement
Special Notices - Copyrights
(c) Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2005.
All Rights Reserved. Printed in the United Sates September 2005.
The following are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, or other countries, or both.
IBM
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Power Architecture
Other company, product and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.
All information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. The products described in this document are
NOT intended for use in applications such as implantation, life support, or other hazardous uses where malfunction could result
in death, bodily injury, or catastrophic property damage. The information contained in this document does not affect or change
IBM product specifications or warranties. Nothing in this document shall operate as an express or implied license or indemnity
under the intellectual property rights of IBM or third parties. All information contained in this document was obtained in specific
environments, and is presented as an illustration. The results obtained in other operating environments may vary.
While the information contained herein is believed to be accurate, such information is preliminary, and should not be relied
upon for accuracy or completeness, and no representations or warranties of accuracy or completeness are made.
THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS. In no event will IBM be liable
for damages arising directly or indirectly from any use of the information contained in this document.
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