FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
Take notes on your sheet 
METAPHOR
• Comparing two things without using “like” or “as”
• Example: Emily is a rose
• ELVIS: You ain’t nothing but a hound dog
• AC/DC: She was a fast machine
• Goo Goo Dolls: You’re the closest to Heaven I’ll
ever be
Coffee
house,
much??
SIMILE
• Comparing two things using “like” or “as”
• Example: She is as quiet as a mouse
• Michael Jackson: She was more like a beauty queen
from a movie scene
• Pink Floyd: There’s a look in your eyes, like black
holes in the sky
PERSONIFICATION
• Giving human-like qualities to objects or things that
aren’t alive.
• Example: The moon smiled down at me.
• Saves the Day: As I'm talking my words slip to the
floor and they crawl through your legs and slide
under the back door
IDIOM
• Expression we use every day that aren’t
meant to be taken literally
• Examples:
–
–
–
–
Boy, it’s raining cats and dogs!
He’s feeling under the weather
That test was a piece of cake
I’ll give him a taste of his own medicine
ONOMATOPOEIA
• When the word is spelled the way it sounds
– Example: sploosh, ker-pow, bam!
– Most Black Eyed Peas Songs
• How the beat bang, Boom Boom Pow
• “Like a G6 – Slizzard”
ALLITERATION
• When the beginning of many words in a row
sound the same
– The purple and pink pig put pennies in the pool
– Better be a better boy before you bother
betting that you'll bring her back home again.
HYPERBOLE
• A big exaggeration
I’d walk a million miles to get to you
by Vanessa Carlton
IRONY
• Saying one thing but meaning another
– Sarcasm
– When deaf Ludwig Beethoven published another
great symphony.
FORESHADOWING
• Giving hints of something that’s about to
happen
• I was about to walk around the corner when I
heard a loud scream (what’s he going to see
when he turns the corner?!)
IMAGERY
• Painting a picture using words
The dog barked
vs.
As the sun was setting, the fluffy dog cried aloud into the
deep hollows of the house
** 5 senses
Three Doors Down: I left my body lying somewhere in the
universe in the sands of time.
Oxymoron
• Combination of words that seem
contradictory
• Examples: Jumbo shrimp, living dead,
deafening silence, bitter sweet, serious joke
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FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE