5.2 The conditional
• The conditional tense (el condicional) takes the same
endings for all –ar, –er, and –ir verbs. For regular verbs,
the endings are added to the infinitive.
¿Te dijo en qué coche vendría?
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
5.2-1
5.2 The conditional
¡ATENCIÓN!
Note that all of the conditional endings
carry a written accent mark.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
5.2-2
5.2 The conditional
• Verbs with irregular future stems have the same irregular
stem in the conditional.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
5.2-3
5.2 The conditional
Uses of the conditional
• The conditional is used to express what would occur
under certain circumstances.
¿Qué ciudad de Ecuador visitarías primero?
Which city in Ecuador would you visit first?
Iría primero a Quito y después a Guayaquil.
First I would go to Quito and then to Guayaquil.
¡ATENCIÓN!
The English would is used to express the conditional, but it can also
express what used to happen. To express habitual past actions,
Spanish uses the imperfect, not the conditional.
Cuando era pequeña, iba a la playa todos los veranos.
When I was young, I would (used to) go to the beach every summer.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
5.2-4
5.2 The conditional
• The conditional is also used to make polite requests.
¿Podrías pasarme ese mapa, por favor?
Could you pass me that map, please?
¿Le importaría (a usted) cuidar mis plantas?
Would you mind taking care of my plants?
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
5.2-5
5.2 The conditional
• Just as the future tense is one of several ways of
expressing a future action, the conditional is one of
several ways of expressing a future action as perceived
in the past. In this case, the conditional expresses what
someone said or thought would happen.
Dicen que mañana hará viento.
Creía que hoy haría viento.
They say it will be windy
tomorrow.
I thought it would be windy
today.
Dicen que mañana va a hacer
viento.
Creía que hoy iba a hacer
viento.
They say it’s going to be windy
tomorrow.
I thought it was going to be
windy today.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
5.2-6
5.2 The conditional
• In Spanish, the conditional may be used to express
conjecture or probability about a past event. English
expresses this in various ways using words and
expressions such as wondered, must have been, and
was probably.
¿A qué hora regresaría?
Serían las ocho.
I wonder what time he returned.
It must have been eight o’clock.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
5.2-7
5.2 The conditional
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
5.2-8
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