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Basic Health & Safety
Domestic arrangements
Outline of training session
Presented by
Vincent Theobald
University Safety Office
1 Park Terrace
Tel. 6274
Safety Office
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Health and Safety
Health and safety is
intended to bring about
condition free from risk of
injury or threat to our
health and well-being.
This objective is not a
natural state of affairs.
Safety Office
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We Believe
Safety Office
Workplace accidents, illness and incidents
are preventable
provided that
Health and Safety
is Managed
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Clapham Junction Accident
Safety Office
“A concern for safety which is sincerely held and
repeatedly expressed but, nevertheless, is not
carried through into action, is as much protection
from danger as no concern at all.”
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What could happen?
Near-miss
Major injury
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Minor injury
Death
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Kinds of Accidents
Safety Office
Comparison University and HSE National data
Percentages of accidents of selected kinds
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5
10
15
20
25
30
Hit By Moving Flying Object
Handling Accident
Slips Trips and Falls (level)
Falls from Height
Assult
Other (not incl. Sports)
University from 2001 to 2006
HSE data from 2004/5
35
40
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Why report accidents?
Safety Office
Accidents should be reported because:
 The law requires some specific types of accidents
to be reported to the Enforcing Authorities.
 The University Safety Policy requires all accidents
and near misses to be reported to the USO.
 It enables investigations so as to prevent further
accidents.
 Reports enable the University to identify trends.
Report accidents on-line at www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
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How big is the Accident Problem?
Safety Office
HSE shows accidents cost:
APAU studies
 37% of annualised profit.
 8.5% of tender price.
 5% of running costs.
Bear in mind that these were large and well organised
companies that already had a high standard of loss
control and lower than average accident rates.
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General duties on the employer
Safety Office
The HSWA places the following general duties on
the employer, which apply to staff ,students, visitors
and contractors:
• provide safe place of work
• provide safe plant and equipment
• provide safe systems of work
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General duties on employees
Safety Office
The HSWA places the following general duties on
staff, students, visitors and contractors:
• to take reasonable care
• to co-operate with the employer
• not to interfere with safety arrangements
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Reasonably practicable
Risk should be set against
the effort required to
remove it.
 It is not reasonably
practicable if the cost of
removal of risk is
disproportionately high
 It is reasonably practicable
if a risk can be removed at
minimal cost and effort
Safety Office
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Herald of Free Enterprise
“The failure
on the part of
management
to give proper
and clear
direction was
a contributory
cause of the
disaster.”
Safety Office
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Responsible People for University
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The VC.
The PVC for Safety.
The Provost / Registrar.
The Head of School / Service.
(The School Safety Officer).
The Lab/Area Manager.
The Lecturer.
Individual researchers, Staff, Students.
Safety Office
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Safety Management
Safety Office
This begins with Policy
and uses tools such as Local Rules
and Risk Assessment to establish control of the
hazards and risks of work.
It is a specific legal duty to manage safety so that
all risks are suitably and sufficiently controlled.
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Safety Policy
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Safety Office
Legal requirement under S2(3) of HSWA.
University Policy published in a book and on web.
Schools need their Policies.
Labs/buildings may need additional
policy/arrangements to provide more detail.
 Arrangements will need to include Local Rules.
 Some local rules are needed by law - e.g. rules for
Ionising Radiation.
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Policy
Safety Office
The University Safety Policy MUST be followed
See the USO website for the up to date policy
www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Each School has a Safety Policy, providing more
details as to how issues are dealt with in the
School
Some labs also have Policies and Local Rules with
additional details.
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Identifying the main hazards
Safety Office
Examples which affect
safety and/or health:
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Biological hazards
Chemicals
Fire
Radiation
Waste
Electricity
Noise and Vibration
 Lifting and carrying
 Repetitive movements
This is the first step in
Risk Assessment
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Biohazards
• Bio-COSHH
• Classification of organisms
• Control of Pathogens
(inc. inoculations)
• Control of spread of organisms
• Control of GM work
Safety Office
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Chemicals
Safety Office
• COSHH – Control of Substances Hazardous to
Health.
• This applies to all chemicals and substances
(including cultures) used in labs and elsewhere.
• There are specific additional measures for very
high risk chemicals and substances – in particular
Cyanides
Pathogens
Asthmagens
• This is dealt with in more detail in the
Risk Assessment Training provided by the USO.
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Fire
• All Fire Alarms must be
treated as genuine
• Evacuate immediately
• Close doors and windows as
you leave
• Go to the assembly point
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Actions to take to prevent Fire
• Keep smoke doors closed
• Do not obstruct escape
corridors
• Store fire risk materials
correctly
• Control wastes.
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Radiation
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Very heavily controlled by the HSE and the Environment
Agency. Specific laws relating to the use, storage and
disposal of radioactive materials.
• Use is restricted to controlled areas.
• Only authorised persons permitted to use radiation.
• All use must be recorded, and all wastes
controlled.
• Very specific Local Rules are in force.
• Good technique main protection against
contamination.
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Waste
Safety Office
• Many accidents are caused by incorrect disposal of
wastes.
• Wastes must be segregated by law.
• University has strict rules.
• Errors put others at risk.
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Getting help
Safety Office
Assistance within the School.
• Project Supervisor
• School Safety Officer
• Biological Safety Supervisor
• Radiation Protection Supervisor
The Safety Office website www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
or you can call the Safety Office on 6274
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Legal duties
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COMMON LAW
• duty of one individual to another - “Duty of
Care”
STATUTE LAW
• Criminal Law
• duty between individual and the state
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The costs of failure
Safety Office
Health and safety law is Criminal Law
Failure to manage health and safety can result in:
• prosecution,
fines and imprisonment
• compensation claims
• loss of output or service
• replacement costs
• loss of reputation
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Cases of note
Safety Office
• Mr RE Hill – Asbestos
• UCL London - Sharps box
• Birmingham University - Lab Safety Regulations
• January 2006 –
A University fined £70,000 following an accident
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Any Questions
Safety Office
If you have any questions on general Health and
Safety issues please go to your School Safety
Officer.
If you have questions about this presentation
please come to the front and ask them before I go.
If you want to attend any of the University Safety
Office training courses please book using the form
on the USO website at www.safety.ncl.ac.uk
Courses available include
Accident and Investigation - Basic Fire Training Basic Health & Safety - Biological Safety Chemical Safety Training - Cryogenics Safety Training Disposable Gloves - Emergencies - EVAC Chairs Gas Safety – Laboratory - Gas Cylinder Safety - GM Safety -
Safety Awareness - Health & Safety Law Health & Safety Management - Portable Appliance Testing Radiation Worker Safety Training - Risk Assessment Safety Signs and their interpretation
Safety Office
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