Learning Trajectories and
repositories
Edrene conference
Copenhagen, October 6, 2010
Allard Strijker, SLO
Introduction
• SLO – Centre of
Excellence for
Curriculum Design
Questions.. to think about
• Ideas about:
– Possibilities of Learning Trajectories?
– Vocabularies vs Linked data?
– Alternatives?
Why Learning Trajectories
• Based on national curricular framework
• General core objectives ->
simplified in intermediate objectives
• Decision support for teachers,
publishers, educational developers
• Developing course materials
–
–
–
–
Content
Learning objectives
Sequence
Planning
Planning
Other functions of learning trajectories
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Coherence in courses
Continuity, consistency
Organisational aspects, planning
Differentiated education
Personal learning guidance
Individual learning plan
Education approach
What is a Learning Trajectory 1?
• A learning trajectory is a
reasoned structured set of intermediate
objectives and content leading to a
certain core objective
What are Learning Trajectories 2?
• Depending on the exact function, context
and audience curricula vary in the extent
to which
• different implications for curriculum
elements are developed.
The curricular spider web
Curriculum Elements
COMPONENT
Rationale
Objectives
Content
Learning activities
Teacher role
Materials and resources
Grouping
Location
Time
Assessment
CORE QUESTION
Why are they learning?
Towards which goals are they
learning?
What are they learning?
How are they learning?
How is the teacher facilitating their
learning?
With what are they learning?
With whom are they learning?
Where are they learning?
When are they learning?
How is their learning assessed?
Different levels of Learning Trajectories
• European level
– Common European Framework of Reference:
Learning, Teaching, Assessment
• National level
– Cross level learning trajectories Math, Dutch
language
• School level
– Supporting educational approach
• Student level
– Monitoring progress
Learning Trajectories Objectives
Core
objective
Intermediate
objective
Intermediate
objective
Intermediate
objective
Intermediate
objective
Learning Trajectories
Learning Trajectory
Core
objective
Intermediate
objective
Intermediate
objective
Intermediate
objective
Content
Content
Content
Intermediate
objective
Content
Content
Learning Trajectories
Learning Trajectory
Core
objective
Intermediate
objective
Intermediate
objective
Intermediate
objective
Intermediate
objective
Content
Content
Materials and
resources
Content
Materials and
resources
Content
Content
Materials and
resources
Learning Trajectories Structure 1
Learning Trajectory
Evaluation
Application
Knowing
Understand
Analysis
Learning
trajectories
Materials and
recources
Materials and
recources
Materials and
recources
Materials and
recources
Materials and
recources
Learning Trajectories Structure 2
Learning Trajectory
Knowing
Understand
Knowing
Knowing
Knowing
Granularity
Didactics
Curriculum
design
Materials and
recources
Learning
objects
Materials and
recources
Materials and
recources
Materials and
recources
Learning
trajectories
Learning Trajectory properties
Content
Metadata
• Core objective
• Intermediate
objective
• Content / topic
• Structure
•
•
•
•
– Relations
– Sequence
Title
Description
Context
Didactical
approach
• Reference level
• ..LOM
Vocabularies and relations
Intermediate
objective
Intermediate
objective
Content
Content
Materials and
resources
Intermediate
objective
Content
Materials and
resources
Content
vocabularies
Relations
Learning Trajectory
Core
objective
Existing Dutch vocabularies
• LOM (Learning Object Metadata)
• Standard available set (CZP), Vdex
– Education (primary, secondary, higher,
vocational)
– Levels (1,2,3..)
– Age (8..12 Yr)
– Core objectives
– ..
New Dutch vocabulaires
• Intermediate objectives
• Core content topics
– Language, Math
• Relations
• Didactical approach
• Reasoned structure
Technical Requirements
• Interoperability
repositories
• Lifecycle
• Tooling
•
•
•
•
Machine readable
Standards
Flexibility
Complexity
Standards
•
•
•
•
IMS – Vdex (Vocabularies)
IMS – Rubrics
IMS – Packages / SCORM
SCORM Simple Sequencing
• RDF - Resource description framework
Linked data
Metaweb
Linked data
Linked data
SLO
SLO as data provider
• Learning Trajectories as Relations
between
– Vocabularies
• Core objectives
• Intermediate objectives
• Discipline topics / content
– Learning resources
Questions.. To may have thought about
– Possibilities of Learning Trajectories?
– Vocabularies vs Linked data?
– Alternatives?
Thank you!
• More information
– Allard Strijker
– [email protected]
Relation between Learning trajectory
and learning object
Learning
Trajectory
Intermediate
objective
Intermediate
objective
Learning
material
Learning
material
Learning
material
Learning
material
Learning
object
Learning
object
Core
objective
Relation between Learning trajectory
and learning object
Learning
Trajectory
Intermediate
objective
Intermediate
objective
Learning
material
Learning
material
Learning
material
Learning
material
Learning object
Core
objective
Learning Trajectory
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Learning objective
Educational aim
Name
Coverage
Competences
Certificate
Starting level
•
•
•
•
•
Intended end level
Content / topic
Type of education
Publisher
Educational
domain
• Type of structure
• Didactical
approach
Primary
1F
Secondary/
Vocational, MBO
Eind VMBO
2F
Eind Havo
MBO4
3F
Eind VWO
HBO
WO
4F
Tussen
doel
Tussen
doel
Tussen
doel
Tussen
doel
Eind
doel
Natuur, Leven, Technologie en Nieuwe
Scheikunde
Dutch Education
Characteristics of Learning Trajectories
Unique
• Label
• Description
• Learning objectives
• Sequence
• Relations
Shared vocabularies
• Publisher
• Author
• Subject
• Educational level
• Relation
• Learning objectives
• Intended userrole
• Educational aims
• Keywords
• Order
Developing
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Learning Trajectories