Bellwork

Learning Target(s):
 I can recall information about the geography and
culture of Argentina. Puedo recordar
información de la geografía y la cultura de
Argentina.

Contesta las siguientes preguntas en
Español.
 ¿Dónde se encuentra Buenos Aires?
 ¿Cuál es la región es la tierra de los guachos?
 ¿Cómo se llaman los residentes de Buenos
Aires?

Palabra del Día: inmigrar
GeoCultura de Capítulo 7
Argentina


Located at the
southern tip of South
America
Bordered by
 Chile to the West
 Bolivia and Paraguay to
the North
 Brazil and Uruguay to
the Northeast
 The Atlantic Ocean to
the East

Argentina is the 8th
largest nation in the
world and the 2nd
largest in South
America
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Argentina



Moneda- Peso
Argentino
Idioma Oficialespañol
Gobierno- republico
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Historia de Argentina
Around 10,000 B.C., there were approximatly
20 indigenous groups living in the area that
is today Argentina.
 Spanish explorer Juan Díaz de Solís arrived
in Argentina in 1516 quickly making
Argentina a Spanish land.
 In 1816, Argentina won independence from
Spain and became prosperous during the
1800s as a wave of European immigrants
from Germany, Italy, and England arrived.

Historia de Argentina
Between 1857 & 1939 3.5 million people
immigrated to Argentina from Italy, Spain,
Germany, English, Switzerland, Austria,
Norway, Syria and many more places. By
1914, 30% of the Argentinean population
was born in another country.
 From 1976-1983, Argentina was under
military rule.
 Today, Argentina has a democratic
government

Immigrant Influence



Spanish spoken in Argentina is very different from
that of Spain.
Each region has its own dialect
Argentine Spanish is also heavily influenced by
Italian.
 People often greet each other with the Italian buongiorno
rather than buenos días and will say ciao for goodbye.
 The Tú form is rarely used and is replaced by the
Argentine vos.

Another completely unique language is called
lufardo, a mix of many immigrant languages build
around castellono, which allows people of diverse
backgrounds to communicate.
Argentina

Capital: Buenos Aires
 Located at the mouth of
the Rio de la Plata on the
coast of the Atlantic Ocean
 The people of Buenos
Aires are known as “Los
Porteños”
 Avenida 9 de Julio is the
world’s widest street. It is
425 feet wide and has 7
lanes in each direction. It
is named for Argentina’s
Independence day, July
9th.
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La Boca, Buenos Aires

Originally home to
Italian immigrants,
the painted streets
of the La Boca
neighborhood are
famous for the
colorful houses and
tango music found in
the streets.
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Nuclear Power




Located 70 miles north of Buenos Aires,
Argentina’s 1st nuclear power plant at Atucha
was built in 1974 and handles approximately 7%
of Argentina’s power needs.
During the 1980s & 90s, more nuclear plants
were built but the disposal of waste became a
problem.
Construction of a nuclear-waste site began in
1986 but quickly met opposition as citizens
became angry and concerned about during
nuclear waste near their homes.
The project has been delayed until 2030
meaning the disposal of nuclear waste remains
a problem today.
Geografía

Iguazú Falls
 Located on Argentina’s border with Brazil
 More than two miles wide
 La Garganta del Diablo is one of the 275
cascades on the border with Brasil and is the
most impressive of the Iguazú Falls
Geografía

Las Pampas
 The Grassy Central
Plains
 Home to more than ½
of Argentina’s
population and
thousands of heads
of cattle
 Known as the land of
the cowboys and
heart of Argentina’s
farming
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Geografía

EL Parque
Provincial
Ishigualasto
 An Area known for
strange geological
formations
 Fossils from the
Triassic period have
been found here
 El Eoraptor Lunensis,
one of the oldest
dinosaurs, was
discovered here.
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Geografía

Los Andes
 The Mountain Range that runs the length of South
America
 Make up the border between Argentina & Chile

San Carlos de Bariloche
 on the border of the Nahuel Huapi Lake in Patagonia
is known as the Switzerland of the Andes due to it’s
mountainous geography.
 This area has some of the finest ski resorts in the
world. Ski season is usually July with the National
Snow Party, a week long celebration, taking place in
August.
 The European Architecture of the Alpes in the city of
San Carlos de Bariloche reflects the German heritage
in this region.
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Geografía

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Perito Moreno
 Located in Patagonia
 It is the world’s only
inland glacier that is
still growing.
 The river of blue ice
moves forward 30
feet a year.
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Geografía

Tierra del Fuego (Land of Fire)
 Ushuaia is the southern most city in the
world and is located in this region
 During the summer in December & January,
there are days with 20 hours of light
 The Penguins of Magllanes live in large
colonies in the extreme south of Argentina.
Ushuaia
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El Arte
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Cueva de las Manos
 Located in Patagonia
is a representation of
negative hands and is
a work of prehistoric
cavemen that
inhabited the region
10,000 years ago.
Celebrations

La Fiesta de la Semana de Tradición
 Celebrated in San Antonio de Areco
 It is that largest festival in Argentina and is
dedicated to cowboys and their costumes.

El Festival del Tango
 Celebrated in Buenos Aires
 Dedicated to the music and dance of the tango, a
purely Argentinean expression, that originated in
the immigrant neighborhoods.
Celebrations

National Guacho (Cowboy) Festival
 Celebrated in Buenos Aires each December
 Boys wear baggy bands, called bombachas
 Parades of floats, vintage cars, and horses begin the
celebration
 Throughout the city, winners of nationwide contests
gather to recite their poetry and tell gaucho campfire
stories.
 Sortija is a gaucho game in which players attempt to
thread a pin through a small ring hung from a pole,
while galloping toward it on their horses at full speed.
 Pato is a team sport in which horsemen fight over a
large ball equipped with handles and attempt to score
by stuffing the ball through a large hoop.
Comida- Beef
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The success of the cattle industry in the pampas has
lead to beef and meat being the primary backbone of
Argentinean cuisine.
Argentineans eat beef nearly everyday!
Chorizos, morcillas, and salchichas are a few kids of
sausages made from beef.
Locro is a popular stew found in the north made
from beef, pumpkin, and other vegetables.
La parrillada is a typical food in Argentina that is a
combination of various meats and is served in large
banquets.
Las picadas are restaurants that serve a large
variety of appetizers and finger foods made from
cheese, meats, seafood, and nuts.
Comida- Yerba Mate

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The national drink of Argentina
This drink is a bitter tea
The tea leaves are placed in a
special wooden cup called a
calabacita or mate.
The leaves steep for several
minutes in boiling water.
Finally, the sweetened drink is
sipped through a metal straw
called a bombilla.
The yerba mate is passes around
a group of drinkers in a circle,
each taking a sip from the
bombilla.
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Argentina - Boyd County Public Schools